Number of Establishments
Based on the final results of the 2009 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry, the Philippines had a total of 4,181 establishments engaged in Transport, Storage and Communications sector for all employment sizes. Activities of other transport agencies industry topped the sector with 1,185 establishments or 28.3 percent. This was followed by Activities of tour and travel agencies and tour operators; tourist assistance activities, not elsewhere classified and Land transport operation industries with 983 establishments (23.5%) and 823 establishments (19.7%), respectively. Figure 1 shows the percent distribution of establishments by industry group.
Employment for the sector reached a total of 179,844 in 2009. Almost all (98.7%) or 177,506 workers were paid employees.
Among industries, Land transport operation industry had the highest number of employees with 39,374 (21.9%). The Telecommunications industry ranked second with 35,333 employees (19.6%) and Activities of other transport agencies, third with 28,821 employees (16.0%). Non-scheduled air transport industry employed the least with only 342 employees (0.2%). Distribution of employment by industry group for the sector is shown in Figure 2.
Average number of workers per establishment for the sector stood at 43. Scheduled air transport employed the highest with 2,274 workers per establishment while Inland water transport industry hired the lowest with 7 workers per establishment in 2009.
The total compensation paid by Transport, Storage and Communications sector amounted to PHP62.1 billion, an equivalent of PHP349,905 average annual compensation.
About PHP27.9 billion or almost half (45.0%) of the total compensation of the sector was paid by Telecommunications industry. Scheduled air transport industry came in second with PHP9.2 billion (14.8%) and Activities of other transport agencies industry placed third with PHP5.8 billion (9.4%).
Scheduled air transport industry employees were the highest earners in 2009 with an average annual compensation of PHP811,094. Employees of Telecommunications and Non-scheduled air transport industries followed with PHP793,278 and PHP420,107, respectively. Workers in Inland water transport industry received the lowest average annual compensation of PHP60,025. Figure 3 shows the leading industries with highest average annual compensation for the sector.
Gross revenue earned in 2009 for Transport, Storage and Communications sector reached PHP578.3 billion. Telecommunications industry was the top contributor with revenue of PHP301.2 billion or 52.1 percent of the total. Earning the second place was Scheduled air transport industry with PHP97.1 billion (16.8%) followed by Sea and coastal water transport with PHP40.9 billion (7.1%).
Cost for operating the industry summed up to PHP382.9 billion. Telecommunications industry incurred the highest cost with PHP166.9 billion (43.6%) followed by Scheduled air transport industry with PHP84.8 billion (22.1%). Sea and coastal water transport came in third with PHP31.5 billion (8.2%). Revenue and cost distribution for the sector is shown in Figure 4.
Revenue per Cost
Revenue per peso cost for the sector amounted to 1.51. Among industries, Telecommunications industry posted the highest ratio of 1.80. This was followed by Supporting and auxiliary activities to water transport industry with 1.64.
Value added was estimated at PHP256.7 billion. Telecommunications industry accounted for PHP162.9 billion or 63.4 percent of the total value added of the sector. Scheduled air transport and Sea and coastal water transport industries followed with PHP24.7 billion (9.6%) and PHP14.0 billion (5.5%), respectively.
Employees of Telecommunications industry were the most productive in 2009 in terms of value added per worker with PHP4.6 million, more than thrice the national average of PHP1.4 million. Scheduled air transport was the other industry that surpassed the national average with PHP2.2 million. Figure 5 shows the sector's leading industries in terms of value added per worker in 2009.
Gross Additions to Tangible Fixed Assets
Gross additions to tangible fixed assets in 2009 totaled to PHP62.4 billion with Telecommunications industry recording the highest amount of PHP44.6 billion (71.5%). Scheduled air transport industry was next with PHP5.7 billion (9.1%) and Sea and coastal water transport industry followed with PHP5.1 billion (8.1%).
Change in Inventories
Change in inventories, defined as the value of ending inventory less the beginning, amounted to PHP1.8 billion in 2009. Among industries, Telecommunications industry recorded the highest change in inventories of PHP581.5 million (33.0%). Scheduled air transport industry followed with PHP557.7 million (31.6%). Supporting and auxiliary activities to land transport industry, on the other hand, had the highest negative inventories amounting to PHP10.1 million.
Subsidies granted by the government to the sector amounted to PHP2.8 billion in 2009. Most of the subsidies or PHP2.7 billion (98.8%) were given to Land transport operation industry. Supporting and auxiliary activities to water transport industry was a far second with PHP10.8 million.
The 2009 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI), conducted in 2010 with 2009 as reference year, is one of the continuing activities of the National Statistics Office. It will be a source of benchmark levels on the structure and trends of economic activities in the country for the year 2009. Particularly, the data from ASPBI will be used in constructing national and regional income accounts in the country, determining and comparing regional economic structures, and formulating plans and policies of the government in the attainment of economic goals.
The conduct of the ASPBI is governed by legislative acts and presidential directives, specifically Commonwealth Act No. 591 which was approved on August 19,1940.
Scope and coverage
The 2009 ASPBI covered establishments engaged in 14 economic sectors classified under the Amended 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial classification (PSIC) namely:
- A - Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry
- B - Fishing
- C - Mining and Quarrying
- D - Manufacturing
- E - Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
- F - Construction
- G - Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair and Maintenance of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles, and Personal and Household Goods
- H - Hotels and Restaurants
- I - Transportation, Storage and Communications
- J - Financial Intermediation
- K - Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities
- M - Private Education
- N - Health and Social Work
- O - Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities
The scope of the ASPBI was confined to the "formal sector" only consisting of the following:
- Corporations and partnership
- Cooperatives and foundations
- Single proprietorships with employment of 10 or more
- Single proprietorships with branches
Like all other establishment surveys conducted by the NSO, the 2009 ASPBI used establishment as the unit of enumeration. It is defined as "an economic unit under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, engaged in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location."
