2016 Occupational Wages Survey (OWS)

Reference Number: 

2017-112

Release Date: 

Friday, September 15, 2017
 
TOP TEN HIGHLY-PAID OCCUPATIONS IN 2016
 
  • From among various time-rated workers on full-time basis, aircraft pilots, navigators and flight engineers received the highest monthly wage rate in the amount of P116,714 in 2016 (Table 1). 
  • This was followed by securities and finance dealers and brokers with monthly pay of P89,831.Civil engineers and actuaries came next in the 3rd and 4th slots with P68,957 and P60,477, respectively. 
  • Other highly paid occupations in 2016 include computer programmers (P52,331); system analysts and designers (P51,069); computer engineers (P49,335); accountants and auditors (P47,756); production supervisors and general foremen (P47,101); and statisticians (P41,480).
 
TABLE 1–Top Ten Highly-Paid Occupations, Philippines: 2016
 
RANK SPECIFIC OCCUPATION Ave. Monthly Wage Rate (P)
1 Aircraft Pilots, Navigators and Flight Engineers 116,714
2 Securities and Finance Dealers and Brokers  89,831
3 Civil Engineers 68,957
4 Actuaries  60,477
5 Computer Programmers 52,331
6 System Analysts and Designers 51,069
7 Computer Engineers  49,335
8 Accountants and Auditors 47,756
9 Production Supervisors and General Foremen 47,101
10 Statisticians 41,480

Notes:

  1. Data based on average monthly wage rates of time-rated workers on full-time basis in establishments employing 20 or more workers.

  2. Wage rate is the sum of basic pay and regular/guaranteed allowances.

  3. Time-rated workers on full-time basis refer to workers paid on the basis of an hour, day or month and who work at jobs with hours of work equal to or more than those considered normal or regular to the establishment. 

Source:  2016 Occupational Wages Survey (OWS). 

 
 
AVERAGE MONTHLY WAGE RATES OF BENCHMARK OCCUPATIONS
 
  1. Accounting and Bookkeeping Clerks
     
  • The average monthly wage rate of accounting and bookkeeping clerks for all industries in 2016 was P14,663, slightly higher by 4.8 percent compared to P13,994 in 2014 (Table 2).
  • Classified by major industry group, accounting and bookkeeping clerks engaged in information and communications industry received the highest average monthly wage rate in the amount of P21,492, which was P6,829 higher than the  P14,663 average monthly wage rate for all industries during the year. 
  • The wage rates in agriculture, forestry and fishing was P11,162 per month. 
     

       2. Unskilled Workers (Except Janitors, Messengers and Freight Handlers)

  • The average monthly wage rate for unskilled workers for all industries reached P10,162 in 2016. This is relatively higher than the P9,652 average wage rates posted in 2014.
  • Unskilled workers employed in professional, scientific and technical activities were paid the highest average monthly wage rate of P13,010, which was 28.1 percent higher than the P10,158 wage rates for all industries.
  • Meanwhile, the average monthly wage rate in the mining and quarrying industry was registered at P7,541.
 
 
TABLE 2 – Average Monthly Wage Rates of Benchmark Occupations by Major Industry Group, Philippines: 2016
 
2009 Phil. Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) Code MAJOR/SELECTED INDUSTRY GROUP  AVERAGE MONTHLY WAGE RATE (P) 
Accounting and Bookkeeping Clerks Unskilled Workers Except Janitors, Messengers and Freight Handlers
  ALL INDUSTRIES 14,663 10,162
A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 11,162 7,836
B Mining and Quarrying  16,068 7,541
C Manufacturing  15,513 10,473
D35 Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply  21,395 11,605
E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 20,679 9,299
F41/F42/F/43 Construction  14,959 10,888
G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  12,360 9,645
H Transportation and Storage 16,665 10,181
I55/I56 Accommodation and Food Service Activities  13,705 9,449
J Information and Communications 21,492 12,923
K Financial and Insurance Activities  14,555 8,580
L68 Real Estate Activities 15,312 9,497
M Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities  18,161 13,010
N Administrative and Support Service Activities 17,451 11,748
P85 Education Except Public Education 15,222 9,096
Q Human Health and Social Work Activities  12,597 9,717
R Arts, Entertainment and Recreation  19,382 10,538
S95/S96 Repair of Computers and Personal and Household Goods; Other Personal Service Activities  15,509 7,825
Notes:
  1. Data based on average monthly wage rates of time-rated workers on full-time basis in establishments employing 20 or more workers.
  2. Wage rate is the sum of basic pay and regular/guaranteed allowances.
  3. Time-rated workers on full-time basis refer to workers paid on the basis of an hour, day or month and who work at jobs with hours of work equal to or more than those considered normal or regular to the establishment. 
Source:  2016 Occupational Wages Survey (OWS).

