Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, January 2018 Round

Palay and corn production for calendar year 2017 exceeded the 2016 levels by 9.36 percent and 9.64 percent, respectively. The increments were attributed to the increase in area harvested and yield brought by more usage of high yielding variety seeds coupled with sufficient water supply and favorable weather conditions during the year. 
Probable palay and corn production based on standing crop for the January to March 2018 are foreseen to be higher by 5.65 percent and 5.05 percent compared to its records in 2017, respectively.


The October-December 2017 palay production at 7.32 million MT was higher than the 2016 level of 7.01 million MT. Harvest area was lower by 0.96 percent, from 1.88 million hectares to 1.86 million hectares this year. Yield improved from 3.73 MT per hectare to 3.93 MT per hectare or by 5.38 percent (Table 1.2).
o The regions that contributed significant increments in production were Cagayan Valley (2.40 percent), Central Luzon (3.15 percent), Bicol Region (0.74 percent) and Central Visayas (0.59 percent).
o The increases in output were attributed to:
  • Increased harvest area and yield in Cagayan Valley due to normal delivery of irrigation water, less weather disturbance and sustained used of hybrid seeds;
  • Increased yield in Central Luzon resulting from the use of better seeds, close monitoring of pests and diseases and sufficient water supply; and
  • Increments in area harvested in CAR, Bicol Region, and Central Visayas due to sufficient water supply during the cropping period.