Bacolod City: Nine in Ten Had Attended School (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-155

Release Date: 

Monday, September 23, 2002

 

Population growth rate was 1.39 percent

The total population of Bacolod City, as of May 1, 2000, was 429,076 persons, higher by 26,731 persons over the 1995 Census of Population results. This translated to a 1.39 percent annual population growth rate during the 1995 to 2000 period, lower than the 1.88 percent growth rate in the 1990 to 1995 period. If the annual population growth rate continues, then the population of the city is expected to double in 50 years. Likewise, a corresponding increase on the number of households was also observed, from 78,195 households in 1995 to 87,441 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 4.89 persons, lower than the 5.12 average household size recorded in 1995.

Villamonte ranked first in terms of population size

Out of 61 barangays of Bacolod City, Barangay Villamonte ranked first, comprising 8.63 percent of the total city population. Barangays Taculing with 8.00 percent; Singcang-Airport with 6.76 percent; Mansilingan with 6.63 percent; and Tangub with 6.05 percent followed. The least populous was Barangay 24 with 0.01 percent share to the total city population.

Females dominated Bacolod City

There were 209,729 males and 219,347 females in Bacolod City. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 95.62 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 14 years. At older age groups, there were more females than males.

A higher proportion of female voters

Of the total population, 60.78 percent comprised the voting population aged 18 years and above. Among the voting population, the proportion was higher for females (52.27 percent) than for males (47.73 percent).

More than half of the female population in the childbearing ages

About 55 percent of the total females or 119,899 females were in the childbearing or reproductive ages (15 to 49 years). The proportion of females that belonged to 15-19 age group was the highest at 20.87 percent.

Three out of five persons belonged to economically active population

The economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years) comprised 63.37 percent of the total population. Population aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) constituted 32.59 percent of the total population while 4.03 percent for 65 years old and over (old dependents). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 57. This meant that for every 100 economically active persons there were 57 dependents, of whom, 51 persons were young dependents and 6 persons were old dependents.

Three out of ten attended/completed high school

More than 31 percent of the household population aged five years and over in Bacolod City had attended or completed high school; 29.45 percent, elementary; and 7.42 percent, post secondary education. Those who had attended or finished higher levels of education comprised 24.14 percent. In addition, the proportion of children aged 5 to 6 years who were incoming Grade 1 students (had completed pre-school education) was 2.53 percent.

Among those who attended or completed higher education, the proportion for females (54.07 percent) was higher than that of the males (45.93 percent). The same was true among those who had attended or completed high school (51.83 percent) and elementary (50.20 percent).

Almost 96 percent were Hiligaynons/Ilonggos

Almost 96 of the household population in Bacolod City classified themselves as Hiligaynons/Ilonggos. The rest were either Cebuano (1.59 percent), Capizeño (0.44 percent), Tagalog (0.36 percent) or were from other ethnic groups.

More widows than widowers

Of the total population aged 10 years and over, 46 percent were never married; 44.41 percent, married; 4.69 percent, widowed; 1.03 percent, separated/divorced; and 2.99 percent, in other marital arrangements.

There was a higher proportion of widows (81.05 percent) than that of widowers while the proportion for single persons was slightly higher for men (50.10 percent) than for women (49.90 percent).

Nine in ten of the housing units were single houses

In Bacolod City, there were 84,510 occupied housing units being occupied by 87,441 households. About 93.49 percent of these housing units were single houses while 2.64 percent were duplex and 1.94 percent were multi-residential.

Majority (71.05 percent) of the occupied housing units either needed minor repair or did not need repair at all. This proportion was higher than the 1990 figure (68.14 percent). One out of four occupied housing units was relatively new, built from 1996 to 2000.

Roof of most houses made of strong materials

Most of the housing units (83.88 percent) used galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof and 34.96 percent used concrete/brick/stone for the outer walls. The proportion of the housing units that used the combination of galvanized iron/aluminum for roof and concrete/brick/stone for walls was the highest at 33.56 percent.

 

BACOLOD CITY

Bacolod City, the City of Smiles is the provincial capital of the province of Negros Occidental. It is located on the northwest coast of the province.

Bacolod City is the center of government activities both by the national and provincial city offices.

Part of the city is also devoted for agricultural use. Large areas of this agricultural land are planted with sugarcane and rice.

