The Age and Sex Structure of the Philippine Population: (Facts from the 2010 Census )

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Release Date: 

Thursday, August 30, 2012


The Philippines recorded a total of 92,097,978 household population or non-institutional population in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), an increase of 15.8 million from the 76.3 million household population counted in the 2000 CPH.

Of the household population in 2010, 33.4 percent were under 15 years of age or 30.7 million. Children below 5 years old comprised 11.1 percent of the household population in the entire country. Children aged 5 to 9 years accounted for 11.2 percent of the household population, and those aged 10 to 14 years, another 11.0 percent. By comparison, in 2000, children under 15 years old accounted for 37.1 percent of the household population in the country. Children below 5 years of aged comprised 12.7 percent of the total household population.

In terms of the distribution by age and sex, there were more males than females in age groups 0 to 54 years in 2010, with the males comprising 51.0 percent of these age groups. In contrast, there were more females than males in the older age group 55 years old and over. The males in these age groups made up 45.9 percent.

Median age increases to 23.4 years

In 2010, the median age of the country's population was 23.4 years, which means that half of the household population was younger than 23.4 years. This is higher than the median age of 21.3 years recorded in 2000. The country's median age for males in 2010 was 22.9 years, while that for females, 23.9 years.

By region, NCR had the highest median age of 25.5 years, with the median age for its male population one year lower than that for female (24.9 years and 26.0 years, respectively). ARMM had the lowest median age of 18.1 years. The median age for its male population was 17.8 years, half a year lower than the median age for its female population (18.3 years)

Sex ratio stands at 102 males for every 100 females

Of the 92.1 million household population in the Philippines, 50.4 percent were males and 49.6 percent were female. This resulted in a sex ratio of 102 males per 100 females. The sex ratio in 2000 was 101 males per 100 females.

In 2010, children under 15 years old had a sex ratio of 107 males for every 100 females, while for those aged 15 to 64 years, the ratio was 102 males per 100 females. The sex ratio for the age group 65 years old and over was 73 males per 100 females, depicting the higher mortality of males than females in this age group.

Across the country, Region VIII and Caraga both posted the highest sex ratio of 106 males per 100 females. On the other hand, NCR (96 males per 100 females) and ARMM (99 males per 100 females) were the only regions that reported a larger number of females than males, or a sex ratio below 100.

Dependency ratio decreases to 61 dependents per 100 persons in the working-age group

The overall dependency ratio of the Philippines was 61, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 61 dependents (54 young dependents and 7 old dependents). This is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000 recorded at 69 dependents per 100 working-age population (63 young dependents and 6 old dependents).

Nine regions had an overall dependency ratio higher than the national figure. For every 100 of the population in the working ages, ARMM had 80 dependents, Region V had 75 dependents, Region VIII had 73 dependents, Region IVB had 71 dependents, Caraga had 67 dependents, Region IX had 66 dependents, Region X had 64 dependents, Region XII had 63 dependents, and Region VII had 62 dependents. Meanwhile, NCR had the lowest overall dependency ratio of 48.

Four in ten of the household population are of school age

In 2010, the school-age population (5 to 24 years old) in the country comprised 41.8 percent of the 92.1 million household population. In 2000, the school-age population was 44.1 percent of the 76.3 million household population. Of the population who were of school age, the males made up 51.1 percent, while the females, 48.9 percent.

Across the country, ARMM had the highest percentage of school-age at 49.1 percent of the household population. NCR had the lowest percentage of school-age population at 39.2 percent.

Six in ten of the household population are of voting age

The voting-age population (18 years old and over) accounted for 60.3 percent of the household population. This proportion is higher than the 56.6 percent recorded in 2000. Of the voting-age population, 49.7 percent were males and 50.3 percent were female.

Nine regions had voting-age population comprising more than 60 percent of their respective household population. Six of these regions are located in Luzon: NCR (65.2 percent), Region I (62.4 percent), Region III (62.1 percent), Region II (61.9 percent), Region IVA (61.8 percent), and CAR (61.6 percent). Two are from Visayas, namely, Region VI (61.4 percent) and Region VII (60.6 percent), and one in Mindanao, Davao Region (60.2 percent). ARMM had the lowest proportion who were of voting-age at 49.9 percent.

Senior citizens constitutes 6.8 percent of the household population

In the Philippines, people who are regarded as senior citizen are those aged 60 years old and over. They made up 6.8 percent of the 92.1 million household population in 2010, higher than the 6.0 percent recorded in 2000. Among the senior citizens, females (55.8 percent) outnumbered the males (44.2 percent).

Across the country, eight regions had proportion of senior citizens higher than the national figure: Region I (9.0 percent), Region VI (8.7 percent), Region VIII (8.2 percent), Region VII (7.8 percent), Region II (7.3 percent), Region III (7.0 percent), and Caraga and CAR (6.9 percent each). ARMM, with 2.9 percent, had the lowest proportion of senior citizens.

One elderly for every five children below 15 years old IS counted in 2010 CPH

In the Philippines, the ageing index or the proportion of persons aged 60 years and over per 100 persons under the age of 15 years was computed at 20.3 percent in 2010. This means that there is one person aged 60 years and over for every five children under 15 years old. In 2000, the ageing index was computed at 16.1.

Among the regions, Region I had the highest ageing index of 28.5. Six other regions had an ageing index higher than the national index: Region VI (27.0), Region VII (23.7), Region II (22.9), Region VIII (22.5), Region III (22.0), and CAR (21.7). The lowest ageing index was computed at 6.7 for ARMM.