Population of Albay increased at the rate of 1.23 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Albay posted a total population of 1,233,432 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 142,525 persons compared to its total population of 1,090,907 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average population growth rate (PGR) of 1.23 percent. This is lower than the 1.90 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.23 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Albay would double in 57 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Albay was only 514,980 persons. This population size is less than one half of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
Legazpi City was the most populous
Among the three cities and 15 municipalities comprising the province of Albay, Legazpi City, the provincial capital, was the most populous with a population size making up 14.8 percent of the total provincial population. The City of Tabaco was second with 10.1 percent share, followed by the municipality of Daraga with 9.4 percent, City of Ligao with 8.5 percent. The rest of the municipalities contributed less than 7.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Jovellar with 1.4 percent share to the total population of the province. It was also the least populated area in 2000.
Sex ratio was 103 males per 100 females
Of the 1,231,607 household population in 2010, males accounted for 50.7 percent while females comprised 49.3 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 103 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000.
Median age increased to 22.0 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 22.0 years, which means half of the population was younger than 22.0 years. This is higher than the median age of 19.9 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 35.6 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 5 to 9 years and 10 to 14 years comprised the largest percentage (12.1 percent each), followed by age groups 0 to 4 years (11.4 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (50 years and over).
More than half of the population were of voting age
The voting age population (18 years and over) accounted for 57.5 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 53.8 percent in 2000. There were more females (50.1 percent) than males (49.9 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 69 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 35.6 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 5.1 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 59.3 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 69, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 69 dependents (60 young dependents and nine old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 79 dependents per 100 working-age population (71 young dependents and eight old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 46.0 percent were never married while 43.0 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (5.0 percent), widowed (5.0 percent), and divorced/separated (1.0 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 55.1 percent were males while 44.9 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 42.0 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 31.8 percent had reached or finished high school, 7.3 percent were college undergraduates, and 8.4 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (58.9 percent) outnumbered the males (41.1 percent). Similarly, more females (58.1 percent) than males (41.9 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.7 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 21,100 persons or 1.7 percent of the 1,231,607 household population had a disability. The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.6 percent of the 1,090,019 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 18,000.
There were more females than males among those with functionality difficulty
Of the 1,091,150 household population five years and over, 4.2 percent (or 45,436 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.4 percent) than males (46.6 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
On the other hand, of the total 45,346 persons aged five and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 68.3 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 24.3 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps, 22.1 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid, 12.9 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating, 11.3 percent had difficulty in communicating, and 9.0 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 941,611 household population 10 years old and over in Albay, 1.1 percent (or 10,771 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 56.4 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up of the largest age group, comprising 20.3 percent of the total overseas workers from this province in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (20.0 percent), 25 to 29 years (18.7 percent), and 35 to 39 years (17.2 percent).
Average household size was 4.8 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 255,672, higher by 47,032 households compared with the 208,640 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.8 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.2 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 253,309 occupied housing units were recorded in Albay in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.3 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs materials increased
In 2010, more than half (52.1 percent) of the occupied housing units in the province of had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 37.6 percent in 2000. The proportion of the occupied housing units with outer walls made of wood, on the other hand, decreased from 16.2 percent in 2000 to 13.5 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 60.3 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 43.5 percent.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 255,672 households, 59.6 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 50.7 percent.
Moreover, 31.5 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 4.3 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 4.1 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.