Catanduanes: Two Out of Five Housing Units Built from 1996 to 2000

Reference Number: 

2002-130

Release Date: 

Friday, September 6, 2002

 

Population expected to increase by 1.33 percent annually

The total population of Catanduanes, as of May 1, 2000, was 215,356 persons. This implies an increase of 12,892 persons over the 1995 census figure or an average annual population growth rate of 1.33 percent, slightly lower (0.17 percentage point) than the annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 41,019 households, higher by 2,697 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 5.25 persons, slightly lower than the average household size (5.28 persons) recorded five years ago.

The population of the province will double after fifty-two years

If the average growth rate of the population continues at 1.33 percent, the population of Catanduanes is expected to double after 52 years, increasing by 2,864 every year or about 8 persons per day.

Virac, the provincial capital, was the most populous municipality

Of the eleven municipalities in Catanduanes, the municipality of Virac, the capital of the province, was the largest in terms of population size, accounting for about 26.5 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by the municipalities of San Andres (14.6 percent), and Caramoran (11 percent). The smallest was the municipality of Gigmoto (3.3 percent).

Ninety nine percent were Bicolanos

The predominant ethnic group in this province was Bikol, with 98.7 percent of the total household population, slightly higher than the 1995 figure (97.7 percent). About less than a percent (0.3 percent) classified themselves as Tagalog.

Half of the population below 20 years old

Catanduanes had a median age of 20 years, higher by one year than the 1995 median age. This implied that half of the total population of the province were below 20 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 104

Males have always outnumbered the females since 1970. In 2000, there were approximately 104 males for every 100 females in the province. The same sex ratio was also reported in 1990 and 1995.

More population aged 5-9 years

In 2000, the age-sex structure of Catanduanes slightly deviated from the usual pyramid shape as shown in Figure 1. The age group 5-9 years slightly protrudes as compared to the lowest age group. This age group also occupied the largest proportion of the total population.

More than two of every five females belonged to the childbearing age group

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 44 percent of the total female population, from 43 percent in 1995.

Over a half of the population belonged to legal age for election

There were 114,397 persons or about 53 percent of the total population who can participate during election (18 years old and over), with an almost equal number of males and females.

Economically active persons increased by 9 percent

About 54 percent of the total population or 115,355 persons belonged to productive age (aged 15 to 64 years). This resulted to a nine percent increase from the 1995 figure of 105,864 persons. Two of every five persons were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while more than six percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 86, lower than the 1995 ratio of 91. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 86 dependents, i.e., 75 young dependents and 11 old dependents.

Nine of every ten persons five years old and over had attended school

About 91 percent of the total population five years old and over had attended school, of which 46.6 percent in elementary; 26.2 percent, high school; 3.2 percent, post secondary; and 14.5 percent with college education or post baccalaureate.

Males dominated among those who had attended school, particularly from elementary to high school levels as well as among college undergraduates.

Single men outnumbered single women

Among single persons, there was a higher percentage of men (54.3 percent) than women (45.7 percent). In contrast, higher percentages of legally married and widowed were reported for females (50.1 percent and 75.8 percent, respectively) than for males (49.9 percent and 24.2 percent, respectively)..

Married persons in 2000 accounted for 44.5 percent of the total population 10 years old and over, slightly lower than the reported figure of 47.9 percent in 1995. On the other hand, never-married or single persons increased, from 45.1 percent in 1995 to 46.0 percent in 2000. The widowed accounted for 4.8 percent in 2000 while those with other arrangements constituted 3.6 percent, up from 1.8 percent in 1995.

Two out of five houses were new

Majority of the housing units were single houses (97 percent). Over 57 percent of the housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. About 43 percent were built from 1996 to 2000.

Median floor area was 25 square meters

Half of the total housing units reported to have a floor area of below 25 square meters. About four percent of the total housing units reported to have floor area of at least 120 square meters.

Several houses were made of strong materials

A number of housing units in Catanduanes were made of strong materials. About 59 percent of the housing units had roof made of galvanized iron, and about 29 percent had outer walls made of wood. Also, about 28 percent had outer walls made of either concrete, brick, and stone while 22 percent, bamboo, sawali, cogon, nipa or anahaw.

CATANDUANES

Catanduanes is an island province in the Bicol region, southeast of Luzon. It is separated from the mainland by the Maqueda Channel on the west and Lagonoy Gulf on the south. The north and east sides are open to the Pacific Ocean.

