2012 Census of Philippine Business and Industry - Information and Communication for All Establishments : Final Results

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Thursday, February 26, 2015


Other telecommunications activities leads among industries

The final results of the 2012 Census of Philippine Business and Industry conducted nationwide covered a total of 4,862 establishments engaged in Information and Communication activities. Establishments with total employment (TE) of less than 20 comprised 4,095 (84.2%) of the total establishments while the remaining 767 (15.8%) were establishments with TE of 20 and over.

Other telecommunications activities led the sector with 2,710 (55.7%). Most of these establishments were engaged in internet access in facilities open to the public service activities or internet cafes. Computer programming, consultancy and related activities followed with 671 (13.8%) establishments. Satellite telecommunications activities trailed in third place with 339 (7.0%) establishments. Figure 1 shows the percentage distribution of establishment by industry group in 2012.

Figure 1


Most of the establishments are in National Capital Region (NCR)

At the regional level, NCR had the most number of establishments with 1,804 or 37.1 percent of the total. CALABARZON placed second with 521 establishments (10.7%) followed by Central Visayas with 401 (8.2%) establishments.


Computer programming, consultancy and related activities generate highest employment

Information and communication sector provided employment to 144,770 workers in 2012. Of the total workforce, paid workers comprised 142,701 or 98.6 percent. Establishments with TE of 20 and over employed 123,229 or 85.1 percent of the total employment while establishments with TE of less than 20 shared 21,541 employees or 14.9 percent of the total.

Among industry groups, computer programming, consultancy and related activities generated the highest number of employees with 42,102 (29.1%) workers. This was followed by data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals with 27,077 (18.7%) workers. Wired telecommunications activities ranked third among the industries that hired 16,727 (11.6%) workers. Figure 2 shows the distribution of employment by industry group.

Figure 2


Among the regions, NCR was the top employer with 109,132 employees (75.4%). Workers located in Central Visayas and Central Luzon followed with 13,066 (9.0%) and 4,724 (3.3%), respectively.

The sector’s average employment stood at 30 employees per establishment. Wired telecommunications activities registered the highest national average at 242 employees per establishment. Data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals came in second with 238 employees per establishment. It was followed by wireless telecommunications activities with 143 employees per establishment.


Computer programming, consultancy and related activities pays the highest compensation

Total compensation paid by Information and Communication sector amounted to PHP74.5 billion, an equivalent of PHP522,386 average annual compensation. Establishments with TE of 20 and over remunerated their workers with PHP70.6 billion or 94.7 percent of the total compensation while 5.3 percent of the total or PHP3.9 billion were contributed by establishments with TE of less than 20.

By industry group, computer programming, consultancy and related activities paid the highest compensation to its employees amounting to almost PHP23.0 billion or 30.8 percent of the total. Wired telecommunications activities remunerated its employees with PHP20.3 billion or 27.2 percent while workers in data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals received payment worth PHP9.7 billion (13.0%). Figure 3 shows the compensation by industry for the section.

Figure 3


Regionwise, NCR was the highest in labor payments with PHP66.3 billion compensation paid or 88.9 percent of the total. Central Visayas followed with PHP4.1 billion or 5.5 percent of the total compensation paid by the sector. Central Luzon was in third place with PHP819.7 million or 1.1 percent of the total.


Employees in wired telecommunications activities earn the highest with PHP1.2 million

Wired telecommunications activities employees were the highest earners in 2012 with an average annual compensation of PHP1.2 million. Employees in television programming and broadcasting activities and software publishing followed next with PHP749,919 and PHP651,080, respectively. On the other hand, other telecommunications activities employees received the lowest annual pay of PHP214,777. Figure 4 shows five leading industries with highest annual compensation in 2012.

Figure 4


By region, NCR-based workers received the highest average annual compensation with PHP610,826 followed by Central Visayas-based workers with PHP318,167. Employees from Western Visayas came in third with PHP261,972 average annual remuneration.


Wired telecommunications activities, highest in income and expense

Income generated for the section in 2012 was estimated at PHP465.3 billion. Establishments with TE of 20 and over shared the largest income amounting to PHP445.6 billion or 95.8 percent. On the other hand, establishments with TE of less than 20 contributed PHP19.8 billion or 4.2 percent of the total income.

The top revenue generators were the following: wired telecommunications activities with PHP198.3 billion (42.6%), wireless telecommunications activities with PHP78.3 billion (16.8%), and computer programming, consultancy and related activities with PHP65.8 billion (14.2%).

Most of the revenue of the section came from NCR with PHP439.4 billion (94.4%). Central Visayas contributed PHP8.5 billion (1.8%) and CALABARZON shared PHP3.3 billion (0.7%).

