Compostela Valley: Young Population Dominated the Newly Formed Province

Reference Number: 

2002-104

Release Date: 

Tuesday, August 6, 2002

 

Total population increased by 60,134 persons

The population of Compostela Valley, as of May 2000 was 580,244 persons. This was up by 60,134 persons as compared to 520,110 persons in 1995. The highest population growth rate recorded for Compostela Valley since 1970 was during the intercensal period 1975 to 1980 at an annual growth rate of 6.33 percent. The lowest was during the period 1990 to 1995 at 2.07 percent. The annual growth rate for the period 1995 to 2000 was 2.37 percent.

In 2000, the number of households was 120,766 with an average household size of 4.80 persons, lower than the national average of five persons.

The newly formed province ranked fifth in Southern Mindanao

Compostela Valley ranked fifth in terms of population size among the six provinces comprising Southern Mindanao (Davao, Compostela Valley, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Sarangani and South Cotabato) and two highly urbanized cities (Davao City and General Santos City) contributing 11.18 percent to 5.2 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 0.76 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Monkayo was the biggest municipality

Among the 11 municipalities comprising the province, Monkayo was the biggest in terms of population size contributing 14.79 percent to the total provincial population. Maco and Pantukan, followed with 11.23 percent and 10.65 percent, respectively. Nabunturan, the provincial capital, ranked fifth (10.43 percent to the total provincial population). The least populous were Mabini and Mawab with 5.52 percent each.

Compostela Valley had a median age of 18 years

Compostela Valley had a young population with a median age of 18 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 18 years old. In 1995, the median age was 19 years.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 110 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in almost all age groups except in the 80 years and over.

Overall dependency ratio was 73

The percentage of the total population belonging to age group 0 to14 years was 39.2 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 3.1 percent, while 57.7 percent belonged to the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years old).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 73.35. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 73 dependents (68 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 5 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was recorded at 79.

Three out of five degree holders were females

More than half (53.48 percent) of the population five years old and over had completed elementary education; 26.11 percent, high school; and only two percent were academic degree holders.

Males dominated the elementary (55.22 percent) and post secondary levels (51.93 percent). Females on the other hand, dominated the high school level (50.34 percent), those with academic degree holders (62.29 percent) and with post baccalaureate courses (60.43 percent).

Home of the Cebuanos

More than half of the population classified themselves as Cebuano (52.3 percent). Only 12.3 percent classified themselves as Boholano, 8.8 percent as Bisaya/Binisaya and 26.24 percent belonged to other ethnic groups.

Majority of singles were men

Among single individuals, there were more males (57.15 percent) than females (42.85 percent). The reverse was true among widowed persons.

One-third of the housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters

Out of 117,752 occupied housing units, 32.5 percent had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters and 30 percent with less than 10 square meters. In 2000, the median floor was 15.9 square meters, lower than that of 1990 (15.48 square meters).

A number of houses were made of strong materials

More houses in Compostela Valley had strong materials for their houses. About 69 percent had galvanized iron/aluminum for their roof, while 17 percent had cogon/nipa/anahaw. As to the construction materials of the outer walls, 55.7 percent had wood and 21.6 percent had bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa.

COMPOSTELA VALLEY

Compostela Valley, one of the newest provinces in the Philippines, is bounded by the province of Davao and the Davao Gulf on the west, Agusan del Sur on the north and by the province of Davao Oriental on the east and south. The valley is an extensive flat alluvial plain hemmed by mountains along the boundaries with Davao Oriental and Davao provinces.

Compostela Valley enjoys a typhoon free climate and an even rainfall throughout the year.

Compostela Valley is part of Davao Gulf Area Development Zone, which seeks to integrate the development of highly urbanized and industrialized centers with surrounding rural areas. The province is set to take part in regional initiatives as a prime source of raw materials, and major producer of rice and corn, as well as bananas, coffee and coconuts.

Compostela Valley was part of Davao until it was created as a province by virtue of RA 8470 in 1998.

