Camiguin, One of the Least Populated Provinces in the Philippines

Reference Number: 

2002-029

Release Date: 

Monday, March 18, 2002

 


Camiguin, the smallest province in Northern Mindanao (Region X), had a total population of 74,232 persons based on the results of the 2000 Census of Population and Housing. It was the second to the smallest in the Philippines in terms of population. It registered an annual growth rate of 1.88 percent from 1995 to 2000, higher than the 1.08 percent growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. If the current rate continues, the population of Camiguin was expected to double in 37 years.

The number of households rose to 14,826, higher by 1,352 households from the 1995 figure. The average household size was 5.0 persons (same as the national average), which was lower than the 1995 average of 5.04 persons.

Of the five municipalities in Camiguin, its capital Mambajao, which comprised 42 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. Catarman, Mahinog, and Sagay followed with 21 percent, 17 percent and 14 percent, respectively. Of the total population, Guinsiliban had the least share (seven percent).

Camiguin had the least population in Northern Mindanao (Region X), contributing only 2.70 percent to the 2.7 million population of the region. At the national level, Camiguin shared 0.10 percent to the total Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Camiguin had a median age of 21 years, this meant that half of the population were aged 21 years and below. In 2000, the 0 to 14 age group made up 37 percent of the total population in Camiguin while those aged 65 years and above comprised six percent. The economically active population aged 15 to 64 years made up of 57 percent.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex the ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 54 years. However, the females dominated their male counterparts in the age group 55 years old and over.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 76. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 76 dependents (65 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 11 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 overall dependency ratio was lower than the 80.5 ratio reported in 1995.

Of the total household population five years old and over, about two out of five persons had attended or completed elementary education. Thirty one percent had either attended or finished high school while 12 percent had attended college. Only four percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (53.1 percent) and post secondary (54.7 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished college, academic degree holders and post baccalaureate were predominantly females.

About 45 percent of the total population in Camiguin classified themselves as Cebuano. Kamigin/Kinamiging followed with 36 percent and the Boholanos, with 11 percent. The remaining three percent were either Binisaya or belonged to other ethnic groups.

Almost half (47 percent) of the total population 10 years old and above were single while 43 percent were married. The remaining 10 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, common-law/live-in or with unknown marital status.

There were 15,449 housing units in Camiguin, of which 14,735 were occupied. This registered an increase of 23.3 percentage points from 1990, a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing unit, and 5.03 persons per occupied housing unit. Almost all (98.6 percent) occupied housing units were single houses, an increase of 22 percentage points from the 1990 figure.

 

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

CAMIGUIN

Camiguin lies off the coast of Misamis Oriental in the Bohol Sea. Seven volcanoes rise in the middle of the island province of Camiguin and have shaped both the land and the culture of the people.

Camiguin was part of the district of Misamis during the Spanish regime. When Misamis was created as a separate corregimiento, Camiguin was made part of the new district as a division or partido de Catarman. In 1929, Camiguin, together with the eastern coast of Misamis became the province of Misamis Oriental. It was made a sub-province, by virtue of Republic Act No. 5058 in 1957 and was established as a province through Republic Act No. 4669 in 1966. The new province was inaugurated in 1968. It was the province with the least population in Northern Mindanao (Region X) and second to the smallest in the Philippines.

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex : Camiguin, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Camiguin 74,232 100.0 37,847 36,385
     Catarman 15,386 20.7 7,864 7,522
     Guinsiliban 5,092 6.9 2,620 2,472
     Mahinog 12,592 17.0 6,368 6,224
     Mambajao (Capital) 30,806 41.5 15,657 15,149
     Sagay 10,356 14.0 5,338 5,018

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Camiguin, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Camiguin 74,232 37,847 36,385 104.0
     Under 1 2,058 1,051 1,007 104.4
     1 to 4 6,930 3,581 3,349 106.9
     5 to 9 9,349 4,753 4,596 103.4
     10 to 14 9,131 4,711 4,420 106.6
     15 to 19 7,420 3,937 3,483 113.0
     20 to 24 5,742 2,969 2,773 107.1
     25 to 29 5,088 2,620 2,468 106.2
     30 to 34 4,838 2,494 2,344 106.4
     35 to 39 4,624 2,408 2,216 108.7
     40 to 44 3,839 2,007 1,832 109.6
     45 to 49 3,123 1,597 1,526 104.7
     50 to 54 2,875 1,446 1,429 101.2
     55 to 59 2,495 1,231 1,264 97.4
     60 to 64 2,234 1,054 1,180 89.3
     65 to 69 1,671 761 910 83.6
     70 to 74 1,204 547 657 83.3
     75 to 79 827 341 486 70.2
     80 & Over 784 339 445 76.2

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Camiguin, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Camiguin 65,146 33,147 31,999
     No Grade Completed 2,655 1,461 1,194
     Pre-School 1,876 948 928
     Elementary 27,293 14,481 12,812
     High School 20,430 10,242 10,188
     Post Secondary 2,060 1,126 934
     College Undergraduate 7,570 3,611 3,959
     Academic Degree Holder 2,764 1,041 1,723
     Post Baccalaureate 151 54 97
     Not Stated 347 183 164

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Camiguin, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Camiguin 74,134 37,779 36,355
     Boholano 8,497 4,362 4,135
     Cebuano 33,394 16,930 16,464
     Kamigin/Kinamiging 26,716 13,703 13,013
     Bisaya/Binisaya 838 423 415
     Others 1,264 639 625
     Not Reported 3,425 1,722 1,703

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Camiguin, 2000

Age
Group
Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Camiguin 55,895 26,248 24,190 2,894 690 1,817 56
     Below 20 16,551 16,232 152 5 4 132 26
     20 - 24 5,742 4,265 1,107 2 27 336 5
     25 - 29 5,088 2,169 2,525 11 53 329 1
     30 - 34 4,838 1,155 3,344 26 84 229 -
     35 - 39 4,624 739 3,553 52 74 206 -
     40 - 44 3,839 463 3,020 80 96 179 1
     45 - 49 3,123 322 2,445 125 100 129 2
     50 - 54 2,875 260 2,241 185 86 101 2
     55 - 59 2,495 206 1,885 267 67 65 5
     60 - 64 2,234 158 1,583 412 42 33 6
     65 - 69 1,671 107 1,071 430 24 36 3
     70 - 74 1,204 73 672 424 15 19 1
     75 - 79 827 57 366 380 8 14 2
     80 & Over 784 42 226 495 10 9 2

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and
Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Camiguin, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population Housing Unit Occupied
Housing Unit
Camiguin 14,735 14,826 74,134 1.01 5.03
     Single House 14,526 14,615 72,903 1.01 5.02
     Duplex 90 91 459 1.01 2.10
     Multi-Unit Residential 39 40 164 1.03 4.21
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 16 16 95 1.00 5.94
     Institutional Living Quarters 2 2 5 1.00 2.50
     Other Housing Units 3 3 9 1.00 3.00
     Not Reported 59 59 499 1.00 8.46

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

 

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

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