Caloocan City: Population to Double in 23 Years (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-173

Release Date: 

Wednesday, October 9, 2002

 

Population to double in 23 years

Caloocan City recorded a total population of 1,177,604 persons in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000). This was up by 154,445 persons as compared to 1,023,159 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN). For the period 1995 to 2000, the annual population growth rate of Caloocan City was 3.06 percent, lower than that of the 1990 to 1995 period (5.64 percent). If the current annual population growth rate of the city continues, the population of Caloocan City is expected to double in 23 years.

The number of households increased to 249,567 as compared to 215,122 households in 1995. The average household size recorded in Census 2000 was 4.71 persons slightly lower than the 1995 figure of 4.75 persons and the 2000 national average of five persons.

Caloocan City, third in the country in terms of population size

Caloocan City was the third most populous city among the cities/municipalities in the country. This city contributed about 12 percent to the 9.9 million population of the National Capital Region. At the national level, the city ranked three and shared 1.5 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

District I had the larger population in Caloocan City

Caloocan City is composed of two districts, of which District I had the larger population with 51.78 percent, while District II with 48.22 percent of the city population.

Barangay 176, under District I, was the biggest barangay in terms of population size, accounting for 16 percent of the total population of the city. The least populous was Barangay 76, under District II, with only 106 persons (0.01 percent).

Caloocan City had a median age of 23 years

Caloocan City had a median age of 23 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 23 years old. In 1995, the median age was 22 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 99.69

There was an almost equal number of males and females in Caloocan City. The sex ratio was recorded at 99.69.

Overall dependency ratio was 59

The proportion of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years was 34.52 percent. The age group 65 years and over accounted for 2.51 percent of the city population while 62.97 percent were aged 15 to 64 years (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 58.81. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 59 dependents (55 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and four persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was 61.

Slightly higher percentage of female voters

Out of the total population, there were 705,058 persons or 59.87 percent belonging to the voting population where the proportion of females (50.64 percent) was slightly higher as compared to that of the males (49.36 percent).

More than half of females were in childbearing ages

Out of 589,714 females, 329,519 or 55.88 percent belonged to child bearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, was reported by women aged 20 to 24 years (10.59 percent).

More female academic degree holders

About 90 percent of the total household population aged five years and over had attended school; 28 percent, elementary; 37 percent, high school; and 25 percent with higher education. On the other hand, the number of children aged 5 to 6 years who had completed pre-school and were likely to become grade I pupils in the next school year was 208, 247 (17.7 percent).

Females dominated among those who had academic degree (54 percent).

Majority were Tagalogs

Majority in Caloocan City classified themselves as Tagalog (69.72 percent). The rest were either Bicol/Bikol (5.05 percent), Bisaya/Binisaya (3.95 percent), Ilocano (3.79 percent), Waray (3.19 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (11.43 percent).

Widowed were mostly women

About 40 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while about 47 percent were married. The remaining 13 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other marital arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There were more men than women among single persons (51.45 percent and 48.55 percent, respectively). The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (79.3 percent) than the males (20.7 percent).

Most houses were made of strong materials

Majority of the households in Caloocan City used galvanized iron/aluminum (82 percent) for the roof, while concrete/brick/stone (52 percent) for the outer walls.

Of the total occupied housing units, about 49 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and concrete/brick/stone for walls.

 

CALOOCAN CITY
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

 

Caloocan City, situated three kilometers away from Manila Bay and 15 kilometers northwest of the mouth of Pasig River, is bounded on the east by Quezon City, on the west and north by Malabon, and on the south by the City of Manila. The name of the town originated from the Tagalog word "Look", meaning interior because the place was at the end or corner of Tondo and Tambohong, the old name of Malabon. However, the Spaniards called the place as Aromahan or Espina, when it was still a barrio of Tondo. The Augustinians founded Caloocan in 1762, when the Jesuits, who owned the hacienda of Maysilo were expelled from the Philippines in 1768. The government sold it to a mestizo as part of the missionary property, which became the main portion of the town. In 1815, Caloocan was created as a municipality.

The Katipunan was discovered by the Spaniards on August 19, 1896. Four days later, on the 23rd, Andres Bonifacio and about 1,000 members of the Society met in Balintawak, Caloocan, in the yard of Juan A. Ramos, son of Melchora Aquino (mother of the Katipuneros), where they tore their cedulas to express their willingness to fight, and shouted, "Long live the Philippines, Long live the Katipunan!". Later, the Filipino Forces under Col. Pacheco captures Caloocan from the Spaniards on June 12, 1898.

On June 17, 1961, Republic Act. No. 3278 created the City of Caloocan in honor of Andres Bonifacio and the Katipunan. The Bonifacio monument was built in 1929 on Manila North Road, where the First Cry of Balintawak was held.