Source: Website of the League of Provinces In the Philippines(www.leagueofprovinces.com)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex: Compostela Valley, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Compostela Valley 580,244 100.00 303,633 276,611
     Compostela 61,667 10.63 31,770 29,897
     Laak (San Vicente) 59,450 10.25 31,361 28,089
     Mabini (Dona Alicia) 32,058 5.52 16,608 15,450
     Maco 65,181 11.23 33,699 31,482
     Maragusan 45,937 7.92 23,992 21,945
     Mawab 32,003 5.52 16,569 15,434
     Monkayo 85,830 14.79 45,943 39,887
     Montevista 33,225 5.73 17,418 15,807
     Nabunturan 60,543 10.43 31,414 29,129
     New Bataan 42,549 7.33 22,143 20,406
     Pantukan 61,801 10.65 32,716 29,085

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Compostela Valley, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Compostela Valley 580,244 303,633 276,611 109.77
     Under 1 14,160 7,196 6,964 103.33
     1 to 4 58,644 29,818 28,826 103.44
     5 to 9 79,268 40,494 38,774 104.44
     10 to 14 75,668 38,295 37,373 102.47
     15 to 19 62,337 32,184 30,153 106.74
     20 to 24 51,330 27,495 23,835 115.36
     25 to 29 45,029 24,145 20,884 115.61
     30 to 34 42,632 23,047 19,585 117.68
     35 to 39 36,541 19,712 16,829 117.13
     40 to 44 30,745 16,550 14,195 116.59
     45 to 49 23,522 12,602 10,920 115.40
     50 to 54 17,417 9,340 8,077 115.64
     55 to 59 13,587 7,216 6,371 113.26
     60 to 64 11,588 6,208 5,380 115.39
     65 to 69 7,740 4,076 3,664 111.24
     70 to 74 5,008 2,665 2,343 113.74
     75 to 79 2,780 1,469 1,311 112.05
     80 & Over 2,248 1,121 1,127 99.47

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Compostela Valley 506,917 266,204 240,713
     No Grade Completed 34,131 17,922 16,209
     Pre-School 10,981 5,571 5,410
     Elementary 271,077 149,688 121,389
     High School 132,337 65,715 66,622
     Post Secondary 6,139 3,188 2,951
     College Undergraduate 30,311 14,428 15,883
     Academic Degree Holder 10,361 3,907 6,454
     Post Baccalaureate 460 182 278
     Not Stated 11,120 5,603 5,517

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Compostela Valley, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Compostela Valley 428,172 192,982 191,831 14,367 3,306 22,234 3,452
     Below 20 138,005 130,178 2,907 121 101 2,472 2,226
     20 - 24 51,330 32,861 13,357 111 201 4,319 481
     25 - 29 45,029 14,763 25,398 211 317 4,091 249
     30 - 34 42,632 6,966 31,609 369 391 3,163 134
     35 - 39 36,541 3,357 29,584 649 488 2,389 74
     40 - 44 30,745 1,881 25,472 945 503 1,889 55
     45 - 49 23,522 1,074 19,603 1,091 397 1,322 35
     50 - 54 17,417 647 14,021 1,469 334 912 34
     55 - 59 13,587 444 10,533 1,702 216 653 39
     60 - 64 11,588 326 8,526 2,094 163 442 37
     65 - 69 7,740 211 5,314 1,820 104 267 24
     70 - 74 5,008 145 3,116 1,500 52 165 30
     75 - 79 2,780 58 1,489 1,118 20 81 14
     80 & Over 2,248 71 902 1,167 19 69 20

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Compostela Valley, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Compostela Valley 579,719 303,216 276,503
     Cebuano 303,002 158,058 144,944
     Bohalano 71,346 37,688 33,658
     Bisaya/Binisaya 50,823 26,352 24,471
     Mansaka 32,052 16,513 15,539
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 27,551 14,560 12,991
     Others 92,385 48,647 43,738
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 106 70 36
     Not Reported 2,454 1,328 1,126

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Compostela Valley, 2000


Type of Building Occupied Housing Units Households Household Population Ratio of Households & Household Population
Households to
Occupied
Housing Units
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Units
Compostela Valley 117,752 120,766 579,719 1.03 4.92
     Single House 111,600 114,247 552,025 1.02 4.95
     Duplex 2,078 2,194 9,711 1.06 4.67
     Multi-Unit Residential 2,668 2,885 10,760 1.08 4.03
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 487 500 2,095 1.03 4.30
     Institutional Living Quarters 18 25 94 1.39 5.22
     Other Housing Units 5 5 18 1.00 3.60
     Not Reported 896 910 5,016 1.02 5.60

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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