TABLE A Comparative Summary Statistics for Human Health and Social Work Establishments with Total Employment of 20 and Over: Philippines, 2017 and 2016
Hospital activities industry leads in terms of number of establishments
The preliminary results of the 2017 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) showed that a total of 1,096 establishments with total employment (TE) of 20 and over in the formal sector of the economy were engaged in human health and social work activities. This is higher by 2.0 percent from the 1,075 total establishments for the sector in 2016.
Among the industry groups, hospital activities led the sector in terms of number of establishments with 699 establishments or 63.8 percent of the total establishments in human health and social work activities. This was followed by medical and dental practice activities with 283 establishments (25.8%) and other social work activities without accomodation, n.e.c. with 52 establishments (4.7%).
Figure 1 shows the percentage distribution of the number of establishments with TE of 20 and over engaged in human health and social work activities by industry group in 2017.
Among the regions, the National Capital Region (NCR) had the most number of establishments of 322 or 29.4 percent of the total. Number of establishments for human health and social work activities in CALABARZON and Central Luzon placed second and third with 177 establishments (16.1%) and 100 establishments (9.1%), respectively.
Hospital activities industry generates highest employment
The total employment of human health and social work activities sector in 2017 reached 145,739 workers. This reflects an increase of 3.3 percent from 141,105 workers recorded in 2016. Of the total workforce, 144,963 workers or 99.5 percent were paid employees while the remaining were working owners and unpaid workers.
By industry group, hospital activities employed the highest number of workers of 124,870 or 85.7 percent of the total employment of human health and social work activities. Medical and dental practice activities, and other social work activities without accommodation, n.e.c. distantly followed with 14,957 workers (10.3%) and 3,187 workers (2.2 %), respectively.
Figure 2 shows the distribution of employment for establishments with TE of 20 and over for the sector by industry group in 2017.
NCR topped other regions in generating jobs for 45,401 workers (31.2%). This was followed by CALABARZON and Central Visayas with 22,930 workers (15.7%) and 13,081 workers (9.0%), respectively.
The sector recorded an average of 133 workers per establishment with hospital activities posting the highest average workers per establishment of 179, among the industries. This was followed by other social work activities without accommodation, n.e.c. with 61 workers per establishment.
Other human health activities industry pays the highest average annual compensation
Human health and social work establishments with TE of 20 and over paid a total compensation of PHP33.6 billion in 2017. This translates to an average annual compensation of PHP232.0 thousand per paid employee in 2017, higher by 2.2 percent from the PHP227.0 thousand average annual compensation per paid employee in 2016.
By industry group, other human health activities paid the highest average annual compensation of PHP374.2 thousand per paid employee. Social work activities without accommodation for the elderly and disabled followed with an average annual pay of PHP360.4 thousand per paid employee. On the other hand, residential care activities for mental retardation, mental health and substance abuse paid the least average annual compensation of PHP204.3 thousand per paid employee.
Figure 3 displays the average annual compensation of paid employees for the top five industries of the sector for establishments with TE of 20 and over by industry group in 2017.
By region, NCR paid the highest average annual compensation of PHP329.5 thousand per paid employee while ARMM recorded the lowest at PHP117.0 thousand per paid employee in 2017.
Hospital activities industry contributes the highest to total income and expense
In 2017, the total income generated by establishments with TE of 20 and over reached PHP166.8 billion. This represents an increase of 9.7 percent from the total income generated in 2016 at PHP152.1 billion. Hospital activities contributed the highest share amounting to PHP138.0 billion or 82.7 percent of the total income.
The top three regions, in terms of income generation, comprised 66.8 percent of the total income. NCR earned the highest income amounting to PHP72.4 billion (43.4%), followed by CALABARZON and Central Visayas with respective shares of PHP23.9 billion (14.3%) and PHP15.0 billion (9.0 %).
On the other hand, total expense incurred by establishments with TE of 20 and over amounted to PHP140.3 billion, an increase of 7.1 percent from that in 2016 at PHP130.9 billion. Among the industries, hospital activities incurred the highest expense of PHP116.1 billion (82.8%), while social work activities without accommodation for the elderly and disabled recorded the least, PHP139.5 million (0.1%).
Across the country, NCR emerged as the top spender with expense of PHP62.2 billion (44.3%), followed by CALABARZON and Central Visayas with PHP20.2 billion (14.4%) and PHP13.1 billion (9.3%), respectively.
Establishments with TE of 20 and over generated an income per peso expense of 1.19 in 2017, slightly higher by 2.6 percent than the income per peso expense of 1.16 in 2016. This means that for every peso spent in the operation of the business, an income of PHP1.19 was generated. By industry, other residential care activities, n.e.c. generated the highest income per peso expense of 1.62.
Value added amounts to PHP76.4 billion
The total value added generated by establishments with TE of 20 and over was estimated at PHP76.4 billion in 2017. This represents an increase of 8.5 percent from the PHP70.4 billion total value added recorded in 2016.
Among the industries, hospital activities posted the highest value added in 2017 amounting to PHP63.6 billion or 83.3 percent of the total value added.
