Abra: Housing Unit Occupancy Rate Nears 100%

Reference Number: 

2002-034

Release Date: 

Wednesday, April 3, 2002

 


Population growth rate increased to 1.44 percent

The province of Abra registered a total population of 209,491 persons in the year 2000, an increase of 13,527 persons from the 1995 results. This figure translated to an average annual growth rate of 1.44 percent, a slight increase from the 1990 to 1995 period of 1.11 percent. The number of households also rose to 40,709, higher by 3,945 households compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.1 persons, a slight decrease from 1995 (5.3) and slight increase from the national average (five persons).

Bucay was next to Bangued in terms of population size

Aside from Bangued (provincial capital) with a population of 38,965 or 18.60 percent of the total population of the province, Bucay which comprised 7.10 percent had the largest population among the twenty seven municipalities in Abra. This was closely followed by the municipality of Lapaz, Tayum, and Lagangilag with about six percent each. The rest of the municipalities had less than five percent share each.

Abra ranked third in CAR

Among the six provinces (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province) and one highly urbanized city (Baguio City) in CAR, Abra ranked third in terms of population size. This province contributed 15.3 percent to the 1.4 million population of the region. At the national level, Abra shared 0.27 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Abra had a median age of 23 years

Abra had a median age of 23 years. This meant that in 2000 half of the population were below 23 years old. The median age in 1995 was 22 years.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 54 years. On the contrary, there were more females than males in the age group 55 years and over.

There were about two dependents for every three economically active persons in Abra

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 69. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 69 dependents (58 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 11 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 74.51 ratio reported in 1995.

More female than male academic degree holders

Of the total household population five years old and over, 41.76 percent had attended or completed elementary education. About thirty percent had either attended or finished high school while 9.71 percent had attended college. About five percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (51.7 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished college and post baccalaureate were predominantly females. About five out of eight academic degree holders were females.

Majority were Ilocanos

Majority (71.9 percent) of the household population in Abra classified themselves as Ilocano. About 18.7 percent considered themselves as Tinggian, and 4.5 percent as Ibanag. Other ethnic groups included Itneg (3.2 percent), and Tagalog (0.4 percent).

About 45.6 percent were still single

About 45.6 percent of those who were 10 years old and over were single, while 45.1 percent were married. The remaining nine percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, common-law/live-in or with unknown marital status.

Housing unit occupancy rate was almost 100%

There were 39,213 housing units in Abra, of which 39,200 were occupied, or almost a hundred percent occupancy rate. This registered an increase of 12.79 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.04 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 5.34 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

Almost all (96.6 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. Three out of five occupied housing units needed no repair/minor repair. Less than one-fourth were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

Three-fourths of the housing units had strong materials for roof

As to the construction materials used for housing units, more than three-fourths (86.7 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum as compared to 75.1 percent in 1990. Moreover, 34 percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone, while 33 percent still used bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa as walls.

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Abra

Abra, one of the provinces in Northern Luzon, is located in the Cordillera central mountain range. The province of Ilocos Norte lies in the northwest; Ilocos Sur in the southwest; while the provinces of Apayao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province line a common eastern border along the highest ridge of the Cordillera Range. Abra has an extremely rugged terrain with mountainous and hills rising along its perimeter and interior.

Abra used to be a part of the old Ilocos province. In 1818, through Act 2683, Ilocos province was divided into two provinces, namely: Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, Abra was part of the latter. In 1846, Abra was created as a political-military province. It remained so until the arrival of the Americans in 1899. The Philippine Commission annexed Abra to Ilocos Sur in 1908 because of financial difficulties. On March 9, 1917, the Philippine Assembly re-established Abra as a province. With the issuance of Executive Order No. 220 in July 1987 by the President of the Philippines, Abra became one of the provinces in CAR.

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Abra, 2000

Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Abra 209,491 100.00 106,894 102,597
    Bangued 38,965 18.60 19,212 19,753
    Bucay 14,881 7.10 7,502 7,379
    La Paz 12,922 6.17 6,562 6,360
    Lagangilag 12,073 5.76 6,150 5,923
    Tayum 12,539 5.99 6,503 6,036

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Abra, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Abra 209,491 106,894 102,597 104.2
    Under 1 4,729 2,421 2,308 104.9
    1 to 4 18,421 9,567 8,854 108.1
    5 to 9 24,666 12,770 11,896 107.3
    10 to 14 24,441 12,604 11,837 106.5
    15 to 19 22,673 11,854 10,819 109.6
    20 to 24 18,988 9,931 9,057 109.6
    25 to 29 15,122 7,785 7,337 106.1
    30 to 34 14,122 7,339 6,783 108.2
    35 to 39 12,832 6,630 6,202 106.9
    40 to 44 11,686 5,999 5,687 105.5
    45 to 49 9,336 4,752 4,584 103.7
    50 to 54 7,467 3,745 3,722 100.6
    55 to 59 5,758 2,803 2,955 94.9
    60 to 64 5,946 2,770 3,176 87.2
    65 to 69 4,397 2,027 2,370 85.5
    70 to 74 3,518 1569 1,949 80.5
    75 to 79 2,608 1184 1424 83.1
    80 & Over 2,781 1144 1637 69.9

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Abra, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Abra 185,997 94,607 91,390
    No Grade Completed 7,908 3,834 4,074
    Pre-School 4,538 2,327 2,211
    Elementary 77,669 40,181 37,488
    High School 54,925 28,873 26,052
    Post Secondary 8,957 4,867 4,090
    College Undergraduate 18,058 8,725 9,333
    Academic Degree Holder 9,053 3,439 5,614
    Post Baccalaureate 1,371 511 860
    Not Stated 3,518 1,850 1,668

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Abra, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Abra 161,675 73,666 72,967 8,655 1,350 4,221 816
    Below 20 47,114 45,170 1066 28 29 445 376
    20 - 24 18,988 13,064 4,802 47 66 879 130
    25- 29 15,122 6,007 8,138 78 117 697 85
    30 - 34 14,122 3,322 9,897 125 175 555 48
    35 - 39 12,832 1,875 10,023 232 194 470 38
    40 - 44 11,686 1,225 9,437 400 221 374 29
    45 - 49 9,336 748 7,566 548 197 261 16
    50 - 54 4,220 635 5,860 677 125 153 17
    55 - 59 3,254 373 4,415 764 77 122 7
    60 - 64 3,475 358 4,330 1,058 69 112 19
    65 - 69 3,043 253 2,972 1,046 46 65 15
    70 - 74 2,042 238 2,085 1,136 18 33 8
    75 - 79 1,133 175 1,357 1,027 6 34 9
    80 & Over 855 223 1,019 1,489 10 21 19

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Abra, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Abra 209,146 106,595 102,551
    Ilocano 150,457 76,417 74,040
    Tinggian 39,115 20,082 19,033
    Ibanag 9,334 4,935 4,399
    Itneg 6,624 3,387 3,237
    Tagalog 869 417 452
    Others 2,175 1,057 1,118
    Other Foreign Ethnicity 16 8 8
    Not Reported 556 292 264

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Abra, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Abra 39,200 40,709 209,146 1.04 5.34

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

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