Restaurants and mobile food service activities dominate Accommodation and Food Service Activities section
Based on the final results of the 2010 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) conducted nationwide, with 2010 as the reference year, the Philippines had a total of 14,937 establishments engaged in Accommodation and Food Service Activities. A total of 11,208 establishments or 75.0 percent had a total employment (TE) of less than 20 while 3,729 or 25.0 percent had TE of 20 and over.
As shown in Figure 1, restaurants and mobile food service activities garnered the highest number of establishments at 11,815 (79.1%) followed by short term accommodation activities with 1,466 establishments or 9.8 percent. Other accommodation activities recorded the lowest number with 172 or 1.1 percent. See Table 1.
Restaurants and mobile food service activities generate the highest employment
Employment in 2010 reached a total of 289,007. TABLE 1 shows that, 280,578 or 97.1 percent were paid employees while the remaining 8,429 (2.9%) were working owners and unpaid workers.
Table 1 shows that restaurants and mobile food service activities, having the largest share in terms of number of establishments, had the most number of employees with 215,033 (74.4%). Short term accommodation garnered 19.0 percent or 54,975 employees. The remaining 18, 999 or 6.6 percent were distributed to beverage serving activities, event catering and other food service activities, and other accommodation.
Restaurant and mobile food service activities pay the highest compensation
The total compensation paid by Accommodation and Food Service Activities amounted to PHP32.3 billion, an equivalent of PHP115,230 average annual compensation per paid employee.
By industry group, restaurants and mobile food service activities paid the highest compensation to its employees amounting to PHP20.9 billion or 64.7 percent of the total. Short term accommodation activities paid PHP9.8 billion or 30.4 percent. Those working in other accommodation received a total compensation of PHP99.7 million or 0.3 percent of the total compensation. See Figure 3.
Short term accommodation activities employees were the highest earners in 2010 with an average annual compensation of PHP183.6 thousand per paid employee. Employees of event catering and other food service activities received an average annual remuneration of PHP109.6 thousand. The lowest earners were employees from beverage serving activities with only PHP81.3 thousand average annual compensation (Table 3).
Total revenue amounts to PHP209.6 billion; Restaurants and mobile food service activities produce the largest revenue
Gross revenue earned in 2010 by Accommodation and Food Service Activities section reached PHP209.6 billion. Restaurants and mobile food service activities was the top contributor with PHP153.9 billion or 73.4 percent of the total. Short term accommodation activities generated PHP46.4 billion (22.1%). The remaining PHP9.2 billion or 4.4 percent was distributed to event catering and other food service activities, beverage serving activities and other accommodation.
Total cost reaches PHP155.4 billion; Restaurant and mobile food service activities spend the highest
Cost for operating the industry summed up to PHP155.4 billion. Restaurants and mobile food service activities disbursed the highest cost of PHP117.0 billion (75.2%). Short term accommodation activities incurred a total cost of PHP32.0 billion or 20.6 percent. Having the lowest number of establishments, other accommodation spent PHP391.7 million or 0.3 percent. Distribution of revenue and cost by industry group is shown in Figure 4.
Revenue-cost ratio amounts to 1.35; Event catering and other food service activities record the highest returns
Revenue-cost ratio, the revenue generated per PHP1 cost, amounted to 1.35. Among industries, event catering and other food service activities recorded the highest with PHP1.46 revenue per PHP1 cost. Short term accommodation activities with PHP1.45 come in second followed by beverage serving activities with PHP1.43 revenue per PHP1 cost. The lowest among the group was recorded to restaurants and mobile food service activities with PHP1.32 revenue per PHP1 cost.
Value Added amounts to PHP67.3 billion
Value added was estimated at PHP67.3 billion for Accommodation and Food Service Activities. Total value added of restaurants and mobile food service activities was recorded at PHP42.9 billion or 63.7 percent. Short term accommodation activities had a total value added of PHP21 billion or (31.2%). The least value added was accounted for by other accommodation with PHP281 million or 0.4 percent. Figure 5 shows the distribution of value added for Accommodation and Food Service Activitites.