Total expense including compensation reached PHP363.7 billion. Most of these expenses came from establishments with TE of 20 and over with PHP346.9 billion or 95.4 percent of the total expense. Establishments with TE of less than 20 spent PHP16.7 billion or 4.6 percent of the total.

More than a third of the total was spent by wired telecommunications activities with PHP123.5 billion (34.0%). Wireless telecommunications activities incurred the second highest cost with PHP65.6 billion (18.0%) followed by computer programming, consultancy and related activities with PHP62.6 billion (17.2%).

Regionwise, NCR incurred the highest cost amounting to PHP341.9 billion (94.0%) followed by Central Visayas with PHP7.2 billion or 2.0 percent while Central Luzon came in third with PHP2.7 billion or 0.7 percent of the total. Figure 5 shows the distribution of income and expense by industry group for the section in 2012.

Figure 5


Income-expense ratio stands at 1.28

The sector generated an income of PHP1.28 for every peso spent. Among industries, wired telecommunications activities recorded the highest income-expense ratio with PHP1.61 followed by motion picture, video and television programme activities with PHP1.36. Sound recording and music publishing activities came in third with PHP1.28.


Value added amounts to PHP229.7 billion

Value added was estimated at PHP229.7 billion. More than half of the total value added was shared by wired telecommunications activities with PHP125.7 billion (54.7%). Computer programming, consultancy and related activities followed next with PHP30.3 billion (13.2%) and wireless telecommunications activities with PHP22.7 billion (9.9%).  Figure 6 shows the value added by industry for the section.


Figure 6


At regional level, NCR reported the highest value added contributing 93.3 percent of the total or PHP214.3 billion. Central Visayas and CALABARZON followed next with PHP6.0 billion (2.6%) and PHP1.7 billion (0.7%), respectively.


Employees from wired telecommunications activities, most productive in 2012

Value added per employee, a measure of labor productivity, was estimated at PHP1.6 million per employee. Among industries, wired telecommunications activities had the highest average of PHP7.5 million followed by wireless telecommunications activities with PHP3.0 million and by motion picture, video and television programme activities PHP1.4 million.


Change in inventories posts negative value of PHP20.3 million

Change in inventories, defined as the value of ending inventory less the beginning, amounted to negative PHP20.3 million in 2012. Among the five industries that recorded positive change in inventories, wireless telecommunications activities recorded the highest with PHP282.5 million. On the other hand, wired telecommunications activities registered the lowest change in inventories amounting to negative PHP402.1 million.


Gross additions to fixed assets accumulates to PHP65.2 billion

Gross additions to fixed assets in 2012 totaled to PHP65.2 billion with the wired telecommunications activities recording the highest value of PHP32.1 billion (49.3%). Wireless telecommunications activities followed with PHP21.8 billion (33.4%) and television programming and broadcasting activities with PHP5.8 billion (8.9%).


Government grants PHP329 thousand subsidies

Subsidies are special grants received from the government in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege to aid and develop an industry. For 2012, only computer programming, consultancy and related activities was granted government subsidies amounting to PHP329 thousand.


Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities earn PHP202.0 million in E-commerce

E-Commerce refers to the selling of products or services over electronic systems. In 2012, sales from E-commerce amounted to PHP289.0 million. Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities had the biggest share for the industry amounting to PHP202.0 million.




This Special Release presents the preliminary results of the 2012 Census of Philippine Business and Industry (CPBI) for the Information and Communication sector for all establishments.

The 2012 CPBI is the forerunner of the 2006 CPBI and one of the designated statistical activities of the former National Statistics Office (NSO) now Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). Data collected from the census will provide information on the levels, structure, performance and trends of economic activities of the formal sector of the economy for the reference period 2012.  It will also serve as benchmark information in the measurement and comparison of national and regional economic growth.

To provide establishment respondents ease in accomplishing the 2012 CPBI questionnaires, the income and expense account in the Financial Statement of establishment was adopted in the design of 2012 CPBI sectoralquestionnaires. Income and revenue have the same concept in recording financial transaction of establishments while expense is cost incurred on a consumed basis.

Data collection was intensified through the use of web-based or online accomplishment of questionnaire through the NSO website and downloading of e-questionnaire and submission thru e-mail.


Legal Authority

The conduct of the CPBI is governed by authority of the following legislative acts and presidential directives:

  • Commonwealth Act No. 591 An Act to Create the Bureau of the Census and Statistics to consolidate statistical activities of the government therein which was approved on August 19, 1940. This empowers the Bureau, among other things, to prepare for and undertake all censuses of population, agriculture, industry and commerce.

