Benguet: Dependency Ratio Down by Four Persons

Reference Number: 

2002-047

Release Date: 

Friday, April 26, 2002

 


Growth rate up by 1.09%

The province of Benguet registered a total population of 330,129 persons in the year 2000, up from 313,833 persons in 1995. This figure gave the province an average annual growth rate of 1.09 percent, an increase of 0.41 percentage point from the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households was registered at 63,123, an increase of 4,588 households over the 1990 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.2 persons, a slight increase from 1995 (5.1) and the national average (five persons).

La Trinidad (capital) was the largest municipality in Benguet

Among the thirteen municipalities in Benguet, the municipality of La Trinidad (capital), which comprised 21 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. Next were Itogon (14 percent), Tuba (12 percent), Mankasan (11 percent), and Buguias (10 percent). The rest of the municipalities had less than 10 percent share each.

Benguet ranked first in CAR

Among the six provinces (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province), and one highly urbanized city (Baguio City) in CAR, Benguet ranked first in terms of population size. This province contributed 24.2 percent to the 1.4 million population of the region. At the national level, Benguet shared 0.43 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Median age was 20 years

Benguet, had a median age of 20 years. This meant that in 2000 half of the population were below 20 years old. The median age in 1995 was 19 years.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 107 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 59 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age group 60 years and over.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 72%

In 2000, the 0 to 14 age group made up about 38 percent of the total population while the population aged 65 years and above comprised 3.4 percent. The economically active population aged 15 to 64, thus made up 58 percent of the total population in Benguet.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 72. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 72 dependents (66 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 6 persons aged 65 years old and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower by four persons than the ratio reported in 1995 (75.87).

Most were Kankanais/Kankaneys/Kankanaeys

Most (43 percent) of the household population in Benguet classified themselves as Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey. About 29.2 percent considered themselves as Ibaloi and 13.4 percent as Ilocano. Other ethnic groups included Ikalahan (3.7 percent) and Tagalog (2.4 percent).

Lower proportion of married persons in 2000

Half (50.7 percent) of those who were 10 years old and over were single, while 42.9 percent were married, lower by 2.9 percentage points compared to the 1995 figure of 45.8 percent. The remaining six percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, others or with unknown marital status.

Benguet folks prefered single type houses

There were 65,506 housing units in Benguet, of which 62,683 were occupied, or 95.7 occupancy rate. This registered a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing units or a ratio of 5.25 persons per occupied housing units. Majority of occupied housing units were single houses (81.8 percent). Duplex and multi-unit residential houses accounted for only 7.04 percent and 10.2 percent, respectively.

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

BENGUET

Benguet is one of the six provinces and one highly urbanized city comprising the Cordillera Administrative Region or CAR. It was created into a province on June 18, 1966 under Republic Act No. 4695. It is bounded in the south by the province of Pangasinan, in the east by the provinces of Ifugao and Nueva Vizcaya, in the north by the province of Mountain Province and in the west by the province of La Union and Ilocos Sur.

The land is mountainous and is cut by deep river valleys. The elevation keeps the temperature cool and invigorating, and when the Siberian wind blows in from the north in December and January, the weather may be chilly. The province of Benguet has a wet season from June to October and a dry season from November to May.

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex : Benguet, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Benguet 330,129 100.00 170,489 159,640
     Atok 16,657 5.05 8,562 8,095
     Bakun 12,213 3.70 6,446 5,767
     Bokod 11,705 3.55 6,108 5,597
     Buguias 33,177 10.05 17,213 15,964
     Itogon 46,705 14.15 24,217 22,488
     Kabayan 12,344 3.74 6,452 5,892
     Kapangan 18,137 5.49 9,662 8,475
     Kibungan 15,036 4.55 7,854 7,182
     La Trinidad (capital) 67,963 20.59 34,110 33,853
     Mankayan 34,502 10.45 17,802 16,700
     Sablan 9,652 2.92 5,011 4,641
     Tuba 38,366 11.62 19,969 18,397
     Tublay 13,672 4.14 7,083 6,589

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Benguet, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Benguet 330,129 170,489 159,640 106.80
     Under 1 8,452 4,421 4,031 109.68
     1 to 4 31,595 16,347 15,248 107.21
     5 to 9 42,874 22,118 20,756 106.56
     10 to 14 43,462 22,121 21,341 103.65
     15 to 19 37,409 19,023 18,386 103.46
     20 to 24 30,425 15,356 15,069 101.90
     25 to 29 24,230 12,710 11,520 110.33
     30 to 34 22,974 11,857 11,117 106.66
     35 to 39 21,479 11,427 10,052 113.68
     40 to 44 18,074 9,791 8,283 118.21
     45 to 49 13,575 7,278 6,297 115.58
     50 to 54 9,889 5,216 4,673 111.62
     55 to 59 7,543 3,930 3,613 108.77
     60 to 64 6,819 3,408 3,411 99.91
     65 to 69 4,590 2,227 2,363 94.24
     70 to 74 3,006 1,409 1,597 88.23
     75 to 79 1,879 960 919 104.46
     80 & Over 1,854 890 964 92.32

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Benguet, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Benguet 289,230 149,249 139,981
     No Grade Completed 19,326 8,578 10,748
     Pre-School 6,649 3,368 3,281
     Elementary 121,100 67,601 53,499
     High School 79,508 42,070 37,438
     Post Secondary 9,499 4,538 4,961
     College Undergraduate 34,781 15,309 19,472
     Academic Degree Holder 11,665 4,577 7,088
     Post Baccalaureate 1,892 650 1,242
     Not Stated 4,810 2,558 2,252

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Benguet, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Benguet 247,208 125,375 105,943 9,309 1,794 3,059 1,728
     Below 20 80,871 78,074 1,590 51 30 216 910
     20 - 24 30,425 22,302 7,386 43 57 358 279
     25 - 29 24,230 10,709 12,787 87 114 365 168
     30 - 34 22,974 5,589 16,580 169 186 363 87
     35 - 39 21,479 3,381 17,055 322 255 393 73
     40 - 44 18,074 1,982 14,870 507 268 412 35
     45 - 49 13,575 1,148 11,231 641 259 266 30
     50 - 54 9,889 764 7,939 791 189 176 30
     55 - 59 7,543 504 5,752 946 169 150 22
     60 - 64 6,819 416 4,713 1,400 118 140 32
     65 - 69 4,590 229 2,882 1,296 69 97 17
     70 - 74 3,006 130 1,572 1,190 42 50 22
     75 - 79 1,879 71 926 812 25 37 8
     80 & Over 1,854 76 660 1,054 13 26 15

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Benguet, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Benguet 329,216 169,978 159,238
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 141,434 72,835 68,299
     Ibaloi 95,968 49,383 46,185
     Ikalahan/Kalanguya 12,147 6,298 5,849
     Ilocano 43,984 22,566 21,418
     Tagalog 7,773 3,976 3,797
     Others 27,396 14,488 13,308
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 239 131 108
     Not Reported 575 301 274

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Benguet, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Benguet 62,683 63,123 329,216 1.01 5.25
     Single House 51,260 51,584 271,440 1.01 5.30
     Duplex 4,412 4,463 23,784 1.01 5.39
     Multi-Unit Residential 6,371 6,431 30,366 1.01 4.77
     Commercial/Industrial/Agriculture 170 171 782 1.01 4.60
     Institutional Living Quarters 24 25 131 1.04 5.46
     Other Housing Units .11 11 35 1.00 3.18
     Not Reported 435 438 2,678 1.01 6.16

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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