Short term accommodation activities employees are the most productive
Value added per worker, a measure of labor productivity, was valued at an average of PHP232.7 thousand per employee. Among industries, short term accommodation activities had the highest average at PHP381.7 thousand. Next was event catering and other food service activities with PHP262.4. Not far behind was other accommodation at PHP248.4 thousand per employee.
Gross additions to tangible fixed assets totals PHP11.4 billion
Gross additions to tangible fixed assets in 2010 totaled to PHP11.4 billion. By industry, short term accommodation activities recorded the highest amounting to PHP7.1 billion (62.0%). Restaurants and mobile food service activities had PHP4.2 billion (36.6%) while the least gross additions to tangible fixed assets was recorded by event catering and other food service activities with PHP30.0 million or 0.3 percent.
Total change in inventories amounts to PHP587.5 million
Change in inventories, defined as the value of ending inventory less beginning, amounted to PHP587.5 million in 2010. Restaurants and mobile food service activities recorded the highest with PHP428.3 million or 72.9 percent, followed by short term accommodation with PHP128.2 million (21.8%). The lowest change in inventories was recorded by other accommodation with only PHP931 thousand or 0.2 percent.
The 2010 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI), conducted in 2011 with 2010 as the reference year, is one of the continuing activity of the National Statistics Office. It will be a source of benchmark levels on the structure and trends of economic activities in the country for the year 2010. Particularly, the data from ASPBI will be used in constructing national and regional income accounts in the country, determining and comparing regional economic structures, and formulating plans and policies of the government in the attainment of economic goals.
The conduct of the ASPBI is governed by legislative acts and presidential directives, specifically Commonwealth Act No. 591 which was approved on August 19, 1940.
Scope and Coverage
The 2010 ASPBI covered establishments engaged in 18 economic sections classified under the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial classification (PSIC) namely:
- Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (A)
- Mining and Quarrying (B)
- Manufacturing (C)
- Electricity, Gas, Steam, and Air Conditioning Supply (D)
- Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities (E)
- Construction (F)
- Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair and Maintenance of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles (G)
- Transportation and Storage (H)
- Accommodation and Food service activities (I)
- Information and Communication (J)
- Financial and Insurance Activities (K)
- Real Estate Activities (L)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities (M)
- Administrative and Support Service Activities (N)
- Education (P)
- Human Health and Social Activities (Q)
- Arts, Entertainment and Recreation (R)
- Other Service Activities (S)
The scope of the ASPBI was confined to "formal sector" only, which consists of the following:
- Corporations and partnership
- Cooperatives and foundations
- Single proprietorship with employment of 10 and over
- Single proprietorships with branches
Like all other establishment surveys conducted by the NSO, the 2010 ASPBI used establishment as the unit of enumeration. It is defined as "an economic unit under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, engaged in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location".
Classification of Establishments
Before the actual selection of samples, the establishments listed in the frame were classified based on economic organization EO), legal organization (LO), industrial classification, employment size, and geographic location.
Economic organizations relates to the organizational structure or role of the establishment in the organization. The following are the types of economic organization:
- Single establishment is an establishment which has neither branch nor main office
- Branch only is an establishment which has a separate main office located elsewhere
- Establishment and main office, both located in the same address and with branches elsewhere
- Main office only is the unit which controls, supervises and directs one or more establishments of an enterprise
- Ancillary unit other than main office is the unit that operates primarily or exclusively for a related establishment or group of related establishments or its parent establishment and provides goods or services that support but do not become part of the output of those establishments
The legal organization provides the legal basis for ownership of the establishment. The following are the types of legal organization:
- Single Proprietorship refers to a business establishment organized, owned, and managed by one person, who alone assumes the risk of the business enterprise. The establishment name is that of a person, or it has words such as Owner, Proprietor or Operator
- Partnership refers to an association of two or more individuals for the conduct of a business enterprise based upon an agreement or contract between or among them to contribute money, property or industry into a common fund with the intention of dividing profits among themselves. The establishment name includes words such as Owners , Partners, Limited or LTD., Associates or ASSOCS
- Government Corporation is a private corporation organized for private aim, benefit or purpose and owned and controlled by the government. The establishment name included words such as Corporation or CORP., INCORPORATED or INC
- Private Corporation is a corporation organized by private persons. The establishment name includes words such Corporation or Corp, Incorporated or INC
- Cooperative the establishment name includes words such as Cooperative or COOP
The industrial classification of an economic unit is determined by the activity from which it derives its major income or revenue. The 2009 PSIC is utilized to classify units according to their economic activities. It was approved for adoption by government agencies and instrumentalities through NSCB Resolution No. 2 Series 2010 signed on February 10, 2010. It will be used for the 1st time for the ASPBI.
