Technical Notes on the Labor Force Survey

The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO).

The reference period used in the survey is the past seven (7) days preceding the date of visit of the enumerator. The number of sample households was 51,000.

The concepts and definitions used in the survey can be found in the regular NSO-ISH Bulletins. Some are given below:

a. Labor Force - refers to the population 15 years old and over who contribute to the production of goods and services in the country. It comprises the employed and unemployed.

b. Employed - consists of persons in the labor force who are reported either as at work or with a job or business although not at work. Persons at work are those who did some work, even for an hour during the reference period.

c. Unemployed - consists of persons in the labor force who are reported as (1) without work; and (2) currently available for work; and (3) seeking work or not seeking work because of the belief that no work is available, or awaiting results of previous job application, or because of temporary illness or disability, bad weather or waiting for rehire or job recall.

Note: The new definition of unemployed was adopted starting April 2005 per NSCB Resolution No. 15 dated October 20, 2004

The old definition of unemployed considered only two criteria:

1) Without work and looking for work; or
2) Without work and not looking for work due to valid reasons.

d. Underemployed - refers to the employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or have a new job with longer working hours.

e. Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) - proportion of total labor force to the total household population 15 years and over.

f. Employment Rate - proportion of employed persons to the total labor force.

g. Unemployment Rate - proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force.

h. Underemployment Rate - proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons.

Starting with the July 2003 round, the quarterly Labor Force Survey uses the 2003 Master Sample Design. Using this new master sample design, the number of samples increased from 41,000 to around 51,000 sample households.

The province of Basilan is now under Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao while Isabela City (Basilan) is under Region IX, in accordance with Executive Order No. 36.

The 1992 four-digit code for Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) and 1994 Philippine Standard Industry Classification (PSIC) were used in classifying occupation and industry, respectively.

Starting with the January 2007 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2000 Census of Population has been adopted to generate the labor force statistics. This is in compliance with NSCB Resolution No. 1 series of 2005 entitled Adoption of the Methodology Used in Generating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing-Based National Population Projections.

Source: National Statistics Office
Manila, Philippines