Camarines Sur: Population to Double After Four Decades

Reference Number: 

2002-140

Release Date: 

Wednesday, September 11, 2002

 

Population growth rate at 1.72

The total population of Camarines Sur, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,551,549 persons. This implied an increase of 118,951 persons over the 1995 census figure or an average annual population growth rate of 1.72 percent, slightly lower than the annual population growth rate recorded during the 1990 to 1995 period (1.75 percent). A corresponding increase on the number of households was also registered, from 265,030 households in 1995 to 288,172 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.38 persons, slightly lower than the average household size (5.40 persons) recorded five years ago.

Population of the province to double after four decades

If the average growth rate of the population continues at 1.72 percent, the population of Camarines Sur is expected to double after 40 years, increasing by 26,687 persons every year or about 73 persons per day.

Naga City, the provincial capital, was the most populous city

Of the two cities and 35 municipalities in Camarines Sur, Naga City, the capital of the province, was the largest in terms of population size, accounting for about 8.9 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by Iriga City (5.73 percent), the municipalities of Libmanan (5.70 percent), and Nabua (4.57 percent). The least populous was the municipality of Gainza (0.54 percent).

Predominantly Bicolanos

Of the total household population, about 95 percent classified themselves as Bicolanos or Bikolanos. Over 3 percent classified themselves as Tagalog. The remaining 2 percent was under the other ethnic groups that included Kankanai/ Kankaney, Surigaonon and Bisaya/Binisaya.

Sex ratio recorded at 104

In 2000, there were approximately 104 males for every 100 females in the province, slightly higher than the 1995 and 1990 figures (both 103).

Economically active persons increased by 11 percent

In 2000, about 55 percent of the total population or 852,351 persons belonged to productive ages (aged 15 to 64 years). This resulted to an 11 percent increase from the 1995 figure of 770,801 persons. The percentage of total population belonging to the 0 - 14 years declined from 42.4 percent in 1990 to about 41 percent in 2000. On the other hand, the proportion of 65 years old and over increased from 54,468 persons in 1995 to 65,667 persons in 2000. Thus, the overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 82, lower than the 1995 ratio of 86. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 82 dependents, i.e., 74 young dependents and 8 old dependents.

Half of the population were below 19 years old

Camarines Sur had a median age of 19 years, higher by one year than the 1995 median age. This implied that half of the total population of the province were below 19 years old.

More than two in every five females belonged to the childbearing ages

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 46 percent of the total females, the same proportion reported five years ago.

More than half of the population belonged to voting ages

There were 814,274 persons or over 52 percent of the total population who can participate during election (18 years old and over). Among them, the proportion of males (51 percent) was higher than females (49 percent).

Nine in every ten persons five years old and over had attended school

About 90 percent of the total population five years old and over had attended school, of which 49 percent in elementary; 27 percent, high school; and 14 percent with college education or post baccalaureate.

Males dominated among those who had attended school, particularly from elementary to post secondary levels while females dominated among those who had higher education.

Single men outnumbered single women

Single and married persons both shared about 45 percent each of the total population 10 years old and over. On the other hand, the proportion of those who separated or divorced increased from 0.42 percent in 1995 to 0.67 percent in 2000. Those with other arrangements increased from 2.06 percent in 1995 to 4.36 percent in 2000.

Among single and married persons, there was a higher percentage of men (54 percent and 50.4 percent, respectively) than women (46 percent and 49.6 percent, respectively). As expected, there were more widows (76 percent) than widowers (24 percent).

,B>Single houses were preferred

A large proportion (95 percent) of the occupied housing units in Camarines Sur in 2000 were single houses. Over 60 percent of the housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. Over 37 percent of occupied housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

Median floor area was 21 square meters

The median floor area of occupied houses in Camarines Sur was 21 square meters. This implied that half of the total occupied housing units had a floor area of below 21 square meters. About 23.9 percent had 10 to 19 square meters; 23.8 percent, less than 10 square meters; and 19.1 percent, 20 to 29 square meters. About 3 percent of the total housing units reported to have floor area of at least 120 square meters.

Construction materials of roof and outer walls of the houses improved

In 2000, out of 283,604 occupied housing units in Camarines Sur, the proportion with roof made of galvanized iron or aluminum was 49 percent, an improvement of about 22 percentage points from the figure recorded a decade ago. On the other hand, the proportion with walls made of concrete, brick, or stone was 28 percent, two times higher than the figure recorded in 1990.

 

 

CAMARINES SUR

Camarines Sur is in the central part of the Bicol Peninsula at the southern tip of Luzon Island. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Quezon and Camarines Norte, San Miguel Bay, and the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Lagonoy Gulf, on the west by Ragay Gulf, and on the south by Albay.

Camarines Sur is the largest of Bicol's six provinces. At its center lies the Bicol Plain. This is surrounded by mountains, two of which, Isarog and Iriga, are extinct volcanoes. To the east is the Caramoan Peninsula.

Originally, Camarines was one political unit but in 1829, the province was divided into two, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur. In 1854, the two provinces were again united to form the province of Ambos Camarines. However, in 1857, they were again separated until 1893.