The whole island is virtually one single mountain mass, with low mountains rising almost directly from the western shore. There is a narrow depression in the midsection of the island and limited plains along the cost facing the Pacific. Catanduanes' geographical position exposes it to frequent typhoons. It has no dry season as rain falls throughout the year.

The province was formerly known as Catanduan, or "where tando trees abound".

Throughout the Spanish era and the American occupation, Catanduanes was a sub-province of Albay. It became a separate province under Commonwealth Act No. 687 on September 26, 1945.

Source: CM LANCION, JR., Fast Facts About Philippine
               Provinces, Tahanan Books Manila

  (Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities: Catanduanes, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent
Catanduanes 215,356 100.00
     Virac 57,067 26.50
     San Andres 31,463 14.61
     Caramoran 23,790 11.05
      Viga 18,105 8.41
      Bato 17,761 8.25

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2.Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Catanduanes, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Catanduanes 215,356 109,515 105,841 103.5
     Under 5 29,105 14,983 14,122 106.1
     5-9 30,104 15,513 14,591 106.3
     10-14 27,639 14,174 13,465 105.3
     15-19 22,320 11,663 10,657 109.4
     20-24 16,678 8,652 8,026 107.8
     25-29 13,690 7,172 6,518 110.0
     30-34 12,987 6,597 6,390 103.2
     35-39 11,771 6,087 5,684 107.1
     40-44 9,774 5,072 4,702 107.9
     45-49 8,171 4,077 4,094 99.6
     50-54 7,323 3,547 3,776 93.9
     55-59 6,595 3,234 3,361 96.2
     60-64 6,046 2,831 3,215 88.1
     65-69 4,596 2,196 2,400 91.5
     70-74 3,741 1,698 2,043 83.1
     75-79 2,361 1,029 1,332 77.3
     80 and over 2,455 990 1,465 67.6

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Catanduanes, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Catanduanes 186,069 94,429 91,640
     No Grade Completed 10,751 5,539 5,212
     Pre-school 3,871 1,898 1,973
     Elementary 86,736 44,710 42,026
     High School 48,670 25,442 23,228
     Post Secondary 6,049 2,981 3,068
     College Undergraduate 16,072 8,089 7,983
     Academic Degree Holder 9,780 3,831 5,949
     Post Baccalaureate 1,165 430 735
     Not Stated 2,975 1,509 1,466

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Catanduanes, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Catanduanes 215,151 109,400 105,751
     Bikol/Bicol 212,253 108,051 104,202
     Tagalog 646 289 357
     Kankanai/Kankaney 438 229 209
     Cebuano 189 81 108
     Bisaya 182 56 126
     Others 1,171 543 628
     Not Reported 272 151 121

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5.Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Catanduanes, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Catanduanes 156,147 71,861 69,507 7,489 1,040 5,682 568
     Below 20 49,959 48,135 906 50 23 518 327
     20 to 24 16,678 11,710 3,646 36 56 1,145 85
     25 to 29 13,690 5,214 7,258 48 77 1,047 46
     30 to 34 12,987 2,540 9,465 101 110 759 12
     35 to 39 11,771 1,301 9,474 185 158 632 21
     40 to 44 9,774 764 8,108 270 159 463 10
     45 to 49 8,171 538 6,769 404 123 327 10
     50 to 54 7,323 408 6,025 507 114 258 11
     55 to 59 6,595 348 5,279 692 99 169 8
     60 to 64 6,046 265 4,652 915 48 159 7
     65 to 69 4,596 184 3,318 966 32 91 5
     70 to 74 3,741 187 2,419 1,045 20 58 12
     75 to 79 2,361 115 1,255 946 9 31 5
     80 and over 2,455 152 933 1,324 12 25 9

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Catanduanes, 2000


CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/Not
Reported
Catanduanes 40,146 23,510 679 1,291 202 13,337 787 340
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 11,162 9,913 586 314 5 319 5 20
     Wood 11,623 6,392 32 219 111 4,764 86 19
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
6,352 4,731 40 578 30 923 20 30
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
326 242 5 25 4 46 3 1
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
8,681 1,586   114 45 6,811 90 35
     Asbestos 21 14 4         3
     Glass 12 9 2         1
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
1,550 504   34 3 416 578 15
     Others/Not Reported 371 87 5 7 2 50 5 215
     No Walls 48 32 5   2 8   1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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