The 2009 PSIC consists of an alpha character and 5 numeric digits. The alpha character, which represents the major section, is denoted by the characters A to U. They also refer to section classification. The first two numeric digits represent the division; the first three numeric digits, the group; the first four digits, the class; and the 5 digits, the sub-class.
The size of the establishment establishment is determined by its total employment (TE). The following are the employment size classification used in the 2010 ASPBI:
The geographic or physical location of the establishments was classified in accordance with the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) as of December 31, 2010 which contains the latest updates on the number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
The geographic domains of the 2010 ASPBI for establishments with TE of 20 and over are the 17 administrative regions while the whole country serves as the geographic domain for establishments with TE of less than 20.
Hence, the samples of the 2010 ASPBI with TE of 20 and over shall provide data for 17 administrative regions. For samples with TE of less than 20, the data that will be presented is limited only at the national level.
A total of 1,796 or 94.3 percent of sample establishments responded. These include receipts of “good” questionnaires, partially accomplished questionnaires, reports of closed, moved out or out of scope establishments.
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
Economic activity or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Generally, the main activity of the establishment is the establishment's principal source of income. If the establishment is engaged in several activities, its main activity is that which earns the biggest income or revenue.
Total employment is the number of persons who worked in or for this establishment as of November 15, 2010.
Paid employees are all persons working in the establishment and receiving pay, as well as those working away from the establishment paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are all employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers, workers receiving pure commissions only, and workers on indefinite leave.
Salaries and wages are payments in cash or in kind to all employees, prior to deductions for employee's contributions to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue is the value of goods, products/by-products sold and/or services rendered to others whether paid in cash or is considered receivable by the establishment. Valuation of products/by products sold should be in producer's price (ex-establishment), net of discounts and allowances, including duties and charges but excluding subsidies. It also include goods transferred and/or services rendered to other establishment belonging to the same enterprise as the said establishment which should be treated as sales or as if sold to a customer; and revenue from products on a contractual basis from materials supplied by the establishment.
Cost refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at purchaser price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.
Fixed assets are physical assets expected to have productive lives of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, other structures and land improvements, transport equipment, machinery and equipment, furniture, fixtures, and other fixed assets.
Book value of tangible fixed assets is the initial value or acquisition cost of tangible fixed assets less the accumulated depreciation.
Gross additions to tangible fixed assets is the sum of cost of new and used fixed assets acquired during the year, cost of alteration and improvements done by others and cost of fixed assets produced by the establishment less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Valued added is gross output less intermediate input.
Gross output for accommodation and food service activities is the sum of the total revenue (less interest income, rent income from land, dividend income, royalty income and franchise income), capital expenditures of fixed assets produced on own account and change in inventories.
Intermediate cost is equal to the sum of the following cost items: materials and supplies purchased; fuels, lubricants, oils and greases purchased; electricity and water purchased; cost of industrial services done by others; cost of non-industrial services done by others (less rent expense for land); goods purchased for resale; research and experimental development expense; environmental protection expense; royalty fee; franchise fee and other cost less change in inventories of materials and supplies, fuels, lubricants, oils and greases and goods for resale.
Inventories refer to the stocks of goods owned by and under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser’s price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Change in Inventories is equivalent to the total value of inventories at the end of the year less the value at the beginning of the year.
Subsidies are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to aid and develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.