  • Presidential Decree No. 418 dated March 20, 1974 reconstituted the Bureau of the Census and Statistics as a new agency to be known as the National Census and Statistics Office (NCSO), under the administrative supervision of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA).

  • Executive Order No. 121 Reorganization Act of the Philippine Statistical System, dated August 4, 1987 renamed the National Census and Statistics Office (NCSO) to National Statistics Office which shall be the major statistical agency responsible for generating general purpose statistics and undertaking such censuses and surveys.

  • Executive Order 352 Designation of Statistical Activities that will generate critical data for decision-making by the Government and the Private Sector, dated July 1, 1996.

  • Executive Order 5 Strengthening the National Statistics Office, dated July 29, 1998.


Scope and coverage

The 2012 CPBI was a nationwide undertaking confined to the formal sector of the economy and as such excluded the informal sector. The following comprise the formal sector:

1. Corporations and partnerships

2. Cooperatives and foundations

3. Single establishment with employment of 10 or more

4. Single proprietorship with branches

The scope of the ASPBI was confined to “formal sector” only, which consists of the following:.

  • All establishments with total employment (TE) of 10 or more, and; 

  • All establishments with TE of less than 10, except those establishments with Legal Organization = 1 (single proprietorship) and Economic Organization = 1 (single establishment), that are engaged in economic activities classified according to the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classificatin (PSIC). 

The initial count of the 2012 List of Establishments (LE), the frame used to draw the sample establishments for the 2012 CPBI, registered a total of 945,000 establishments in operation nationwide in 2012.  Out of this number, 72 percent or 680,400 establishments belong to the informal sector and only 28 percent or 262,800 establishments made up of the formal sector.

Listed below are the 18 economic sectors within the scope of the 2012 CPBI classified under the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (A) 

  • Mining and Quarrying (B) 

  • Manufacturing (C)

  • Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply (D)

  • Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities (E) 

  • Construction (F)

  • Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles (G)

  • Transport and Storage (H)

  • Accommodation and Food Service Activities (I) 

  • Information and Communication (J)

  • Financial and Insurance Activities (K)

  • Real Estate Activities (L)

  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities (M) 

  • Administrative and Support Service Activities (N)

  • Private Education (P)

  • Human Health and Social Work Activities (Q) 

  • Arts Entertainment, and Recreation (R)

  • Other Service Activities (S)


Unit of Enumeration

The unit of enumeration for the 2012 CPBI was the establishment. An establishment is defined as an economic unit, which engages, under a single ownership or control, in one or predominantly one kind of activity at a single fixed physical location.


Classification of Establishments

An establishment is categorized by its economic organization (EO), legal organization (LO), industrial classification, employment size, and geographic location.

Economic organization (EO).   This refers to the organizational structure or role of the establishment in the organization. The following are the types of economic organization:

  • Single establishment (EO=1) is an establishment which has neither branch nor main office.  It may have ancillary unit/s, other than main office, located elsewhere. 

  • Branch (EO=2) is an establishment which has a separate main office located elsewhere.

  • Establishment and main office (EO=3) is one where the establishments is located in the same address as the main office and with branch/es elsewhere.

  • Main Office (EO=4) is a unit which controls, supervises and directs one or more establishments of an enterprise.

  • Ancillary unit other than Main Office (EO=5) is a unit that operates primarily or exclusively for a related establishment or group of related establishments or its parent establishment and provides services that support those establishments.

Legal organization (LO) This refers to the legal form of the economic entity provides the legal basis for ownership of the establishment. The following are the types of legal organization:

  • Single Proprietorship (LO=1) refers to a business establishment organized, owned, and managed by one person, who alone assumes the risk of the business enterprise.  A sole propietorship must apply for a business name and be registered with the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). 

  • Partnership (LO=2) refers to an association of two or more individuals for the conduct of a business enterprise based upon an agreement or contract between or among them to contribute money, property or industry into a common fund with the intention of dividing profits among themselves. 

  • Government Corporation (LO=3) also called Government-Owned or Controlled Corporation (GOCC) refers to a corporation organized for private aim, benefit or purpose with the government as the major stockholder, regardless of whatever they are stock or non-stock corporations. 

  • Stock Corporation (LO=4) refers to an ordinary business corporation organized by private persons, created and operated for the purpose of making a profit which may be distributed in the form of dividends to stockholders on the basis of their invested capital.

  • Non Stock, Non-profit Corporation (LO=5) refers to a business corporation which does not issue stock to its members and are created not to profit but for the public good and welfare. Of this character are most of the religious, social, charitable, educational, literary scientific, civic and political organizations and societies.