Source: League of Cities of the Philippines
               (www.lcp.org.ph)

 

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Top Ten Barangay: Caloocan City, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
Caloocan City 1,177,604 100.00
     Barangay 176 188,419 16.00
     Barangay 178 64,148 5.45
     Barangay 177 50,938 4.33
     Barangay 175 34,813 2.96
     Barangay 171 33,152 2.82
     Barangay 12 27,841 2.36
     Barangay 28 27,448 2.33
     Barangay 14 20,706 1.76
     Barangay 165 20,358 1.73
     Barangay 8 19,679 1.67

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Caloocan City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Caloocan City 1,177,604 587,890 589,714 99.69
     Under 1 30,983 16,056 14,927 107.56
     1 to 4 121,287 62.024 59,263 0.10
     5 to 9 137,044 70.419 66,625 0.11
     10 to 14 117,240 59,096 58,144 101.64
     15 to 19 113,885 55,165 58,720 93.95
     20 to 24 119,928 57,501 62,427 92.11
     25 to 29 107,462 53,098 54,364 97.67
     30 to 34 99,957 50,347 49,610 101.49
     35 to 39 85,556 43,212 42,354 102.03
     40 to 44 72,526 37,004 35,522 104.17
     45 to 49 54,511 27,989 26,522 105.53
     50 to 54 41,570 20,980 20,590 101.89
     55 to 59 25,404 12,782 12,622 101.27
     60 to 64 20,727 9,816 10,911 89.96
     65 to 69 13,147 5,971 7,176 83.21
     70 to 74 7,918 3,401 4,517 75.29
     75 to 79 4,463 1,721 2,742 62.76
     80 & Over 3,986 1,308 2,678 48.84

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Caloocan City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Caloocan City 1,022,431 508,284 514,147
     No Grade Completed 26,910 13,952 12,660
     Pre-School 25,910 13,429 12,481
     Elementary 285,683 141,717 143,966
     High School 373,923 185,243 188,680
     Post Secondary 50,738 26,115 24,623
     College Undergraduate 145,458 73,267 72,191
     Academic Degree Holder 54,235 24,813 29,422
     P Post Baccalaureate 4,606 2,090 2,516
     Not Stated 55,266 27,658 27,608

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Caloocan City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Caloocan City 888,290 355,449 413,498 32,221 13,341 56,763 17,018
     Below 20 231,125 207,380 9,695 447 492 4,399 8,712
     20 - 24 119,928 72,504 31,329 465 1,047 11,639 2,944
     25 - 29 107,462 34,338 58,230 600 1,641 11,192 1,461
     30 - 34 99,957 17,498 69,357 998 1,884 9,170 1,050
     35 - 39 85,566 9,313 65,070 1,469 2,084 6,899 731
     40 - 44 72,526 5,307 57,314 2,393 1,923 5,093 496
     45 - 49 54,511 3,213 43,082 2,883 1,533 3,401 399
     50 - 54 41,570 2,227 31,775 3,882 1,145 2,268 333
     55 - 59 25,404 1,117 18,772 3,513 678 1,128 196
     60 - 64 20,727 994 13,958 4,377 426 730 242
     65 - 69 13,147 611 7,832 3,863 250 455 136
     70 - 74 7,918 411 3,983 3,061 131 187 145
     75 - 79 4,463 256 1,779 2,208 59 92 69
     80 & Over 3,986 280 1,322 2,122 48 110 104

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Caloocan City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Caloocan City 1,174,673 586,350 588,323
      Tagalog 818,954 409,908 409,046
      Bikol/Bicol 59,276 30,311 28,965
      Bisaya/Binisaya 46,374 22,473 23,901
      Ilocano 44,487 22,105 22,382
      Waray 37,523 18,330 19,193
      Others 134,230 66,166 68,064
      Other Foreign Ethnicity 302 204 98
      Not Reported 33,527 16,853 16,674

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Caloocan City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not
Reported
Caloocan City 235,469 192,979 4,920 23,963 6,445 226 2,224 321 4,391
     Concrete/Brick/
       Stone
122,229 115,171 3,828 2,479 391 68 143 149 -
     Wood 30,409 23,597 267 1,288 4,903 52 262 40 -
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
69,297 47,872 688 19,416 1,005 32 205 79 -
     Galvanized iron/
       Aluminum
2,194 1,802 36 314 27 2 12 1 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
       Cogon/Nipa
718 588 - 17 33 51 27 2 -
     Asbestos 140 108 6 23 - - - 3 -
     Glass 75 58 9 2 4 - - 2 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
3,968 2,135 3 226 35 14 1,542 10 3
     Others/Not reported 6,159 1,450 59 170 43 3 22 30 4,382
     No Walls 280 198 24 28 4 4 11 5 6

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


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