Tourist attractions include the 120 year old San Sebastian Cathedral, the century old Palacio Episcopal, the Japanese War Memorial Shrine, beaches, resorts and many others.

Source: Website of the League of Cities of the Philippines (www.lcp.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Barangays: Bacolod City, 2000

Barangay Total Population Percent
Bacolod City 429,076 100.00
     Villamonte 37,014 8.63
     Taculing 34,325 8.00
     Singcang-Airport 29,019 6.76
     Mansilingan 28,464 6.63
     Tangub 25,962 6.05
     Other Barangays 274,292 63.93

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Bacolod City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Bacolod City 429,076 209,729 219,347 95.62
     Under 1 9,444 4,922 4,522 108,.85
     1 to 4 37,057 18,819 18,238 103,.19
     5 to 9 47,336 24,471 22,865 107.02
     10 to 14 46,007 23,328 22,679 102.86
     15 to 19 47,708 22,691 25,017 90.70
     20 to 24 41,725 19,775 21,950 90.09
     25 to 29 34,857 17,063 17,794 95.89
     30 to 34 32,265 15,949 16,316 97.75
     35 to 39 28,762 14,234 14,528 97.98
     40 to 44 25,572 12,478 13,085 95.43
     45 to 49 21,882 10,673 11,209 95.22
     50 to 54 16,478 7,884 8,594 91.74
     55 to 59 12,106 5,833 6,273 92.99
     60 to 64 10,564 4,671 5,893 79.26
     65 to 69 6,907 3,005 3,902 77.01
     70 to 74 4,651 1,898 2,753 68.94
     75 to 79 2,978 1,141 1,837 62.11
     80 & Over 2,777 885 1,892 46.78

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Bacolod City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Bacolod City 380,844 184,933 195,911
     No Grade Completed 10,992 5,765 5,227
     Pre-School 9,628 4,989 4,639
     Elementary 112,153 55,851 56,302
     High School 119,319 57,473 61,846
     Post Secondary 28,266 14,401 13,865
     College Undergraduate 50,741 24,541 26,200
     Academic Degree Holder 38,231 16,317 21,914
     P Post Baccalaureate 2,970 1,374 1,596
     Not Stated 8,544 4,222 4,322

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Bacolod City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Bacolod City 427,292 208,647 218,645
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 409,962 200,132 209,830
     Cebuano 6,783 3,204 3,579
     Capizeño 1,880 1,001 879
     Tagalog 1,557 847 710
     Others 4,454 2,187 2,267
     Not Reported 2,656 1,276 1,380

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Bacolod City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Bacolod CIty 335,239 154,195 148,867 15,729 3,437 10,021 2,990
     Below 20 93,715 89,002 2,100 100 78 898 1,537
     20 - 24 41,725 30,565 8,441 94 173 1,914 538
     25 - 29 34,857 14,782 17,481 166 320 1,831 277
     30 - 34 32,265 7,181 22,702 326 438 1,455 163
     35 - 39 28,762 4,039 22,411 507 513 1,180 112
     40 - 44 25,572 2,576 20,620 860 547 891 78
     45 - 49 21,882 1,823 17,682 1,235 430 659 53
     50 - 54 16,478 1,322 12,825 1,499 353 432 47
     55 - 59 12,106 847 8,958 1,729 213 323 36
     60 - 64 10,564 832 7,060 2,237 182 211 42
     65 - 69 6,907 497 4,214 1,958 88 116 34
     70 - 74 4,651 320 2,403 1,788 57 61 22
     75 - 79 2,978 232 1,183 1,494 27 24 18
     80 & Over 2,777 177 787 1,736 18 26 33

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Bacolod City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not
Reported
Bacolod City 84,510 70,885 462 4,568 4,702 1,717 737 1,439
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 29,542 28,361 317 624 48 26 13 153
     Wood 21,172 17,887 47 826 901 1,427 73 11
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and
        Half Wood
18,923 15,884 51 2,692 161 106 19 10
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
434 354 3 47 15 12 3 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 10,017 6,265 - 271 3,241 122 108 10
     Others/Not Reported 4,422 2,134 44 108 336 24 521 1,255

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Bacolod City was excluded in the population counts of Negros Occidental. As defined in 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (2000,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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