  • Cooperative (LO=6) refers to an organization composed primarily of small producers and/or consumers who voluntarily join together to form a business enterprise which they themselves own, control and patronize.

  • Others (LO=7) refer to an organization not classified in any of the above classification. It includes private associations, foundations, Non-Governmental Organizations, or other forms of legal organizations.

Industrial Classification.  The Industrial Classification of an economic unit is determined by the activity from which it derives its major income or revenue. The 2009 PSIC which was approved for adoption by government agencies and instrumentalities through NSCB Resolution No. 2 Series 2010 was utilized to classify economic units according to their economic activities.

Size (SZ) of the Unit of Enumeration.  The size of an economic unit is determined by its total employment (TE) as of specific date. Total employment (TE) refers to the total number of persons who work in or for the establishment/enterprise. This includes paid employees, working owners, unpaid workers and all employees who work full-time or part-time including seasonal workers. Included also are persons on short term leave such as those on sick, vacation or annual leaves and on strike.

The following are the size codes and corresponding total employment used in the 2012CPBI: 

0 1 - 4 5 100 - 199
1 5 - 9 6 200 - 499
2 10 - 19 7 500 - 999
3 20 - 49 8 1000 - 1999
4 50 - 99 9 2000 & Over
TE Code Total Employment TE Code Total Employment

Geographic Classification.  Establishments are also classified by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) classification. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays in the Philippines. The latest PSGC as of September 30, 2012 was used for the 2012 CPBI.


Sampling Design

Selection of sample establishment for the 2012 CPBI was done using stratified systematic sampling with 3-digit or 5-digit PSIC serving as industry strata and employment size as the second stratification variable.


Response Rate

Field operations of the 2012 CPBI were scheduled from April to July 2013. As of July 2013, only 61.2 percent of the total sample questionnaires were received at the Central Office. About 90.2 percent collection of questionnaires was achieved only on November 2013.

Total response rate for Information and Communication sector was 91.9 percent (2,786 out of 3,032 establishments). This included receipts of "good" questionnaires, partially accomplished questionnaires, reports of closed, moved out or out of scope establishments.

Of the total responses, 39 establishments responded online,two sample establishments accomplished e-questionnaire and seven establishments submitted in portable document format (PDF) through e-mail.

For establishments with TE 20 and over, the response rate was 92.7 percent.




Economic activity is the establishment’s source of income. If the establishment is engaged in several activities, its main economic activity is that which earns the biggest income or revenue.

Total employment is the number of persons who worked in for the establishment as of November 15, 2012.

Paid employees are all persons working in the establishment and receiving pay, as well as those working away from the establishment paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are all employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers, receiving pure commissions only, and workers on indefinite leave.

Compensation includes salaries and wages, separation/retirement/terminal pay, gratuities, and payments made by the employer in behalf of the employees such as contribution to SSS/GSIS, ECC, PhilHealth, Pag-ibig, etc.

Salaries and wages are payments in cash or in kind to all employees, prior to deductions for employee’s contributions to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.

Income or Revenue refers to cash received and receivables for goods/products and by-products sold and services rendered.

Cost refers to all expenses incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation is at purchaser prices including taxes and other charges, net of rebates, returns and allowances. Goods and services received by the establishment from other establishments of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.

Expense refers to cost incurred by the establishment during the year whether paid or payable. This is treated on a consumed basis.

Value added is gross output less intermediate input. Gross output for information and communication is the sum of the total revenue (less interest income, rent income from land, dividend income, royalty income and franchise income), capital expenditures of fixed assets produced on own account and change in inventories. Intermediate input is equal to the sum of the following cost items: materials and supplies purchased; fuels, lubricants, oils and greases purchased; electricity purchased;water purchased; cost of industrial services done by others; cost of non-industrial services done by others; goods purchased for resale; research and development expense; environmental protection expense; royalty fee; franchise fee and other cost.

Gross addition to tangible fixed assets is equal to capital expenditures less sale of fixed assets, including land.

Change in inventories is equivalent to the value of inventories at the end of the year less the value of inventories at the beginning of the year.

Inventories refer to the stock of goods owned by and under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation is at current replacement cost in purchaser prices. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original cost.

Subsidies are all special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to aid and develop an industry.

Total assets are resources including land owned and/or controlled by the establishment as a result of past transactions and events from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the establishments.

E-Commerce refers to the selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet Protocol-based networks and other computer networks, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) network, or other on-line system.

Source:   Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistics Office
               Manila, Philippines