Bukidnon: Now Part of the Millionaires' Club (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-080

Release Date: 

Friday, June 28, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 2.61 percent

The Census 2000 results showed that Bukidnon reached a million population (1,060,415 persons) from 940,403 persons in the 1995 Census of Population. This figure recorded a 2.61 percent annual population growth rate, from a growth rate of 2.05 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 201,777 households, higher by 26,489 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 5.25 persons, higher than the average household size recorded in 1995 and higher than the national average of five persons.

Valencia was the largest in terms of population

Valencia was the largest among the 22 municipalities in Bukidnon in terms of population (147,924 persons or 13.95 percent of the total population of the province). It was followed by Malaybalay, provincial capital (11.66 percent), Quezon (7.79 percent), Maramag (7.09 percent), and Manolo Fortich (7.00 percent). On the other hand, Sumilao had the smallest population with 1.61 percent.

Bukidnon ranked first in Northern Mindanao

Bukidnon ranked first in terms of population among the four provinces and one highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao with 38.59 percent of the 2.7 million persons of the region. In terms of the annual population growth rate, it ranked third in the region. At the national level, the province contributed 1.39 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Half of the population were below 17 years old

Bukidnon had a median age of 17 years, slightly higher than the 1995 median age of 16 years. This meant that half of the population were below 17 years old.

Sex ratio was recorded at 106.23

There were 546.2 thousand males and 514.1 thousand females in Bukidnon. This gave a sex ratio of 106.23 males for every 100 females. There were more males in the age group 0 to 74 years, while more females in the 75 years and above age group.

 

Table A: Total Population and Growth Rates by Province, Northern Mindanao: 1995 and 2000

Province Population Growth Rate
2000 1995 2000 1995
Northern Mindanao 2,747,585 2,483,272 2.19 2.32
   Bukidnon 1,060,415 940,403 2.61 2.05
   Camiguin 74,232 68,039 1.88 1.08
   Misamis Occidental 486,723 458,965 1.27 1.48
   Misamis Oriental
      (excluding Cagayan de Oro City)
664,338 587,551 2.67 2.11
   Cagayan de Oro City 461,877 428,314 1.63 4.44

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

More than half of the total population were economically active persons

About 55 percent belonged to the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years. About 42 percent were young dependents aged 0 to 14 years while less than three percent were aged 65 years and above (old dependents). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 81.27, lower than the 1995 ratio of 86.99. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 81 dependents, i.e., 76 young dependents and 5 old dependents.

More female degree holders

About 53.90 percent of the population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education; 22.63 percent, high school; 1.77 percent, post secondary education; 1.82 percent were academic degree holders; 6.27 percent were college undergraduates; and 0.47 percent had post-baccalaureate studies. There were more males than females among those who had attended or finished elementary (54.25 percent). On the other hand, there were more females who had attended/completed high school (52.30 percent), were college undergraduates (52.11 percent), were academic degree holders (60.35 percent), and had post baccalaureate courses (59.38 percent).

Two out of five were Cebuano

About 41.68 percent of the household population classified themselves as Cebuano. Other ethnic groups included Binisaya/Bisaya (16.37 percent), Binukid/Bukidnon (11.27 percent), Hiligaynon (8.83 percent), Boholano (7.37 percent), and Higaonon (2.79 percent).

More married persons than single

Married persons accounted for 45.88 percent of the total persons 10 years old and over, lower than the 1995 figure (50.34 percent). Single persons comprised 44.77 percent in 2000 slightly higher than in 1995 (44.53 percent) while the widowed (2.99 percent) slightly increased as compared to the 1995 figure (2.92 percent). Those with other arrangements increased from 1.57 percent in 1995 to 4.79 percent in 2000.

Single houses were most preferred

In 2000, most (96.20 percent) of the occupied housing units in Bukidnon were single houses, slightly lower than the 97.59 percent recorded in 1990. Three out of five occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only and one in five needed major repair.

Housing occupancy rate was more than 96 percent

Out of 206,600 housing units in Bukidnon, 198,652 units (96.15 percent) were occupied by 201,777 households. It recorded a ratio of 1.02 households for every occupied housing unit or 5.34 persons per occupied housing unit.

Four in five housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum

About 79.64 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, higher than the 1990 figure of 52.29 percent. On the other hand, roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw declined from 39.85 percent in 1990 to 13.79 percent in 2000. As to construction material of the outer walls, the use of concrete/brick/stone rose from 3.61 percent in 1990 to 12.91 percent in 2000.

 

BUKIDNON

Bukidnon is bounded on the west by Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur, on the east by Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte, on the north by Misamis Oriental, and on the south by North Cotabato.

Inhabitants are mainly Bukidnons in lowlands and Manobos in the highlands. Most of the people speak Cebuano. A native dialect called Binukid is also spoken by 11.27 percent of the populace.

