|TABLE A Comparative Construction Statistics|
|First Quarter, 2019 and 2018|
|(Details may not add up to total due to rounding)|
|Type of Construction||First Quarter 2019
(January - March)
|First Quarter 2018
(January - March)
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||9,521,634||8,569,328|
|Value (PHP '000)||115,809,311||101,729,310|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||4,256,685||5,081,222|
|Value (PHP '000)||45,209,253||64,438,566|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||5,092,088||3,376,501|
|Value (PHP '000)||54,323,672||31,098,918|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||172,861||111,605|
|Value (PHP '000)||1,866,017||1,044,518|
|Alteration and Repair|
|Value (PHP '000)||14,410,370||5,147,308|
Number of constructions up by 10.4 percent during the first quarter of 2019
The total number of constructions in the first quarter of 2019 reached 39,762, based on the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This reflects an increase of 10.4 percent from the 36,002 constructions recorded during the same quarter of 2018.
By type of construction, residential building reported the highest number at 27,528 or 69.2 percent. Compared with the first quarter of 2018, this type of construction was 8.5 percent higher this quarter. The growth was mainly attributed to the increase of single-type houses (12.3%).
The number of non-residential constructions at 6,449 accounted for 16.2 percent of the total, posting 15.4 percent increase from the 5,587 constructions recorded during the same period of 2018. All the types of non-residential constructions recorded increases as follows: agricultural (55.2%), institutional (26.9%), industrial (21.7%) and commercial (7.0%) buildings; and other non-residential structures (50.0%).
The number of additions to existing structures at 1,580 (4.0%) was higher by 22.2 percent from the 1,293 recorded during the same quarter of 2018. Similarly, the combined number of alterations and repairs of existing structures at 4,205 (10.6%) increased by 11.8 percent from the 3,760 projects recorded in the same quarter of previous year.
Figure 1 compares the number of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018.
The top five regions, in terms of number of constructions, collectively comprised 62.9 percent of the total constructions. Number of constructions in CALABARZON remained highest at 8,989 or 22.6 percent of the total. Central Visayas ranked second with 5,186 (13.0%) constructions. Other regions in the top five were:
- Central Luzon with 3,943 (9.9%) constructions
- Davao Region with 3,555 (8.9%) constructions
- Ilocos Region with 3,349 (8.4%) constructions
Figure 2 shows the distribution of constructions by region.
At the provincial level, the top five provinces accounted for 27.1 percent of the total constructions. Cavite with 3,833 constructions continued to account for the biggest share of 10.6 percent. Negros Oriental and Davao del Sur, which ranked second and third, had respective shares of 1,815 (5.0%) and 1,725 (4.8%) constructions. Completing the top five provinces with the most number of constructions were Batangas with 1,706 (4.7%) and Laguna with 1,693 (4.7%).
Total value of constructions increases by 13.8 percent
Total value of constructions, which was estimated at PHP115.8 billion, went up by 13.8 percent compared with the PHP101.7 billion registered during the first quarter of 2018.
Residential constructions which was valued at PHP45.2 billion accounted for 39.0 percent of the total. This represents a decrease of 29.8 percent compared with the construction value of PHP64.4 billion during the first quarter of 2018. The decrease in the total value of residential constructions was contributed by residential condominiums (65.7%), duplex/quadruplex (17.6%), apartment/accessoria (11.2%), and other residential (99.5%).
Construction value of non-residential buildings, amounting to PHP54.3 billion recorded an increase of 74.7 percent compared with the PHP31.1 billion construction value during the first quarter of previous year. This was attributed to the increases in the construction values of all types of non-residential constructions led by commercial (119.4%).
Similarly, construction value of additions to existing structures amounting to PHP1.9 billion or 1.6 percent of the total, increased by 78.6 percent from the PHP1.0 billion posted in the same period of 2018. Combined construction value of alteration and repair of existing structures, estimated at PHP14.4 billion (12.4%), went up by 180.1 percent from PHP5.1 billion in the same quarter of 2018.
Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018.
