Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, October 2017

Probable palay production for October-December 2017 may surpass the 2016 level by 6.26 percent, while, corn production may decline by 5.41 percent.  The anticipated increment in output may be attributed to the increase in yield resulting from sustained use of high yielding varieties coupled with sufficient water supply during the early stages of crop development. Cutback in corn areas are foreseen due to shifting of crops, inadequate supply of quality seeds and unrealized plantings caused by often occurrence of rains. 
 
Palay and corn production for calendar year 2017 may rise by 10.11 percent and 9.72 percent, respectively as compared to 2016 level. 
 
Based on farmers’ planting intentions, probable production of palay and corn for January-March 2018 based on farmers’ planting intentions may incur positive growths of 2.58 percent and 5.45 percent, respectively.

Corn

 
Production for July-September 2017 at 2.59 million MT, decreased by 2.74 percent from the 2.66 million MT output in same quarter of 2016. Harvest area declined to 884.21 thousand hectares or by 8.58 percent from the 2016 level of 967.23 thousand hectares. However, yield per hectare improved from 2.75 MT in 2016 to 2.93 MT in 2017 (Table 2.3).
  • Cut-back in the output were shared mostly by Northern Mindanao (2.27 percent), SOCCSKSARGEN (2.28 percent) and ARMM (3.24 percent).
  • Reduction in harvest area were attributed to the following:
    • Marshy areas in ARMM were planted to palay; 
    • Heavy rains caused lodging of crop and delayed harvesting in Zamboanga Peninsula and SOCCSKSARGEN, respectively; and
    • Shifting of crop from corn to tobacco and cacao in Northern Mindanao and rubber, coffee and oil palm in SOCCSKSARGEN.
 

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