Labor productivity, defined as the ratio of value added to total employment, was estimated at PHP523.9 thousand per worker in 2017.
By industry group, other social work activities without accommodation, n.e.c. emerged as the most labor productive industry with PHP1,111.6 thousand per worker. This was followed by other human health activities with labor productivity of PHP995.5 thousand per worker.
Figure 4 presents the five most labor productive industries of the sector for establishments with TE of 20 and over in 2017.
Among the regions, the most labor productive was NCR which registered a labor productivity of PHP712.5 thousand per worker. On the other hand, ARMM recorded the least with labor productivity of PHP235.3 thousand per worker.
ROSALINDA P. BAUTISTA
Sectoral Statistics Office
This Special Release presents the preliminary results of the 2017 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) for Human Health and Social Work Activities sector for establishments with total employment of 20 and over.
The ASPBI is one of the designated statistical activities of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). Data collected from the survey provide information on the levels, structure, performance, and trends of economic activities of the formal sector in the entire country in2017.
The survey was conducted nationwide in 2018 with 2017 as the reference period of data, except for employment which is as of 15 November 2017.
The Establishment Data Management System (EDMS) was utilized in the decentralized processing of survey returns in the provinces as well as in the online accomplishment of questionnaires through the PSA website.
Data are presented by industry group or 3-digit of the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) at the national and regional level.
The conduct of the 2017 ASPBI is authorized under Republic Act 10625, known as the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013, which mandates reorganizing and strengthening of the Philippine Statistical System (PSS), its agencies and instrumentalities.
Scope and Coverage
The 2017 ASPBI covered establishments engaged in 18 economic sectors classified under the 2009 PSIC, namely:
• Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (A)
• Mining and Quarrying (B)
• Manufacturing (C)
• Electricity, Gas, Steam, and Air Conditioning Supply (D)
• Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities (E)
• Construction (F)
• Wholesale and Retail Trade;Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles (G)
• Transportation and Storage (H)
• Accommodation and Food Service Activities (I)
• Information and Communication (J)
• Financial and Insurance Activities (K)
• Real Estate Activities (L)
• Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities (M)
• Administrative and Support Service Activities (N)
• Education (P)
• Human Health and Social Work Activities (Q)
• Arts, Entertainment and Recreation (R)
• Other Service Activities (S)
The survey was confined to the formal sector of the economy, which consists of the following:
• Corporations and partnership
• Cooperatives and foundations
• Single proprietorship with employment of 10 and over
• Single proprietorships with branches
Hence, the 2017 ASPBI covered only the following economic units:
• All establishments with total employment (TE) of 10 or more, and;
• All establishments with TE of less than 10, except those establishments with Legal Organization = 1 (single proprietorship) and Economic Organization = 1 (single establishment), that are engaged in economic activities classified according to the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).
Frame of Establishments
The frame for the 2017 ASPBI was extracted from the 2017 List of Establishments (LE). The estimated number of establishments in operation in the country in 2017 totaled to 917,582. About 228,112 establishments (24.9%) of the total establishments comprise the establishment frame or are within the scope and coverage of the 2017 ASPBI.
Unit of Enumeration
The unit of enumeration for the 2017 ASPBI is the establishment. An establishment is defined as an economic unit under a single ownership or control which engages in one or predominantly one kind of activity at a single fixed location.
Taxonomy of Establishments
An establishment is categorized by its economic organization, legal organization, industrial classification, employment size, and geographic location.
Economic Organization refers to the organizational structure or role of the establishment in the organization. An establishment may be single establishment, branch, establishment and main office with branches elsewhere, main office only, and ancillary unit other than main office.
Legal Organization refers to the legal form of the economic entity which owns the establishment. An establishment may be single proprietorship, partnership, government corporation, stock corporation, non-stock corporation, and cooperative.
Industrial classification of an economic unit was determined by the activity from which it derives its major income or revenue. The 2009 PSIC which was approved for adoption by government agencies and instrumentalities through NSCB Resolution No. 2 Series 2010 was utilized to classify economic units according to their economic activities.
Size of an establishment is determined by its TE as of a specific date. TE refers to the total number of persons who work in or for the establishment.
This includes paid employees, working owners, unpaid workers and all employees who work full-time or part-time including seasonal workers. Included also are persons on short term leave such as those on sick, vacation or annual leaves and on strike.
Geographic Classification refers to the grouping of establishments by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) classification. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays in the Philippines. The PSGC as of 31 December 2017 was used for the 2017 ASPBI.
The 2017 ASPBI uses a stratified systematic sampling with 5-digit PSIC serving as industry strata, and employment size as the second stratification variable.
For establishments with TE of 20 and over, the 17 administrative regions serve as the geographic domains while the 5-digit level of the 2009 PSIC serves as the industry domains.
Estimation Procedure for Establishments with TE of 20 and Over
a. Non-Certainty Stratum (strata of TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99) Sections A, C, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R and S.
The estimate of the total of a characteristicfor the non-certainty employment strata in TE of 20 and over for an industry domain in each region,
s = denotes the non-certainty employment strata in TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99
p= 1, 2,...,17 regions (geographic domains)
xspj = value of the jth establishment in the non-certainty employment strata in TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99for an industry domain in each region
j = 1, 2, 3,…,nsp establishments
Wspj = weight of the jth establishment in the non-certainty employment strata in TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99 for an industry domain in each region
Nsp = total number of establishments in the non-certainty employment strata in TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99 for an industry domain in each region
nsp = number of sample establishments in the non-certainty employment strata in TE 20 to 49 and TE 50 to 99 for an industry domain in each region
b. Certainty Stratum (Establishments under the following: Section B, D and J, ICT core industries, BPM industries, GOCCs, and with TE 20 and over)
The estimate of the total of a characteristic (X_cp) for the certainty employment stratum in an industry domain in each region,
c = denotes the certainty employment strata in TE of 20 and over
p = 1, 2,...,17 regions (geographic domains)
xcpj= value of the jth establishment in the certainty employment strata in TE of 20 and over for an industry domain within each region
j = 1, 2, 3, …,mcp establishments
mcp = number of establishments in the certainty employment strata in TE of 20 and over in an industry domain within each region
c. Total Estimate for TE of 20 and Over
The estimate of the total of a characteristic for the industry domain in each region (geographic domain) is obtained by aggregating the estimates for all employment strata (non-certainty and certainty) in the same industry domain,
Where d denotes the industry domains and p refers to region.
National level estimates of the characteristics by industry domain were obtained by aggregating separately the estimates for the particular industry domain from all the regions.
Weight Adjustment Factor for Non-Response
To account for non-response in the non-certainty strata, the adjustment factor (n/n’) was multiplied with the sampling weight (W) of each of the sampling unit. The sampling weight, defined as N/n, was recomputed as
Thus, the adjusted weight (W’spj) for the non-certainty employment stratum for the industry domain with TE 20-99 was.
Nsp = total number of establishments in the non-certainty employment stratum with TE 20-99 for the industry domain within each geographic domain (region)
n’sp = number of responding establishments in the non-certainty employment stratum with TE 20-99 for the industry domain within each geographic domain (region)
The response rate for Human Health and Social WorkActivities sector for establishments with TE of 20 and over was 86.1 percent (562 out of 653establishments). This included receipts of "good" questionnaires, partially accomplished questionnaires, reports of closed, moved out or out of scope establishments.
Of the total responses, 25 establishments responded online.
Reports of the remaining non-reporting establishments were taken from financial statements from Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and other available sources. Reports of establishments which were found to be duplicate of another establishment’s report, out-of-scope, and out of business in 2017 were not included in the generation of statistical tables.
Limitation of Data
The survey covered all economic activities of the Human Health and Social Work Activities sector except public medical, dental and other health services.
Concepts and Definitions of Terms
Change in inventories is equivalent to the value of inventories at the end of the year less the value of inventories at the beginning of the year.
Compensation is the sum of salaries and wages, separation/retirement/terminal pay, gratuities, and payments made by the employer in behalf of the employees such as contribution to SSS/GSIS, ECC, PhilHealth, Pag-ibig, etc.
E-commercerefers to the selling of products or services over electronic systems such as Internet Protocol-based networks and other computer networks. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) network, or other on-line system. Excluded are orders received from telephone, facsimile and e-mails.
Economic activity is the establishment’s source of income. If the establishment is engaged in several activities, its main economic activity is that which earns the biggest income or revenue.
Establishment is an economic unit under a single ownership and control, i. e. under a single entity, engaged in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location.
Expense refers to the cost incurred by the establishment during the year whether paid or payable. This is treated on a consumed basis. Valuation is at purchaser price including taxes and other charges, net of rebates, returns and allowances. Goods and services received by the establishment from other establishments of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.
Gross addition to tangible fixed assets is equal to capital expenditures less sale of fixed assets, including land.
Income or Revenue refers tocash received and receivables for goods/products andby-products sold and services rendered. Valuation is at producer prices (ex-establishment) net of discounts and allowances, including duties and taxes but excluding subsidies.
Inventories refer to the stock of goods owned by and under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation is at current replacement cost in purchaser prices. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original cost.
Paid employees are all persons working in the establishment and receiving pay, as well as those working away from the establishment paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are all employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers, receiving pure commissions only, and workers on indefinite leave.
Salaries and wages are payments in cash or in kind to all employees, prior to deductions for employee’s contributions to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, overtime pay and other benefits.
Subsidies are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to aid and develop an industry.
Total employment is the number of persons who worked in for the establishment as of15 November 2017.
Value added is gross output less intermediate input. Gross output for Human Health and Social Work Activities sectoris the sum of income from service rendered, real estate sales less real estate sold, commissions and fees earned, income from renting and leasing services of real estate properties,income from non-industrial service done for others (less rent income from land), sales of goods (less cost of goods sold), grants and donations, other income,capital expenditures of fixed assets produced on own account and change in inventories. Intermediate input is the sum of the following expense items: materials and supplies purchased; fuels, lubricants, oils and greases purchased; electricity purchased, water purchased; industrial services done by others; non-industrial services done by others (less rent expense for land); goods purchased for resale; research and development expense; environmental protection expense; royalty fee; franchise fee; and other expense.
See more at the Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) page.