In terms of value of construction, the combined shares of the top five regions, amounting to PHP89.9 billion, comprised 77.6 percent of the total. NCR, which ranked sixth in the number of constructions, was the highest in terms of value estimated at PHP36.4 billion or 31.4 percent of the total. Other regions in the top five were:
- CALABARZON, PHP16.4 billion (14.2%)
- Davao Region, PHP15.2 billion (13.1%)
- Central Visayas, PHP12.0 billion (10.4%)
- Central Luzon, PHP9.9 billion (8.5%)
Average cost per square meter of residential-type construction declines by 16.3 percent
The average cost per square meter of residential constructions for the first quarter of 2019 was estimated at PHP10,621, declined by 16.3 percent from the previous year’s average cost of PHP12,682. This was brought about by the decreases in the average cost per square meter of residential condominiums (19.6%), duplex/quadruplex (5.7%), apartment/accessoria (1.9%) and other residential (10.1%).
Among the types of residential construction, residential condominiums recorded the highest average cost per square meter of PHP15,094. This type reported a total of 28 constructions with construction value of PHP11.7 billion and a total floor area of 774.2 thousand square meter.
Single-type houses placed second with an average cost of PHP9,949 per square meter. Number of constructions for this type was recorded at 24,456 with construction value of PHP26.3 billion and total floor area of 2.6 million square meter.
Duplex/quadruplex-type dwellings with an average cost of PHP9,553 per square meter placed third. This type of construction had 362 projects with construction value of PHP0.5 billion and total floor area of 55.3 thousand square meter.
Figure 4 displays the number and value of residential constructions by type for the first quarter of 2019.
Average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions up by 15.8 percent
The average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions was recorded at PHP10,668, which was 5.8 percent higher than the PHP9,210 average cost in the same quarter of 2018. This was attributed to the increases in the average cost per square meter of commercial (20.9%), institutional (16.0%) and industrial (8.5%) buildings.
Among the non-residential constructions, institutional-type reported the highest average cost per square meter of PHP16,211. This type of building reported a total of 1,372 constructions or 21.3 percent of the total. Total value of construction for this type amounted to PHP15.4 billion with a total floor area of 953.2 thousand square meters.
Commercial-type building followed with an average cost of PHP10,626 per square meter. This type of building reported a total of 3,828 constructions or 59.4 percent of the total non-residential constructions. Construction value for this type was estimated at PHP30.1 billion and a total floor area of 2.8 million square meters.
Industrial-type buildings came third with an average cost of PHP7,084 per square meter. Number of constructions for this type was 667 (10.3%), total construction value of PHP7.2 billion and total floor area of 1.0 million square meters.
Figure 5 shows the number and value of non-residential constructions by type for the first quarter of 2019
FOR THE OIC-DEPUTY NATIONAL STATISTICIAN:
(Sgd) VIVIAN R. ILLARINA
Assistant National Statistician
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits for the first quarter of 2019.
For this publication, data for the provinces of Mountain Province, Surigao del Sur, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-tawi were not included in the tabulation as these provinces did not submit any approved building permit or certification of no construction during the reference period, before the generation of preliminary tables. However, if any, these are to be included in the annual tabulation.
Data are presented in monthly and quarterly statistical tables at the provincial level by type of construction.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
- Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
- The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) as of December 2017. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
- floor area
- type of construction
- value of construction
The preliminary tables are revised to include building permit documents received after the cut-off period in the annual tabulation.
The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of construction and by period according to form of ownership.
Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the PSA website, the annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipality level by type of construction and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division (ISD) under the Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) of the PSA.
Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the Undersecretary, National Statistician and Civil Registrar General, Philippine Statistics Authority, 2nd Floor PSA-TAM Building PSA Complex, East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.
Preliminary and final results of construction statistics are made public in the form of Quarterly Special Releases posted in the PSA website (www.psa.gov.ph) 65 days after the reference quarter and Annual Special Release, eight months after the reference year. The Quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 60 days after the reference quarter while the Annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data, including data from documents which were submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.
Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.