Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, July 2018 Round

Palay and corn production for April to June 2018 were lesser than their respective levels in 2017 by 1.44 percent and 3.42 percent. The decrements in output were ascribed to the early plantings in some areas during the last two quarters due to sufficient water supply. 
 
Based on standing crop, probable production of palay and corn for July-September 2018 may incur cutbacks due to delayed plantings resulting from late release of irrigation water and late onset of rainfall.
 

Palay

The April-June 2018 palay production of 4.09 million mt declined by 1.44 percent from last year’s level of 4.15 million mt.  Likewise, harvest area contracted to 932.79 thousand hectares from previous year’s record of 947.19 thousand hectares.  On the other hand, yield per hectare was not changed at 4.38 mt per hectare (Table 1.1).
 
  o Bulk of the reductions in outputs were noted in Cagayan Valley at 3.25 percent and SOCCSKSARGEN at 0.46 percent
 
  o The decrements in outputs were attributed to the following:
 
    •  In Cagayan Valley, there was a decrease in harvest area which was attributed to early plantings in some areas from October-December 2017 due to sufficient water  supply. Moreover, farmers opted to harvest in the later part of the first quarter to avail of good prices offered by the traders.  There were also crop shifting to cassava and sugarcane.
 
    •  In SOCCSKSARGEN, the decrements were attributed to advance harvesting due to hot weather condition.  Moreover, during the first quarter, there were  closures and  rehabilitations of some National Irrigation Administration (NIA) canals which resulted to lesser plantings.
 

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