In 1850, Bukidnon became a municipality of Misamis. It was made a sub-province of Agusan province in 1907. It became an independent province when the Department of Mindanao and Sulu was created in 1914.

Tourist attractions include the Del Monte Pineapple plantation, Mt. Kitanglad, Central Mindanao University, and Pines View Park.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
            By: Conrado M. Lancion, Jr.
            (Tahanan Books, Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Bukidnon, 2000

Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Bukidnon 1,060,415 100.00 546,234 514,181
     Valencia 147,924 13.95 76,022 71,902
     Malaybalay (Capital) 123,672 11.66 63,381 60,291
     Quezon 82,567 7.79 42,724 39,843
     Maramag 75,233 7.09 38,563 36,670
     Manolo Fortich 74,252 7.00 37,919 36,333
     Other Municipalities 556,767 52.50 287,625 269,142

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Bukidnon, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Bukidnon 1,060,415 546,234 514,181 106.23
     Under 1 28,847 14,489 14,358 100.91
     1 to 4 118,461 60,457 58,004 104.23
     5 to 9 156,127 79,503 76,624 103.76
     10 to 14 143,517 72,966 70,551 103.42
     15 to 19 115,138 58,753 56,385 104.20
     20 to 24 93,541 48,544 44,997 107.88
     25 to 29 77,918 40,594 37,324 108.76
     30 to 34 70,515 36,586 33,929 107.83
     35 to 39 62,798 32,972 29,826 110.55
     40 to 44 53,608 27,932 25,676 108.79
     45 to 49 41,470 21,900 19,570 111.91
     50 to 54 29,943 16,040 13,903 115.37
     55 to 59 21,387 11,296 10,091 111.94
     60 to 64 18,672 9,689 8,983 107.86
     65 to 69 12,242 6,331 5,911 107.11
     70 to 74 7,972 4,078 3,894 104.73
     75 to 79 4,377 2,183 2,194 99.50
     80 & Over 3,882 1,921 1,961 97.96

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Bukidnon, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Bukidnon 912,947 471,234 441,713
     No Grade Completed 77,764 40,819 36,945
     Pre-School 21,074 10,795 10,279
     Elementary 492,081 266,935 225,146
     High School 206,589 98,539 108,050
     Post Secondary 16,140 7,653 8,487
     College Undergraduate 57,279 27,433 29,846
     Academic Degree Holder 16,579 6,574 10,005
     Post Baccalaureate 4,247 1,725 2,522
     Not Stated 21,194 10,761 10,433

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Bukidnon, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Bukidnon 1,060,253 546,179 514,074
     Cebuano 441,909 227,780 214,129
     Binisaya/Bisaya 173,556 88,651 84,905
     Binukid/Bukidnon 119,499 60,736 58,763
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 93,590 48,877 44,713
     Boholano 78,160 40,907 37,253
     Higaonon 29,566 15,124 14,442
     Others Foreign Ethnicity 328 180 148
     Others 117,863 60,973 56,890
     Not Reported 5,782 2,951 2,831

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Bukidnon, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Bukidnon 756,980 338,898 347,329 22,657 4,736 36,228 7,132
     Below 20 258,655 243,149 6,970 139 133 3,906 4,358
     20 - 24 93,541 54,858 29,828 193 326 7,148 1,188
     25 - 29 77,918 21,469 48,905 338 466 6,199 541
     30 - 34 70,515 8,879 55,265 664 618 4,796 293
     35 - 39 62,798 4,319 52,679 985 631 4,012 172
     40 - 44 53,608 2,399 45,653 1,518 701 3,198 139
     45 - 49 41,470 1,330 35,288 1,858 579 2,326 89
     50 - 54 29,943 894 24,482 2,358 463 1,675 71
     55 - 59 21,387 510 16,970 2,467 314 1,058 68
     60 - 64 18,672 410 13,869 3,210 240 878 65
     65 - 69 12,242 269 8,546 2,796 117 469 45
     70 - 74 7972 190 4,866 2,524 70 286 36
     75 - 79 4377 106 2,387 1,671 40 146 27
     80 & Over 3882 116 1,621 1,936 38 131 40

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Bukidnon, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and
Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
Bukidnon 198,652 158,202 533 2,111 27,394 5,300 1,773 3,339
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 25,654 25,194 211 99 65 65 6 14
     Wood 107,298 89,586 201 568 11,865 4,465 366 247
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
22,681 21,200 78 1,120 108 163 9 3
     Galvanized
       Iron/Aluminum
889 743 5 41 37 51 6 6
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 35,879 19,100 - 249 14,744 493 705 588
     Asbestos 120 86 13 3 - - - 18
     Glass 11 10 1 - - - - -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
2,207 1,133 - 17 351 7 665 34
     Others/Not Reported 3,792 1,077 24 14 201 55 10 2,411
     No walls 121 73 - - 23 1 6 18

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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