Bohol: Growth Rate Made a Sudden Leap to 2.95 Percent (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-135

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 10, 2002

 

Population to double in 23 years

The total population of Bohol based on the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, was 1,139,130 persons, an increase of 144,690 persons over the 1995 census results. From only 592 thousand in 1960, the population had almost doubled after 40 years.

The population of Bohol grew at the average annual growth rate of 2.95 percent during the intercensal period 1995-2000. This was the highest population growth rate ever recorded in Bohol since 1903 and a ballooning 2.06 percentage points difference from that of 1990-1995 period. If this growth rate continues, the population of Bohol is expected to double in about 23 years.

The number of households likewise rose from 191,657 households in 1995 to 213,215 households in 2000. The average household size recorded was 5.34 persons, higher than the figure five years ago (5.18 persons) and the national average of five persons.

Bohol ranked second in Central Visayas

Central Visayas comprises four provinces (Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Siquijor) and two highly urbanized cities (Cebu City, Mandaue City). Bohol ranked second in terms of population size constituting one-fifth (19.93 percent) of the 5.7 million population of the region. Nationwide, the province contributed 1.49 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Tagbilaran City, the provincial capital, was the most populated

Among 47 municipalities and the lone city, Tagbilaran City (provincial capital) was the largest in terms of population size. This registered a population of 77,700 persons or 6.82 percent of the total provincial population, followed by Ubay (5.25 percent) and Talibon (4.75 percent). Corella had the smallest population with 0.44 percent.

Half of the population were below 22 years

Bohol had a median age of 22 years, 21 in 1995. This meant that in 2000, about half of the population were below 22 years old.

Males outnumbered females

There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 44 years. On the other hand, females dominated in the rest of the age groups. The sex ratio of 101.6 males for every 100 females in 2000 was almost the same as the 1995 figure (101.4).

Dependency ratio down to 78.56

The population in the productive ages, that is 15 to 64 years, represented 57.97 percent of the total population. The proportion of those aged 65 years and over was 6.25 percent. The youngest group (0-14 years) was 35.78 percent.

The 2000 dependency ratio was 72.50, down from 80.43 in 1995. This meant that for every 100 persons in the working age group (15-64 years), there were 73 dependents in 2000, that is, 62 persons aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) and 11 persons aged 65 years and over (old dependents).

More than half a million voters

The number of voters in Bohol was posted at 658,059 persons or 57.77 percent of the total population. There was an almost 50-50 distribution of voters in terms of gender, i.e., 50.06 percent for the females and 49.94 percent for the males.

Almost half of the female population belonged to the reproductive age group

In 2000, there were 565 thousand females in Bohol. Almost 50 percent of the females (47.58 percent) were in childbearing age (15-49 years old). The concentration of which, was in the 15 to 19 years age group (10.26 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

Among those household population aged five years and over, more than half (51.59 percent) had attended/finished elementary education; one-fourth (24.11 percent), high school; and 12.04 percent with college education.

Females dominated the higher levels of education with 13.22 percent.

Nine out of ten were Boholanos

Bohol takes pride in their own ethnicity, as Boholanos, composed mainly of 93.80 percent of the entire household population. Cebuano (3.66 percent) and Bisaya/Binisaya (0.78 percent) followed. The remaining 1.76 percent were either Tagalog, Hiligaynon/Ilongo or belonged to other ethnic groups.

More single men than women

About 46.71 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single, while 44.53 percent were married. The remaining 8.56 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Single persons were mostly males (53.07 percent).

Housing units had median floor area of 28.08 square meters

One out of four housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters (25.71 percent), one-fifth had 20 to 29 square meters (20.79 percent) and close to one-fifth (17.13 percent) had 30 to 49 square meters.

Occupied housing units had median floor area of 28.08 square meters. This meant that, half of the housing units had floor area of below 28.08 square meters.

Single houses were most preferred

A large proportion of the occupied housing units in Bohol were single houses (97.53 percent). This was lower by 1.35 percentage points from the 1990 figure. Three-fifths (58.38 percent) of these housing units did not need any repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. However, almost 20 percent needed major repair. In addition, three-tenths (28.45 percent) of the housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

Households used strong materials for the roof and light materials for the walls

As to the construction materials used, 28.68 percent of the housing units used bamboo/sawali/ cogon/nipa/anahaw for the outer walls, while 73.15 percent used galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof.

Housing units using both the bamboo/ sawali/cogon/nipa for the walls and galvanized iron/aluminum recorded 12.34 percent.

 

BOHOL

 

The Boholanos refer to their island homeland as the 'Republic of Bohol' with both conviction and pride. A narrow strait separates the island of Cebu and Bohol and both share a common language, but the Boholanos retain a conscious distinction from the Cebuanos.

Bohol lies between the islands of Cebu on the northwest, Leyte on the northeast and Mindanao to the south.

The hills dominate the island of Bohol. Two ranges run roughly parallel on the northwest and the southeast. An interior plateau is dominated by limestone hills. In Carmen, Batuan and Sagbayan, these hills form near perfect cones in great numbers and are collectively referred to as the Chocolate Hills.

Bohol's climate is generally dry, with maximum rainfall between the months of June and October. The interior is cooler than the coast.

