Industry Section A includes ten industry groups covering the activities on exploitation of vegetal and animal natural resources, comprising the activities of growing crops, raising and breeding of animals, harvesting of timber and other plants, animals or animal products from a farm or their natural habitats. This section also includes support activities to agriculture and post-harvest activities.
Figure 1 presents selected statistics on the number of establishments, total employment, total revenue, total expense and total value added. It also includes ratios on employment per establishment, revenue per expense and value added per employee. Growth rates on these selected statistics and indicators from year 2012 based on results of the 2012 CPBI, are also presented.
Animal production dominated the agriculture sector in terms of number of establishments
In 2018, a total of 3,285 establishments were engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing industry. This represents a 33.5 percent increase from the 2,461 establishments recorded in 2012. (Table A)
Among industry groups, the animal production with 1,593 establishments accounted for the highest percent share (48.5%). (Table 1A, and Figure 2)
Growing of non-perennial crops with 500 establishments (15.2%), and support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities with 413 establishments (12.6%) ranked second and third, respectively. (Table 1A, and Figure 2)
About 1 out of 5 establishments were located in Central Luzon
Of the 3,285 establishments engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing, 17.8 percent are located in Central Luzon, placing the region on top among other regions in terms of count of establishments. (Table 3A)
Davao Region and CALABAZON followed with 370 establishments (11.3%) and 366 establishments (11.1%), respectively.
The Cordillera Administrative Region with 39 establishments (1.2%) recorded the lowest count. (Table 3A)
Establishments engaged in the growing of perennial crops employed the highest number of workers
The agriculture, forestry and fishing establishments employed a total of 154,910 persons, about 6.0 percent decrease from the total employed in 2012. (Table A)
The average number of employees per establishment was estimated at 48.
Growing of perennial crops, which employed a total of 59,644 workers, accounted for 38.5 percent of the total employment in the agriculture, forestry and fishing industry, thus ranking first compared with other industry groups. This was followed by animal production with 37,618 employees (24.3%), and growing of non-perennial crops with 25,351 (16.4%). (Table 1A)
Across industry groups, the growing of perennial crops recorded the highest average of 175 employees per establishment. This was followed by fishing with 71, and growing of non-perennial crops with 51. These are the industries with higher number of employees per establishment than that of the national level. (Table 1, and Figure 3)
Davao Region topped in the number of employees engaged in agriculture, forestry, and fishing
Among regions, Davao Region topped in employment with 40,641 employees or 26.2 percent of the total employment in the industry. Western Visayas with 19,118 (12.3%), and Northern Mindanao with 19,105 (12.3%) followed next. (Table 3A)
In addition to the 154,910 employees in the industry, a total of 21,183 workers on sub-contract agreement or under manpower agencies contractors were also engaged. (Table 1)
Davao Region engaged the service of 4,855 sub-contracted workers which comprised 22.8 percent of the total, the highest among the regions. Northern Mindanao and SOCCSKSARGEN with 4,706 (22.1%), and 4,590 (21.6%), respectively, followed in the second, and third rank. (Table 3)
Across industry groups, more than half of the total sub-contracted workers were engaged in the growing of perennial crops with 11,512 or 54.1 percent. (Table 1)
Support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities establishments gave the highest average annual compensation per paid employee
A total of PhP 27.0 billion was spent by the establishments in the agriculture sector for the compensation of its employees. This translates to an average annual compensation per paid employee at PhP 176,892. (Table 1)
Paid employees in establishments engaged support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities received the highest average annual compensation of PhP 311,860. This was followed by those in establishments engaged in growing of perennial crops with PhP 187,673, aquaculture with Php 184,154 and support services to forestry with PhP 177,224. Paid employees in these industry groups had average annual compensation higher than that of the national level figure. (Table 1, and Figure 4)
Region-wise, the highest average annual compensation per paid employee was recorded in the National Capital Region at PhP 390,311. In addition to NCR, six other regions (Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, CALABARZON, Davao, SOCCSKSARGEN, ARMM) recorded average annual compensation greater than the national level figure. (Table 3)
Animal production generated the highest revenue, and incurred the highest expense
The agriculture sector generated about PhP 207.0 billion total revenue, and incurred PhP 194.3 billion total expense in 2018. These correspond to an increase of about 50.0 percent from the PhP 138.0 billion total revenue generated in 2012, and, also an increase of 38.1 percent from the PhP 140.7 billion total expense reported in 2012. (Table 1, and A)
Of the 10 industry groups, animal production accounted the biggest portion of the total revenue generated by the agriculture sector with PhP 99.7 billion or 48.2 percent, and of the total expense with PhP 87.8 billion or 45.2 percent. (Table 1A)
The growing of perennial crops generated the second highest revenue with PhP 59.1 billion (28.6%) and incurred the second highest expense with PhP 52.7 billion or (27.1%). (Table 1A)
Davao Region led in terms of revenue generated, and expense incurred
Among regions, Davao Region generated the highest revenue with PhP 49.3 billion or 23.8 percent share and had the highest expense incurred with PhP 41.7 billion or 21.5 percent share to total.
Central Luzon followed with PhP 48.9 billion total revenue or 23.6 percent share to total, and also with PhP 41.4 billion total expense or 21.3 percent share. (Table 3A)
Eastern Visayas posted the highest revenue per expense ratio
The PhP 207.0 billion total revenue generated, and the PhP 194.2 billion total expense incurred by the industry can be translated to a revenue-expense ratio of 1.1. This ratio indicates that establishments engaged in this industry earned about 10 centavos for every one peso expense, on the average. (Table 4)
Of the 17 regions, 15 have ratios higher than the national level. The two regions with lower ratios were NCR (0.5), and SOCCSKSARGEN (1.0).
Eastern Visayas posted the highest revenue per expense ratio of 1.7, followed by the Caraga with a ratio of 1.3. (Table 4)
Industry group-wise, silviculture and other forestry activities, and growing of non-perennial crops recorded the highest ratio. (Table 2)
Animal production contributed the highest value added to the total of the industry
Value added generated by the agriculture sector amounted to PhP 56.4 billion which represents its estimated contribution to the economy. This amount translates to a 75.7 percent increase from the value added recorded in 2012. (Table A)
Animal production contributed the highest value added with PhP 23.5 billion or 41.7 percent of the total.
This was followed by the growing of perennial crops and growing of non-perennial crops which generated PhP 19.5 billion (34.6%), and PhP 7.4 billion (13.2%), respectively. (Table 1, and Figure 6)
Davao Region accounted for the highest value added
Davao Region generated value added of PhP 18.5 billion (32.8%) which accounted for the biggest percent share to the total value added of the agriculture industry.
Central Luzon followed with PhP 13.9 billion or 24.6 percent of the total.
Northern Mindanao generated the third highest value added with PhP 7.3 billion or 12.9 percent of the total. (Table 3A)
Subsidy received from the government amounts to PhP 34.9 billion
The agriculture sector received government subsidies which amounted to PhP 34.9 billion in the form of financial assistance, tax exemption or tax privilege. (Table 3)
DENNIS S. MAPA, Ph.D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General