|TABLE A Comparative Construction Statistics|
|Fourth Quarter, 2018 and 2017|
|(Details may not add up to total due to rounding)|
|Type of Construction||Fourth Quarter 2018
(October - December)
|Fourth Quarter 2017
(October - December)
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||10,445,927||7,742,007|
|Value (PHP '000)||122,404,322||81,698,269|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||5,423,990||3,858,423|
|Value (PHP '000)||57,511,957||41,583,446|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||4,860,131||3,732,844|
|Value (PHP '000)||53,379,972||34,712,720|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||161,806||150,740|
|Value (PHP '000)||1,451,462||1,181,951|
|Alteration and Repair|
|Value (PHP '000)||10,060,930||4,220,152|
Number of constructions from approved building permits increases
- The total number of constructions from approved building permits in the fourth quarter of 2018 reached 40,369. This reflects an increase of 20.7 percent from the 33,445 constructions recorded during the same quarter in 2017.
- Of the types of construction, residential building was the highest at 29,845 or 73.9 percent of the total constructions. Compared with the fourth quarter of previous year, the number of residential constructions was 26.0 percent higher in the fourth quarter of 2018. All types of residential constructions, except other residential, recorded increases as follows: residential condominiums (106.5%), duplex/quadruplex (78.3%), apartment/accessoria (27.2%) and single-type houses (25.2%).
- Meanwhile, non-residential constructions, which accounted for 5,491 or 13.6 percent of the total, posted 12.0 percent increase, from the 4,903 constructions recorded during the same period of previous year. The growth was brought about by the increases in the number of the following types of building: institutional with 1,267 (52.7%); industrial, 664 (19.9%); and commercial, 3,232 (3.3%).
- Number of addition to existing structures at 1,226 (3.0%), increased by 6.7 percent from the 1,149 recorded during the same period of 2017. Likewise, combined number of alterations and repairs of existing structures at 3,807 (9.4%), grew by 2.9 percent from the 3,700 recorded during the same period of previous year.
Figure 1 compares the number of constructions by type for the fourth quarter of 2018 and 2017.
- During the quarter, the top five regions in terms of number of constructions, collectively comprised 65.2 percent of the total. CALABARZON continued to account for the biggest share with 10,243 constructions or 25.4 percent of the total. Central Visayas with 5,569 constructions or a share of 13.8 percent to total, ranked second. Other regions in the top five were:
- Central Luzon with 4,411 (10.9%) constructions
- National Capital Region (NCR) with 3,114 (7.7%) constructions
- Davao Region with 2,966 (7.3%) constructions
Figure 2 shows the distribution of constructions by region for the fourth quarter of 2018.
- At the provincial level, the top 10 provinces accounted for 49.1 percent of the total. Cavite remained highest with 5,675 constructions or a share of 14.1 percent to the total. Cebu and Bohol with 2,309 (5.7%) and 1,645 (4.1%) constructions, ranked second and third, respectively. Completing the list of top 10 provinces with the most number of constructions were:
- Davao Del Sur with 1,636 (4.1%)
- Batangas with 1,608 (4.0%)
- Negros Oriental with 1,562 (3.9%)
- Laguna with 1,537 (3.8%)
- Fourth District of NCR with 1,437 (3.6%)
- Negros Occidental with 1,217 (3.0%)
- Misamis Oriental with 1,193 (3.0%)
- Relative to the same period of previous year, constructions in Cavite at 5,675 went up by 81.4 percent, the highest among the provinces in terms of number.
Total value of constructions posts 49.8 percent increase
- Total value of constructions during the quarter at PHP122.4 billion went up by 49.8 percent compared with the PHP81.7 billion recorded in the fourth quarter of 2017.
- Residential constructions, which comprised 47.0 percent of the total was valued at PHP57.5 billion, the highest among the types of construction. Relative to the fourth quarter of previous year’s construction value of PHP41.6 billion, it increased by 38.3 percent. This was attributed to the increases in the construction values of residential condominiums (73.4%), duplex/quadruplex (69.0%), single-type houses (21.4%) and apartment/accessoria (20.8%).
- Total value of non-residential constructions at PHP53.4 billion accounted for 43.6 percent. Compared with the PHP34.7 billion construction value recorded during the fourth quarter of previous year, it was higher by 53.8 percent. This was influenced by the double-digit increases in the construction values of industrial (84.5%), institutional (66.8%) and commercial (47.8%) types of building.
- Similarly, construction values of addition to existing structures, amounting to PHP1.5 billion, increased by 22.8 percent from the PHP1.2 billion recorded during the same period of 2017. Combined construction values of alteration and repair of existing structures, estimated at PHP10.1 billion, also went up by 138.4 percent from the PHP4.2 billion registered in the same quarter of 2017.
Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the fourth quarter of 2018 and 2017.
- In terms of value of construction, the combined share of the top five regions, amounting to PHP98.3 billion comprised 80.3 percent of the total. NCR, which ranked fourth in the number of constructions was the highest in terms of value, with PHP43.7 billion or more than one-third (35.7%) of the total. Other regions in the top five were:
- CALABARZON, PHP20.3 billion (16.5%)
- Davao Region, PHP12.6 billion (10.3%)
- Central Luzon, PHP10.9 billion (8.9%)
- Central Visayas, PHP10.8 billion (8.8%)
Average cost per square meter of residential-type construction decreases by 1.6 percent
- The average cost per square meter of residential constructions in the fourth quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP10,603, a decline of 1.6 percent compared with the same quarter of previous year’s average cost of PHP10,777. This was brought about by the decreases in the average cost per square meter of residential condominiums (20.3%) and other residential construction (41.1%).
- Single-type houses with 25,254 constructions or a share of 84.6 percent to the total, dominated all other types of residential constructions. This type of construction was valued at PHP23.5 billion, with a total area of 2.5 million square meters or an average cost of PHP9,502 per square meter.
- Apartment/accessoria-type units came next with 3,918 constructions or 13.1 percent of the total. This type of construction, valued at PHP9.3 billion, had a total floor area of 960.6 thousand square meters or an average cost of PHP9,729 per square meter.
- Duplex/quadruplex-type dwellings, with 560 constructions or 1.9 percent of the total, ranked third. Total construction value for this type of construction was estimated at PHP864.5 million, with a total floor area of 85.9 thousand square meters or an average cost of PHP10,062 per square meter.
- Residential condominiums followed with 64 constructions or 0.2 percent of the total. It was valued at PHP23.7 billion, with a total floor area of 1.9 million square meters or an average cost of PHP12,518 per square meter.
Figure 4 displays the number and value of residential constructions by type in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions is higher by 18.1 percent
- The average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions was recorded at PHP10,983. This was 18.1 percent higher than the PHP9,299 recorded during the same period of 2017. The increment was attributed to the increases in the average cost per square meter of institutional (32.5%), industrial (18.8%) and commercial (14.9%) buildings. On the other hand, a decrease of 6.0 percent in the average cost per square meter was noted for agricultural buildings.
- Among the non-residential constructions, commercial-type buildings posted the highest number at 3,232 or 58.9 percent of the total. Construction value for this type was estimated at PHP31.3 billion, with a total floor area of 2.6 million square meters or an average cost of PHP11,968 per square meter.
- Institutional-type buildings with 1,267 constructions or 23.1 percent of the total, ranked second. Total value of construction for this type, which amounted to PHP11.7 billion, had a total floor area of 805.6 thousand square meters or an average cost of PHP14,582 per square meter.
- Industrial-type buildings came third, with 664 constructions or 12.1 percent of the total. Total construction value for this type was estimated at PHP9.1 billion, with a total floor area of 1.2 million square meters or an average cost of PHP7,467 per square meter.
- Agricultural-type buildings recorded a total of 218 constructions or 4.0 percent of the total. Total construction value for this type was PHP1.0 billion, with a total floor area of 216.7 thousand square meters or an average cost of PHP4,746 per square meter.
Figure 5 shows the number and value of non-residential constructions by type for the fourth quarter of 2018.
(Sgd) ROSALINDA P. BAUTISTA
Sectoral Statistics Office
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits for the fourth quarter of 2018.
For this publication, data for the provinces of Mountain Province, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-tawi were not included in the tabulation as these provinces did not submit any approved building permit or certification of no construction during the reference period, before the generation of preliminary tables. However, if any, these are to be included in the annual tabulation.
Data are presented in monthly and quarterly statistical tables at the provincial level by type of construction.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
- Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
- The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) as of December 2017. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
- floor area
- type of construction
- value of construction
The preliminary tables are revised to include building permit documents received after the cut-off period in the annual tabulation.
The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of construction and by period according to form of ownership.
Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the PSA website, the annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipality level by type of construction and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division (ISD) under the Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) of the PSA.
Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the Undersecretary, National Statistician and Civil Registrar General, Philippine Statistics Authority, 2nd Floor PSA-TAM Building PSA Complex, East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.
Preliminary and final results of construction statistics are made public in the form of Quarterly Special Releases posted in the PSA website (www.psa.gov.ph) 65 days after the reference quarter and Annual Special Release, eight months after the reference year. The Quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 60 days after the reference quarter while the Annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data, including data from documents which were submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.
Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.