Population of Cebu (excluding highly urbanized cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue) increased at the rate of 1.94 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Cebu (excluding highly urbanized cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue) posted a total population of 2,619,362 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 458,793 persons compared to its total population of 2,160,569 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.94 percent. This is lower than the 2.37 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.94 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Cebu would double in 36 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Cebu was only 1,003,874 persons. This population size is less than half of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
City of Talisay was the most populous
Among the six cities and 44 municipalities comprising the province of Cebu (excluding the highly urbanized cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu, and Mandaue), the City of Talisay was the most populous with a population size making up 7.7 percent of the total provincial population. The City of Toledo was second with 6.0 percent share, followed by the City of Danao (4.6 percent), municipalities of Minglanilla (4.3 percent), and City of Carcar and municipality of Consolacion (4.1 percent each). The rest of the cities and municipalities contributed less than 4.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Tudela with 0.4 percent share to the total population of the province. It was also the least populated area in 1990 and 2000.
Sex ratio was 103 males per 100 females
Of the 2,613,842 household population in 2010, males accounted for 50.8 percent while females comprised 49.2 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 103 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (102 males for every 100 females).
Median age increased to 23.0 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 23.0 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 23.0 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.8 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, one in every three persons (34.1 percent) was under 15 years old. Children aged 0 to 4 years (11.6 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 5 to 9 years (11.5 percent) and 10 to 14 years (11.0 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 54 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (55 years and over).
Six in every 10 of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 59.5 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 55.2 percent in 2000. There were more males (50.2 percent) than females (49.8 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 64 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 34.1 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 5.1 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 60.8 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 64, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 64 dependents (56 young dependents and eight old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 76 dependents per 100 working-age population (68 young dependents and eight old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 44.8 percent were married while 44.0 percent were never married. The rest of the population was categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (5.8 percent), widowed (4.4 percent), and divorced/separated (0.9 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 54.2 percent were males while 45.8 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the 2,310,280 household population aged five years and over, 43.5 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 32.1 percent had reached or finished high school, 7.4 percent were college undergraduates, and 7.7 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (51.8 percent) outnumbered the males (48.2 percent). Similarly, more females (60.1 percent) than males (39.9 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.5 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 39,400 persons or 1.5 percent of the 2,613,842 household population had a disability. The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.6 percent of the 2,151,873 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 35,000.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 2,310,280 household population five years and over, 3.0 percent (or 69,835 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.5 percent) than males (46.5 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 69,835 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 66.5 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 25.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps, 22.8 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid, 16.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating, 11.6 percent had difficulty in communicating, and 11.2 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 2,010,281 household population 10 years old and over in Cebu, 1.7 percent (or 33,400 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 74.3 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 22.4 percent of the total overseas workers from this province in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (19.7 percent), 25 to 29 years (17.7 percent), and 35 to 39 years (17.5 percent).
Average household size was 4.6 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 565,583, higher by 136,463 households compared with the 429,120 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.6 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.0 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 560,243 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Cebu in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.7 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.1 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, 20.8 percent of the occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of wood, down from 28.5 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, on the other hand, increased from 18.9 percent in 2000 to 33.7 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 84.8 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 72.1 percent.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 565,583 households in 2010, 62.1 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 52.2 percent.
Moreover, 26.2 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 9.0 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 1.5 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.