Glossary of Terms

Proportion of infants under 6 months old who are exclusively breastfed

The number of infants under 6 months old who are fed exclusively with breast milk as a proportion of all infants under 6 months old.

Reference: WHO, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Antenatal care coverage, at least four visits

The number of women aged 15-49 years with a live birth in a given time period who received antenatal care provided by skilled health personnel four or more times during pregnancy expressed as a percentage of all women aged 15-49 years with a live birth in the same time period

Notes: This is indicator no. 5.5 in the official UNSD list of MDG indicators and is also one of the indicators currently being monitored in the Philippines. WHO recommends a minimum of four antenatal visits based on a review of the effectiveness of different models of antenatal care.

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Antenatal care coverage, at least one visit

The number of women aged 15-49 years with a live birth in a given time period who received antenatal care provided by skilled health personnel at least once during pregnancy expressed as a percentage of all women aged 15-49 years with a live birth in the same time period

Notes: This is indicator no. 5.5 in the official UNSD list of MDG indicators and is also one of the indicators currently being monitored in the Philippines. WHO recommends a minimum of four antenatal visits based on a review of the effectiveness of different models of antenatal care. Based on DOH data, however, it has been noted that maternal mortality rates tend to go down even with just one antenatal visit.

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Body Mass Index (BMI)

an indicator of nutritional status for adolescents 11-19 years old and adults 20 years old and over, which provides a measure of body mass ranging from thinness to obesity and is expressed as body weight (Wt) in kilograms divided by the square of the height (Ht) in meters

Notes: Latest NCHS/WHO standards for BMI for adults 20 years old and over is for 1978

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008
approved: 6/11/2008

Child Mortality Rate (CMR)

the probability of dying between exact age one and age five, expressed as the number of deaths of children from exact age one to less than age five during a given period per 1,000 children surviving to age 12 months at the beginning of the period.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: NSCB Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006

Complementary feeding

The process starting when breast milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements of infants and therefore, other foods and liquids are needed, along with breast milk

Notes: The target age range for complementary feeding is generally taken to be 6-24 months of age, even though brestfeeding may continue beyond two years

Reference: WHO, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR)

the proportion of currently married women in the reproductive ages of 15-49 years reporting current use of any contraceptive method.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006

Crude Death Rate (CDR)

the ratio of the number of deaths occurring within one year to the mid-year population expressed per 1,000 population.

Notes: It is “crude” in the sense that all ages are represented in the rate and does not take into account the variations in risks of dying at particular ages.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006

Death

The permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place (postnatal cessation of vital functions without capability of resuscitation)

Notes: This definition excludes foetal deaths

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Death rates associated with malaria

The number of deaths caused by malaria per 100,000 population.

Notes: Also known as malaria mortality rate

Reference: UN DOH-FHSIS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


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