The Philippine Legislature Act No. 2711 of March 10, 1917, divided the province into Norte and Sur. Naga City, the provincial capital, was founded in 1573 as Nueva Caceres, after Caceres in Spain. On June 18, 1948, RA No. 305 created the City of Naga, which was inaugurated on December 16 of the same year.

Sources: CM LANCION, JR., Fast Facts About Philippine
Provinces, Tahanan Books Manila
www.lcp.org.ph/f-naga.html

 

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Cities and Municipalities: Camarines Sur, 2000

Cities/Municipalities Total Population Percent
CAMARINES SUR 1,551,549 100.00
     Naga City 137,810 8.88
     Iriga City 88,893 5.73
     Libmanan 88,476 5.70
     Nabua 70,909 4.57
     Buhi 67,762 4.37

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Camarines Sur, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio

CAMARINES SUR

1,551,549 791,338 760,211 104.1
     Under 5 215,524 110,608 104,916 105.4
     5-9 215,584 111,302 104,282 106.7
     6-14 202,423 103,427 98,996 104.5
     15-19 164,892 85,589 79,303 107.9
     20-24 128,238 66,020 62,218 106.1
     25-29 102,365 52,178 50,187 104.0
     30-34 97,242 49,580 47,662 104.0
     35-39 87,876 45,374 42,502 106.8
     40-44 77,115 39,571 37,544 105.4
     45-49 64,526 33,203 31,323 106.0
     50-54 53,973 26,990 26,983 100.0
     55-59 41,443 20,663 20,780 99.4
     60-64 34,681 16,701 17,980 92.9
     65-69 25,089 11,923 13,166 90.6
     70-74 18,980 8,796 10,184 86.4
     75-79 11,419 5,201 6,218 83.6
     80 and over 10,179 4,212 5,967 70.6

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Camarines Sur, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
CAMARINES SUR 1,333,917 679,375 654,542
     No Grade Completed 66,394 35,120 31,274
     Pre-school 36,588 18,634 17,954
     Elementary 651,972 340,685 311,287
     High School 356,098 179,869 176,229
     Post Secondary 35,985 18,730 17,255
     College Undergraduate 105,427 50,514 54,913
     Academic Degree Holder 42,489 16,567 25,922
     Post Baccalaureate 3,975 1,563 2,412
     Not Stated 34,989 17,693 17,296

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Camarines Sur, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
CAMARINES SUR 1,549,388 789,954 759,434
     Bikol/Bicol 1,470,248 749,834 720,414
     Tagalog 52,754 26,779 25,975
     Kankanai/Kankaney 2,976 1,518 1,458
     Surigaonon 2,071 1,040 1,031
     Bisaya/Binisaya 1,249 572 677
     Others 10,618 5,320 5,298
     Not Reported 9,472 4,891 4,581

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Camarines Sur, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/ Others Unknown
CAMARINES SUR 1,118,401 504,511 499,048 49,374 7,526 48,763 9,179
     Below 20 366,954 348,083 9,242 403 215 3,937 5,074
     20 to 24 127,867 86,261 30,603 351 461 8,654 1,537
     25 to 29 102,066 34,660 57,383 510 743 8,119 651
     30 to 34 96,964 14,901 73,108 945 939 6,651 420
     35 to 39 87,637 7,398 71,617 1,573 1,083 5,685 281
     40 to 44 76,973 4,160 64,376 2,505 1,091 4,618 223
     45 to 49 64,429 2,677 54,005 3,381 887 3,319 160
     50 to 54 53,897 1,963 43,714 4,735 742 2,588 155
     55 to 59 41,398 1,307 32,368 5,335 495 1,745 148
     60 to 64 34,637 1,042 25,344 6,366 357 1,383 145
     65 to 69 25,053 735 16,830 6,232 232 921 103
     70 to 74 18,953 575 11,110 6,428 155 578 107
     75 to 79 11,409 325 5,726 4,924 57 310 67
     80 and over 10,164 424 3,622 5,686 69 255 108

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Camarines Sur, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and
Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
CAMARINES SUR 283,604 139,619 1,944 11,447 2,362 121,411 2,058 4,763
     Concrete/Brick
     /Stone
79,553 71,805 1,437 1,201 107 4,882 45 76
     Wood 56,502 26,223 123 1,711 1,447 26,542 228 228
     Half Concrete/
     Brick Stone
      and Half Wood
40,028 24,822 198 6,363 209 8,286 63 87
     Galvanized Iron/
     Aluminum
1,759 1,023 18 299 34 366 6 13
     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/ Nipa
93,280 12,966 - 1,644 511 77,050 521 588
     Asbestos 244 150 60 14 5 - - 15
     Glass 216 158 36 11 4 - - 7
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
     Improvised
      Materials
4,566 937 - 77 11 2,332 1,160 49
     Others/
     Not Reported
7,136 1,365 36 120 28 1,864 33 3,690
     No Walls 320 170 36 7 6 89 2 10

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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