Majority of establishments were involved in hospital activities and medical and dental practices
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) covered a total of 27,720 health and social work establishments. Of the total, 27,241 or 98.3 percent had an average total employment (ATE) of less than 20, while only 479 establishments or 1.7 percent had ATE of 20 or more. See Tables 1, 2 & 3 for summary statistics for health and social work establishments.
Those establishments providing hospital activities and medical and dental practices (PSIC N851) comprised the biggest number with 27,198 establishments or 98.1 percent, the rest were engaged in veterinary activities (PSIC N852) with 382 establishments or 1.4 percent and social work activities (PSIC N853) with 140 establishments or 0.5 percent.
For the regional distribution of health and social work with ATE 20 or more, National Capital Region (NCR) accounted for 140 establishments or 29.2 percent of the total count while Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) had the least number with a combined number of only 5 establishments or 1.0 percent of the total. Figure 1 shows the distribution of health and social work establishments by region.
Hospitals, medical and dental clinics employed most number of workers
In terms of employment, out of the total 132,974 workers, 129,916 or 97.7% worked in establishments engaged in hospital activities and medical and dental practices (PSIC N851). The rest were hired by those engaged in veterinary and social work activities amounting to 3,058 or 2.3%. Figure 2 displays the distribution of health & social works employees by industry group.
Average monthly compensation per paid employee is P7,043
Compensation paid amounted to P 8.7 billion in 2001 which was equivalent to P 7,043 average monthly compensation per paid employee.
As for industry group, establishments engaged in social work activities paid the highest average monthly compensation at P8,759, workers engaged in hospital activities and medical and dental practices (PSIC N851) received P 7,042 per month and those engaged in veterinary activities (PSIC N853) received P 3,860 per month. See Figure 3 for the average monthly compensation per paid health and social work employee by industry group.
Top earners were establishments engaged in hospital activities and medical and dental practices
Total revenue generated by the sector is P 34.4 billion. Highest revenue amounting to P33.6 or 97.9% was generated by establishments engaged in hospital activities and medical and dental practices. The remaining amount was posted by veterinary activities and social work activities with P215.4 million (0.6%) and P520.5 million (1.5%) respectively.
Costs excluding compensation paid to employees summed up to P 20.1 billion.
Labor productivity per worker is P 0.259 million.
Labor productivity (revenue per worker) was measured at P0.259 million. The highest labor productivity was recorded at P0.280 million for social work activities, while the lowest labor productivity was recorded at P0.180 million for veterinary activities. See Tables R1 to R3 for other economic indicators.
Scope and Coverage:
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) formerly known as Annual Survey of Establishments (ASE) was conducted to collect information on the structure and trends of economic activities in the entire country for the year 2001. Covered were establishments engaged in economic activities as defined under the 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). These establishments were classified into 14 sectors, one of which is on health and social work establishments (Sector N). The sector is composed of establishments engaged in hospital activities and medical and dental practices (N851); veterinary activities (N852) and social work activities (N853).
All health and social work establishments nationwide with average total employment (ATE) of 100 and over were covered on a 100 percent basis and those with ATE less than 100 were selected using simple random sampling.
A total of 359 or 91.8% responded out of the 391 samples drawn for the sector. Adjustments for non-response were made through imputations.
Concepts and Definition of terms
Establishment - is an economic unit, which engages under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, in one, or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location.
Economic activity or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). The main activity refers to the activity that contributes the biggest or major portion of the gross income or revenue of the establishment.
Total employment - is the number of persons who worked in or for the establishment as of November 15, 2001.
Paid employees - are all persons working in the establishments receiving pay as well as those working away from the establishment when paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are persons working as full-time or part-time and those employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers and workers receiving commission only.
Unpaid workers - include working owners who do not receive regular pay, apprentices and learners without regular pay, and persons working without regular pay for at least one third of the working time normal to the establishment.
Salaries and wages - are payments in cash or in kind, prior to deduction for employee?s contribution to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, vacation, sick, maternity leave pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue - refers to cash received and receivables for goods sold and services rendered.
Cost - refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at market price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased
Gross additions to fixed assets - refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Fixed assets - are physical assets expected to have productive life of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, fixtures, machinery, tool, furniture, office equipment, vehicles, and the like.
Subsidies - are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.
Inventories - refer to stocks of goods owned by or under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser's price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Change in Inventories - as a derived indicator is computed as the value of ending inventory less the value of beginning inventory.
Value Added - is the total revenue plus capital expenditures (own account) plus change in inventories less total cost (net of indirect taxes and interest).
Source: National Statistics Office