Establishments with an average total employment of less than 20 dominate the sector
A total of 39,425 establishments engaged in other community, social and personal service activities were covered in 2003 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry. Most of these establishments, 38,888 or 98.6 percent had an average total employment (ATE) of less than 20 while only 537 or 1.4 percent had ATE of 20 or more. (See Table 1 to Table 3.)
About two thirds (66.4%) or 26,176 of the total count for the sector were involved in other service activities (PSIC O930) like dry cleaning, hair dressing and funeral parlor. Sporting and other recreational activities (PSIC O924) and motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment activities (PSIC O921) followed next with 7,451 (18.9%) and 5,710 (14.5%) establishments respectively. (See Figure 1 below.)
Establishments providing other service activities employ the most number of workers
In 2003, employment of other community, social and personal service sector registered a total of 172,188 workers. Of this, 124,750 or 72.4 percent were paid employees while the rest were working owners and unpaid workers. Distribution of employment by industry group is shown in Figure 2.
Establishments providing other service activities employed the most number of workers with 78,525 or 45.6 percent of the total. Sporting and other recreational activities ranked second with 54,216 workers (31.5%). This was followed by motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment activities with 37,086 workers (21.5%).
News agencies pay more to employees
Compensation paid to employees by other community, social and personal service sector amounted to P12.3 billion in 2003. Average monthly compensation was estimated at P8,223 per paid employee. News agency employees received the highest average monthly pay of P94,458 while employees engaged in other service activities received the lowest monthly pay of P4,353. See Table A for the average monthly compensation per paid employee by industry group.
Table A. Average Monthly Compensation Per Paid Employee By Industry Group: 2003
PSIC Code Industry Description Average Monthly Compensation Per Paid Employee O Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activity P8,223 O900 Sewage & Refuse Disposal, Sanitation & Similar Activities P8,780 O921 Motion Picture, Radio, Television and Other Entertainment Activities P10,717 O922 News Agency Activities P94,458 O923 Library & Archives, Museums and Other Cultural Activities P12,314 O924 Sporting & Other Recreational Activities P10,865 O930 Other Service Activities P4,353
Sporting and other recreational establishments are top earners
Total revenue earned by the sector in 2003 grossed P79.6 billion. Of the total, P38.6 billion (48.5%) was generated by establishment providing sporting and other recreational activities. Motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment establishments followed with P29.1 billion. (36.5%) Library and archives and other cultural establishments earned the least revenue with P271.4 million (0.3%). Figure 3 displays the distribution of revenue and costs by industry group.
Motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment establishments incur highest costs
In 2003, total costs excluding compensation incurred by the sector summed up to P42.4 billion. Motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment activities disbursed the highest costs amounting to P21.4 billion (50.5%). Gross additions to fixed assets reaches P3.3 billion.
Gross additions to fixed assets of other community, social and personal service establishments reached P3.3 billion. Motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment activities posted the highest with P1.8 billion.
Total change in inventories amounts to P50.0 million
Change in inventories reported by the sector amounted to P50.0 million. Highest change in inventories was reported by other service activities which comprised 97.6 percent of the total.
Subsidies totals to P205.8 million
In 2003, the government provided P205.8 million as subsidies to the sector. Motion picture, radio, television and other entertainment activities received the highest subsidy with P155.9 million or 75.8 percent of the total
Labor productivity per worker is P0.46 million
Revenue per worker, a measure of labor productivity was valued at P0.46 million. The highest labor productivity at P6.5 million was attained by news agencies. On the other hand the lowest labor productivity at P0.13 million was exhibited by establishments engaged in other service activities. Figure 4 shows labor productivity by industry group. See also Tables R1 to R3 for other economic indicators.
Scope and Coverage
The 2003 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) formerly known as Annual Survey of Establishments (ASE) was conducted to collect information on the structure and trends of economic activities in the entire country for the year 2003. Covered were establishments engaged in economic activities as defined under the 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). These establishments were classified into 14 sectors, one of which is on other community, social and personal services (Sector O). The sector is composed of establishments engaged in three industry divisions, namely, sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities (O90); recreational, cultural and sporting activities (O92) and other service activities (O93).
All other community, social and personal services establishments nationwide with average total employment (ATE) of 100 and over were covered on a 100 percent basis and those with ATE less than 100 were selected using simple random sampling.
A total of 737 or 88.69% responded out of the 831 samples drawn for the sector. Adjustments for non-response were made through imputations.
Concepts and Definition of terms
Establishment is an economic unit, which engages under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, in one, or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location.
Economic activity or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). The main activity refers to the activity that contributes the biggest or major portion of the gross income or revenue of the establishment.
Total Employment is the number of persons who worked in or for the establishment as of November 15, 2003.
Paid employees are all persons working in the establishments receiving pay as well as those working away from the establishment when paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are persons working as full-time or part-time and those employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers and workers receiving commission only.
Unpaid workers include working owners who do not receive regular pay, apprentices and learners without regular pay, and persons working without regular pay for at least one third of the working time normal to the establishment.
Salaries and wages are payments in cash or in kind, prior to deduction for employee's contribution to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, vacation, sick, maternity leave pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue refers to cash received and receivables for goods sold and services rendered.
Cost refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at market price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased
Gross additions to fixed assets refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Fixed assets are physical assets expected to have productive life of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, fixtures, machinery, tool, furniture, office equipment, vehicles, and the like.
Subsidies are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.
Inventories refer to stocks of goods owned by or under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser's price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Change in Inventories as a derived indicator is computed as the value of ending inventory less the value of beginning inventory.
Value Added is the total revenue plus capital expenditures (own account) plus change in inventories less total cost (net of indirect taxes and interest).
Source: National Statistics Office