Classification of Establishments
Before the actual selection of samples, the establishments listed in the frame were classified based on economic organization (EO), legal organization (LO), industrial classification, employment size and geographic location.
Economic organization refers to the organizational structure or role of the establishment in the organization. The following are the types of economic organization:
- Single establishment is an establishment which has neither branch nor main office
- Branch only is an establishment which has a separate main office located elsewhere
- Establishment and main office, both located in the same address and with branches elsewhere
- Main office only is the unit which controls, supervises and directs one or more establishments of an enterprise
- Ancillary unit other than main office is the unit that operates primarily or exclusively for a related establishment or group of related establishments or its parent establishment and provide goods or services that support but do not become part of the output of those establishments
The legal organization provides the legal basis for ownership of the establishment. The following are the types of legal organization:
- Single Proprietorship refers to a business establishment organized, owned, and managed by one person, who alone assumes the risk of the business enterprise. The establishment name is that of a person, or it has words such as Owner, Proprietor or Operator.
- Partnership refers to an association of two or more individuals for the conduct of a business enterprise based upon an agreement or contract between or among them to contribute money, property or industry into a common fund with the intention of dividing profits among themselves. The establishment name includes words such as Owners, Partners, Limited or LTD., Associates or ASSOCS.
- Government Corporation is a private corporation organized for private aim, benefit or purpose and owned and controlled by the government. The establishment name included words such as Corporation or CORP., INCORPORATED or INC.
- Private Corporation is a corporation organized by private persons. The establishment name includes words such Corporation or Corp, Incorporated or INC.
- Cooperative - the establishment name includes words such as Cooperative or COOP
The industrial classification of an economic unit is determined by the activity from which it derives its major income or revenue. The amended 1994 PSIC is utilized to classify units according to their economic activities.
The amended 1994 PSIC consists of an alpha character and 5 numeric digits. The alpha character, which represents the major division, is denoted by the characters A to Q. The first two numeric digits represent the division; the first three numeric digits, the group; the first four digits, the class; and the 5 digits, the sub-class.
The size of the establishment is determined by its total employment (TE). The following are the employment size classification used in the 2009 ASPBI:
|TE Code||Total Employment||TE Code||Total Employment|
|0||1 - 4||5||100 - 199|
|1||5 - 9||6||200 - 499|
|2||10 - 19||7||500 - 999|
|3||20 - 49||8||1000 - 1999|
|4||50 - 99||9||2000 and Over|
The geographic or physical location of the establishments was classified in accordance with the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) as of December 30, 2006 which contains the latest updates on the number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
The geographic domains of the 2009 ASPBI for establishments with TE of 20 and over are the 17 administrative regions while the whole country serves as the geographic domain for establishments with TE of less than 20.
Hence, the samples of the 2009 ASPBI with TE of 20 and over shall provide data for 17 administrative regions. For samples with TE of less than 20, the data that will be presented is limited only at the national level.
A total of 1,730 out of 1,816 or 95.3 percent of sample establishments responded. These include receipts of "good" questionnaires, partially accomplished questionnaires, reports of closed, moved out or out of scope establishments.
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
Economic activity or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the amended 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Generally, the main activity of the establishment is the establishment's principal source of income. If the establishment is engaged in several activities, its main activity is that which earns the biggest income or revenue.
Total Employment is the number of persons who worked in or for this establishment as of November 15, 2009.
Paid employees are all persons working in the establishment and receiving pay, as well as those working away from the establishment paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are all employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers, workers receiving pure commissions only, and workers on indefinite leave.
Salaries and wages are payments in cash or in kind to all employees, prior to deductions for employee's contributions to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue is the value of goods, products/by-products sold and/or services rendered to others whether paid in cash or is considered receivable by the establishment. Valuation of products/by products sold should be in producer's price (ex-establishment), net of discounts and allowances, including duties and charges but excluding subsidies. It also include goods transferred and/or services rendered to other establishment belonging to the same enterprise as the said establishment which should be treated as sales or as if sold to a customer; and revenue from products on a contractual basis from materials supplied by the establishment.
Costs refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at purchaser price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.
Costs of goods sold represents the sum of the total value of goods purchased for resale and change in inventory of goods for resale (beginning less ending).
Value added is gross output less intermediate costs.
Gross Output is equal to the sum of the total revenue (less rent income from land, delivery charges separately invoiced to customers, royalty income and franchise income), capital expenditures of fixed assets produced on own account and change in inventories of goods for resale ;less cost of goods purchased for resale.
Intermediate costs is equal to the sum of the following cost items: materials and supplies ; fuels, lubricants, oils and greases ; electricity and water ; cost of industrial services done by others; cost of non-industrial services done by others(less rent expense for land);research and experimental development expense; environmental protection expense; royalty fee; franchise fee, inventory of materials and supplies, fuels, lubricants, oils and greases (beginning less ending) and other cost.
Fixed assets are physical assets expected to have productive life of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, other structures and land improvements, transport equipment, fixtures, machinery, tool, furniture, office equipment and other fixed assets.
Book value of tangible fixed assets is the initial value or acquisition cost of fixed assets less the accumulated depreciation.
Gross addition to fixed assets is the sum of costs of new and used fixed assets acquired during the year, cost of alteration and improvements done by others and cost of fixed assets produced by the establishment less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Inventories refer to the stocks of goods owned by and under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser's price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Change in Inventories is equivalent to the total value of inventories at the end of the year less the value at the beginning of the year.
Subsidies are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to aid and develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.
Source: National Statistics Office