 

 

MEDIAN MONTHLY BASIC PAY OF TIME-RATED WORKERS  ON FULL-TIME BASIS 

  •  The median monthly basic pay of time-rated workers on full-time basis was posted at P12,013 in 2016, an increase of 2.2 percent from P11,756 in 2014 (Table 3). 
  • By major industry group, ten (10) out of the 18 selected industries in 2016 had higher median monthly basic pay than the all industries level of P12,013.
  • Specifically, time-rated workers in information and communications industry received the highest median monthly basic pay in both 2016 and 2014 with P21,399 and P22,262,
    respectively. This was followed by employees involved in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply with P20,400.
  • Median monthly basic pay in agriculture, forestry and fishing was registered at P7,927 which was lower than the P8,449 received in 2014.  

 

TABLE 3 – Median Monthly Basic Pay of Time-Rate Workers on Full-Time Basis by Major Industry Group, Philippines:  2014 and 2016

2009 Phil. Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) Code MAJOR/SELECTED INDUSTRY GROUP  MEDIAN MONTHLY BASIC PAY (P) 
2016 2014
  ALL INDUSTRIES 12,013 11,756
A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 7,927 8,449
B Mining and Quarrying  10,980 9,415
C Manufacturing  10,239 9,707
D35 Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply  20,400 17,961
E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 13,478 12,720
F41/F42/F/43 Construction  11,612 11,486
G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  11,396   11,288
H Transportation and Storage 12,665 12,479
I55/I56 Accommodation and Food Service Activities  10,339 11,337
J Information and Communications 21,399 22,262
K Financial and Insurance Activities  16,820 15,400
L68 Real Estate Activities 15,892 14,795
M Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities  19,576 17,612
N Administrative and Support Service Activities 13,210 12,384
P85 Education Except Public Education 13,967 12,766
Q Human Health and Social Work Activities  11,434 10,856
R Arts, Entertainment and Recreation  11,434 10,735
S95/S96 Repair of Computers and Personal and Household Goods; Other Personal Service Activities  12,173 11,748
Notes:
  1. Median divides the wage distribution into two equal parts. It is the value where half of the distribution receive more while the other half receive less. 
  2. Wage rate is the sum of basic pay and regular/guaranteed allowances.
  3. Time-rated workers on full-time basis refer to workers paid on the basis of an hour, day or month and who work at jobs with hours of work equal to or more than those considered normal or regular to the establishment. 
Source:  2014 and 2016 Occupational Wages Survey (OWS).

 

 
Technical Notes: 
 
The 2016 Occupational Wages Survey (OWS) is a nationwide survey of establishments which employ 20 or more workers. It is conducted every two (2) years to monitor the wage rates of at most 11 occupations in each of the pre-determined 51 agricultural and non-agricultural industries out of the 69 industries.  The main objective of the survey is to generate statistics for wage and salary administration and wage determination in collective bargaining. 
 
Specifically, statistics on wage rates are useful economic indicators and are inputs to wage, income, productivity and price policies, wage fixing collective bargaining. In particular, occupational wage rates can be used to measure wage differentials, wage inequality in typical low wage and high wage occupations and for international comparability. Industry data on basic pay and allowances can be used to measure wage differentials across industries, for investment decisions and as reference in periodic adjustments of minimum wages. 
 
The reference period for the OWS 2016 covers the pay period that includes July 31, 2016. The main topics covered by the survey include occupational wage rates, median basic pay and median allowance of time-rated workers on full-time basis. The data category on “average monthly occupational wage rate of selected occupations” is an important indicator being one of the variables listed by the Philippine government under the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The SDDS serves as reference to member countries in the dissemination of economic and financial data. 
 
 
 
DEFINITION OF TERMS: 
 
Wage rate – sum of basic pay and regular/guaranteed allowances.
 
Basic pay – pay for normal/regular working time before deductions for employees’ social security contributions and withholding taxes. It excludes overtime, night shift differential and other premium pay; commissions, tips and share of employees in service charge; and payment in kind.
 
Allowances- regular/guaranteed cash payments. These include living allowances but exclude reimbursements for travel, entertainment, meals and other expenses, etc. incurred in conducting the business of the employer; cost of uniform/working clothes; bonuses and gratuities; and family allowances.
 
Time-rated workers on full-time basis- workers paid on the basis of a time unit of work and who work at jobs with hours of work equal to or more than those considered as normal or regular to the establishments. 
 
Median – divides the wage distribution into two equal parts. It is the value where half of the distribution receive more while the other half receive less. 
 
 
 
LISA GRACE S. BERSALES, Ph. D.
Undersecretary
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General

 

 

 

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