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

In 1622, a revolt led by a 'babaylan', named Tamblot rocked the island of Bohol. The revolt was in reaction to the continued incursions of the Roman Catholic religion and its assault on the ancient way of life.

In 1744, another revolt against clerical abuses erupted and engulfed the entire island. Led by a member of the native elite named Francisco Dagohoy, the rebels conquered the island's interior and held out against the Spaniards until 1828.

In the 19th century, Boholanos left the island in great numbers to settle in northern Mindanao. As a result of this migration, many residents of northern Mindanao speak Cebuano and trace their ancestry to the island.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

 

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 10 Municipalities by Sex: Bohol, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Bohol 1,139,130 100.00 574,091 565,039
     Tagbilaran City 77,700 6.82 38,145 39,555
     Ubay 59,827 5.25 30,432 29,395
     Talibon 54,147 4.75 27,356 26,791
     Loon 45,215 3.97 22,488 22,727
     Inabanga 40,714 3.57 20,478 20,236
     Carmen 40,713 3.57 20,959 19,754
     Tubigon 40,385 3.55 20,266 20,119
     Guindulman 31,028 2.72 15,774 15,254
     Jagna 30,643 2.69 15,605 15,038
     Candijay 30,389 2.67 15,519 14,870

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Bohol, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Bohol 1,139,130 574,091 565,039 101.60
     Under 1 27,720 14,250 13,470 105.79
     1 to 4 105,583 54,024 51,559 104.78
     5 to 9 138,545 70,518 68,027 103.66
     10 to 14 135,729 69,171 66,558 103.93
     15 to 19 118,753 60,806 57,947 104.93
     20 to 24 100,506 51,988 48,518 107.15
     25 to 29 84,798 43,840 40,958 107.04
     30 to 34 74,928 38,097 36,831 103.44
     35 to 39 66,443 33,761 32,682 103.30
     40 to 44 57,476 28,918 28,558 101.26
     45 to 49 46,635 23,282 23,353 99.70
     50 to 54 40,894 20,005 20,889 95.77
     55 to 59 37,566 18,201 19,365 93.99
     60 to 64 32,351 15,293 17,058 89.65
     65 to 69 25,046 11,595 13,451 86.20
     70 to 74 19,325 8,832 10,493 84.17
     75 to 79 13,605 5,989 7,616 78.64
     80 & Over 13,227 5,521 7,706 71.65

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Bohol, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Bohol 1,004,484 504,772 499,712
     No Grade Completed 52,721 27,372 25,349
     Pre-School 23,662 12,040 11,622
     Elementary 518,227 269,125 249,102
     High School 242,131 116,500 125,631
     Post Secondary 27,566 15,128 12,438
     College Undergraduate 81,242 38,648 42,594
     Academic Degree Holder 34,939 14,104 20,835
     Post Baccalaureate 4,702 2,031 2,671
     Not Stated 19,294 9,824 9,470

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Bohol, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Bohol 867,282 406,836 386,217 40,587 5,716 20,668 7,258
     Below 20 254,482 242,295 6,664 306 173 1,575 3,469
     20 - 24 100,506 75,052 21,010 222 279 2,787 1,156
     25 - 29 84,798 38,563 41,780 338 498 2,927 692
     30 - 34 74,928 18,525 51,937 566 622 2,779 499
     35 - 39 66,443 10,074 51,942 880 800 2,416 331
     40 - 44 57,476 6,197 46,673 1,421 810 2,175 200
     45 - 49 46,635 4,055 38,106 1,981 648 1,687 158
     50 - 54 40,894 3,103 32,918 2,782 635 1,324 132
     55 - 59 37,566 2,434 29,626 3,964 453 959 130
     60 - 64 32,351 2,028 24,038 5,000 345 840 100
     65 - 69 25,046 1,525 17,509 5,225 198 494 95
     70 - 74 19,325 1,223 11,827 5,724 118 341 92
     75 - 79 13,605 838 7,242 5,198 68 183 76
     80 & Over 13,227 924 4,945 6,980 69 181 128

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Bohol, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Bohol 1,137,775 573,040 564,735
     Boholano 1,067,216 537,058 530,158
     Cebuano 41,602 21,365 20,237
     Bisaya/Binisaya 8,900 4,481 4,419
     Tagalog 1,197 656 541
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 1,151 603 548
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 836 413 423
     Butuanon 700 340 360
     Others 7,708 3,835 3,873
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 144 97 47
     Not Reported 8,321 4,192 4,129

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Bohol, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Bohol 210,747 154,169 670 4,865 1,342 45,359 547 221 3,574
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 38,629 37,560 269 257 34 494 3 12 -
     Wood 55,495 44,555 132 1,022 930 8,766 44 46 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
     Stone and Half
     Wood
48,215 43,620 114 2,668 91 1,707 5 10 -
     Galvanized iron/
     Aluminum
596 389 7 115 21 60 2 2 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/Nipa
60,443 25,999 - 651 232 33,302 169 90 -
     Asbestos 211 169 26 5 3 - - 8 -
     Glass 57 41 8 3 - - - 5 -
     Makeshift/
     Salvaged/
     Improvised Materials
1,432 446 - 17 8 612 316 33 -
     Others/
     Not reported
5,397 1,188 104 122 8 380 8 13 3,574
     No Walls 272 202 10 5 15 38 - 2 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






Tags: