City of Manila: Experienced a Negative Population Growth Rate

Reference Number: 

2002-175

Release Date: 

Thursday, October 10, 2002

 

Population growth rate slowed down to 0.97%

The population of City of Manila, as of May 2000, was 1,581,082 persons. This was down by 73,679 persons as compared to 1,654,761 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN). For the period 1995 to 2000, the annual population growth rate for the City of Manila was 0.97 percent, lower than that of the 1990 to 1995 period (0.62 percent).

The number of households decreased to 333,547 as compared to 347,173 households in 1995. The average household size recorded in Census 2000 was 4.71 persons, slightly lower than the 1995 figure of 4.74 persons and the national average of five persons.

City of Manila, the second biggest city in the National Capital Region in terms of population

Manila ranked second in terms of population size in the National Capital Region. This city contributed 15.92 percent to the 9.9 million population in the region. At the national level, the city shared 2.07 percent of the total population of 76.5 million.

Tondo, the most populated

Manila is composed of six congressional districts, of which District I and VI had the biggest population with 23.95 percent and 23.67 percent, respectively of the population of the city.

Tondo which is in two congressional districts (District I and II) was the biggest city district in terms of population size, accounting for 37.34 percent of the total city population. The least populous city districts were Intramuros and Ermita, both under District Five with only 7,466 persons (0.47 percent) and 5,969 persons (0.38 percent), respectively.

 

Median age was 24 years

City of Manila had a median age of 24 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 24 years old. In 1995, the median age was 23 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 95

Females outnumbered their male counterparts with a sex ratio of 95 males for every 100 females. The same sex ratio was recorded in 1995.

 

Overall dependency ratio was 51

The proportion of young dependents (0 to 14 years) was 30.2 percent, while the proportion of old dependents (65 years and over) accounted for 3.5 percent of the city population. The proportion of economically active population (15 to 64 years) was 66.3 percent.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 50.81. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 51 dependents (46 young dependents and five old dependents).

Higher percentage of female voters

Out of the total population, there were 1.01 million persons or 64.07 percent belonging to the voting population where the proportion of females (52.02 percent) was slightly higher as compared to that of the males (47.98 percent).

More than half of females were in childbearing ages

Out of 810,591 females, 471,307 or 58 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive ages (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, was reported by women aged 20 to 24 years (20.57 percent).

More educated females than males

About 24 percent of the household population aged five years and over in Manila attended or completed elementary; 34.58 percent, high school; and 32.87 percent with higher education. On the other hand, the number of children aged 5 to 6 years who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 23,514 pupils (1.69 percent).

There were more females who attended school. They dominated in number in all levels.

Three out of four were Tagalogs

Of the total household population, 76.7 percent classified themselves as Tagalog. The rest were either Ilocano (3.2 percent), Bisaya/Binisaya (2.8 percent), Bikol/Bicol (2.5 percent), Waray (2.3 percent), or belonged to other ethnic groups (11.1 percent).

Widowed were mostly women

About 44 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while 42.52 percent were married. The remaining 13.76 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There were an almost equal proportion of women (50.40 percent) and men (49.60 percent) among single persons. On the other hand, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (79.05 percent) than widowers (20.95 percent).

Majority of the houses had roof and walls made of strong materials

Majority of the housing units in Manila had galvanized iron/aluminum (76.01 percent) for the roof. For the outer walls, 41.83 percent had half concrete/brick/stone and half wood; 29.32 percent, concrete/brick/stone; and 24.40 percent, wood.

Of the total occupied housing units, 31.38 percent had the combination of galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof and half concrete/brick/stone and half wood for the walls.

Majority of the housing units needed no repair/minor repair

About three out of four housing units in the City of Manila needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only; 22 percent, needed major repair; 0.7 percent with unfinished constructions; and 0.4 percent, under construction.

 

CITY OF MANILA

Manila is located in the mainland of Luzon. It is bounded on the north by the City of Caloocan, on the northeast by the City of Quezon, on the east by the Municipality of San Juan and the City of Mandaluyong, on the southeast by City of Makati, on the south by City of Pasay, and on the west by Manila Bay.

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

June 20, 1574 - King Philip II gave the City of Manila the title "Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad" (Distinguished and Ever Loyal City) through a Royal decree.

1595 - it was declared as the capital of the Archipelago and the Royal Decree of March 20, 1596, granted Manila its coast of arms.

July 7, 1892 - the secret revolutionary organization, the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangan Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK), was organized by Andres Bonifacio in the arrabal of Tondo.

August 30, 1896 to August 7, 1901 - Manila was under a military government.

1967 - RA No. 5185, the Decentralization Act, further gave greater autonomy to the City of Manila.

Source: Website of League of Cities(www.lcp.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Barangay: City of Manila, 2000

Barangay

Total Population

Percent

City of Manila

1,581,082

100.00

     Tondo

590,307

37.34

     Sampaloc

352,329

22.28

     Sta. Ana

177,480

11.23

     Sta. Cruz

107,154

6.78

     Pandacan

79,003

5.00

     Malate

77,398

4.90

     Paco

64,184

4.06

     San Nicolas

41,517

2.63

     Port Area

25,243

1.60

     Quiapo

24,615

1.56

     San Miguel

16,798

1.06

     Binondo

11,619

0.73

     Intramuros

7,466

0.47

     Ermita

5,969

0.38

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: City of Manila, 2000

Age Group

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

City of Manila

1,581,082

770,491

810,591

95.05

     Under 1

38,448

19,587

18,861

103.85

     1 to 4

140,783

72,046

68,737

104.81

     5 to 9

155,705

79,378

76,327

104.00

     10 to 14

142,137

70,980

71,157

99.75

     15 to 19

163,893

75,645

88,248

85.72

     20 to 24

182,695

85,741

96,954

88.43

     25 to 29

153,728

75,673

78,055

96.95

     30 to 34

132,007

66,002

66,005

100.00

     35 to 39

109,822

54,670

55,152

99.13

     40 to 44

95,286

47,239

48,047

98.32

     45 to 49

76,842

37,996

38,846

97.81

     50 to 54

62,728

30,744

31,984

96.12

     55 to 59

37,831

17,939

19,892

90.18

     60 to 64

33,557

14,980

18,577

80.64

     65 to 69

22,759

9,503

13,256

71.69

     70 to 74

15,210

6,252

8,958

69.79

     75 to 79

9,336

3,406

5,930

57.44

     80 & Over

8,315

2,710

5,605

48.35

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: City of Manila, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment

Household Population
5 Years Old & Over

Male

Female

City of Manila

1,390,467

674,950

715,517

     No Grade Completed

30,981

15,793

15,188

     Pre-School

29,434

15,084

14,350

     Elementary

328,351

157,662

170,689

     High School

480,834

234,825

246,009

     Post Secondary

86,894

42,690

44,204

     College Undergraduate

249,179

124,744

124,435

     Academic Degree Holder

113,935

50,921

63,014

     Post Baccalaureate

6,981

3,140

3,841

     Not Stated

63,878

30,091

33,787

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: City of Manila, 2000

Age Group

Total Population
10 Yrs & Over

Single

Married

Widowed

Divorced/Separated

Others

Unknown

City of Manila

1,246,146

544,737

529,845

55,484

23,112

68,017

24,951

     Below 20

306,030

275,361

12,305

1,305

666

5,837

10,556

     20 - 24

182,695

119,248

42,823

1,013

1,783

13,575

4,253

     25 - 29

153,728

61,861

72,890

1,087

2,587

12,403

2,900

     30 - 34

132,007

33,263

81,710

1,526

3,263

10,315

1,930

     35 - 39

109,822

19,469

75,447

2,206

3,482

8,041

1,177

     40 - 44

95,286

11,952

68,982

3,510

3,415

6,394

1,033

     45 - 49

76,842

7,681

56,456

4,526

2,859

4,640

680

     50 - 54

62,728

5,421

45,290

6,101

2,230

3,022

664

     55 - 59

37,831

3,083

26,334

5,454

1,127

1,469

364

     60 - 64

33,557

2,683

21,216

7,342

842

1,050

424

     65 -69

22,759

1,849

12,820

6,686

425

578

401

     70 - 74

15,210

1,231

7,346

5,799

243

355

236

     75 - 79

9,336

942

3,770

4,199

103

185

137

     80 & Over

8,315

693

2,456

4,730

87

153

196

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: City of Manila, 2000

Ethnicity

Both Sexes

Male

Female

City of Manila

1,569,584

766,518

803,066

     Tagalog

1,204,567

593,625

610,942

     Ilocano

49,831

23,155

26,676

     Bisaya/Binisaya

44,332

20,206

24,126

     Bikol/Bicol

39,295

18,795

20,500

     Waray

35,654

17,139

18,515

     Others

155,888

73,615

82,273

     Other Foreign Ethnicity

19,006

9,845

9,161

     Not Reported

21,011

10,138

10,873

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof : City of Manila, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS

Total
Occupied
Housing
Units

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF

Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum

Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile

Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete

Wood

Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw

Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials

Asbestos/
Others

Not Reported

City of Manila

305,104

231,901

12,375

35,545

15,257

113

4,434

1,198

4,281

     Concrete/Brick/
     Stone

89,442

75,214

9,767

2,766

645

19

63

968

-

     Wood

74,450

57,069

609

4,012

12,165

35

497

63

-

     Half Concrete/
     Brick/Stone
      and Half Wood

127,625

95,730

1,830

27,699

2,122

26

180

38

-

     Galvanized Iron/
     Aluminum

1,960

1,228

34

529

113

4

49

3

-

     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/Nipa

116

82

-

13

12

6

3

-

-

     Asbestos

76

45

2

20

5

-

-

2

2

     Glass

90

52

3

19

12

-

-

4

-

     Makeshift/Salvaged/
     Improvised
     Materials

5,088

1,279

6

105

76

16

3,547

51

8

     Others/
     Not Reported

5,811

1,009

94

223

97

3

68

55

4,262

     No Walls

446

193

30

159

10

4

27

14

9

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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Page last revised: October 10, 2002

 

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