Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits for the Year 2012

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Monday, September 30, 2013



This Special Release presents the final data series on construction statistics from approved building permits for the year 2012.

The final data set provides updates to the 2012 Quarterly Special Releases on construction statistics. The sources of updates are additional approved building permits collected after cut-off dates because of data collection constraints. These additional documents were not yet available for inclusion in the quarterly tabulation of data on designated target dates. Building constructions without approved building permits are not included in the statistics presented in this report.

Annual final tables are presented in Tables 1 to 5, while quarterly final tables are presented in Tables 6 to 9. 


Summary of Results

1. The country’s new construction projects from approved building permits in 2012 was recorded at 121,051. This number posted an annual increase of 7.2 percent compared to 112,881 construction projects in 2011 (see Table A).
2. Residential-type building construction in 2012 grew by 7.1 percent to 87,347 from 81,537. Likewise, non-residential construction exhibited a growth of 7.2 percent to 15,952 from 14,881 projects (see Table A).
3. Moreover, combined number for additions, alterations and repairs of existing structures showed a 7.8 percent increment to 17,752 from 16,463 recorded in 2011 (see Table A). Figure 1 compares the number of new construction projects for 2011 and 2012.
4. Among the regions, Region IVA (CALABARZON) reported the highest number of construction projects at 27,729 or 22.9 percent of the total approved building permits during the year 2012 (Table 1). Other regions with the highest number of construction projects were the following:
  • Central Visayas with 14,353, (11.9%)
  • National Capital Region with 13,854, (11.4%)
  • Central Luzon with 13,509, (11.2%).
5. Moreover, combined number for additions, alterations and repairs of existing structures showed a 7.8 percent increment to 17,752 from 16,463 recorded in 2011 (see Table A). Figure 1 compares the number of new construction projects for 2011 and 2012.
6. At the provincial level, Cavite reported the biggest share with 11,498 or 9.5 percent of the total approved building permits in 2012. Other provinces with most number of construction projects were the following:
  • Cebu with 7,377, (6.1%)
  • Laguna with 5,553, (4.6%)
  • Bulacan with 5,512, (4.6%)
  • Davao del Sur with 5,283, (4.4%)
  • Batangas with 4,826, (4.0%)
  • Rizal with 4,119, (3.4%)

Figure 2 shows the distribution of approved building permits by region.


7. Total floor area of construction for 2012 was estimated at 26.0 million square meters. This figure is higher by 21.9 percent compared to 21.3 million square meters in 2011.

8. Residential building construction recorded a total floor area of 13.7 million square meters, reflecting an average cost per square meter of PHP9,196, and an increase of 7.1 percent from PHP8,585 per square meter reported in 2011. Moreover, total floor area for non-residential building construction in 2012 reached 11.3 million square meters. This translates to an average cost of PHP9,923 per square meter, indicating a decline of 2.1 percent from PHP10,135 in 2011.

9. Value of construction in 2012 was estimated at PHP261.8 billion, representing a growth of 22.9 percent from PHP213.0 billion recorded in 2011.

10. Value of residential construction, accounting for almost half (48.1%) of the total value of construction, grew by 25.6 percent to PHP125.9 billion from previous year’s value of PHP100.2 billion. Similarly, value of non-residential building construction amounting to PHP112.1 billion, rose by 24.6 percent from PHP90.0 billion reported in 2011.

11. Furthermore, combined value for additions, alterations and repairs of existing structures was estimated at PHP23.9 billion. This value increased 4.7 percent from PHP22.8 billion registered in 2011. Figure 3 compares the aggregate value of construction by type of building for 2011 and 2012. 








The collection of approved building permit forms started in 1977 when the National Census and Statistics Office and the Department of Local Government and Community Development entered into an informal agreement in 1976 to implement the provisions of the national building code and monitor the building permit forms. Later on January 6, 1978, Memorandum of Agreement between NCSO and the former Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communication (DPWTC) defined the agencies’ responsibilities in the collection of private construction statistics. From then on, the collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of construction statistics became the responsibility of the NCSO (now the National Statistics Office, NSO) while the printing of the building permit forms became the responsibility of the DPWTC (now the Department of Public Works and Highways, DPWH).

With the devolution of some functions of the National Government to the LGUs under the 1991 Local Government Code, the implementation of the National Building Code is vested in the city or municipal government. In 1993, a joint Memorandum Circular was issued by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the DPWH defining the duties and responsibilities of the municipality/city engineers relative to the implementation of the National Building Code (NBC). As a result, the printing of the building permit and certificate of completion forms became the responsibility of the local building official. The production of construction statistics from approved building permit remained the responsibility of the NSO.

Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures undertaken in all cities/municipalities of the country.

Source of Information

Construction statistics are compiled by the National Statistics Office (NSO) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition permits collected every month by NSO field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.

Limitations of Data

1.    Data on building constructions refer to those proposed to be constructed during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.

2.    The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.

Geographic Classification

Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC). The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines. It consists of 17 administrative regions as approved under Executive Order No. 36 dated 19 September 2001 (Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao) and Executive Order No. 103 dated 17 May 2002 (Dividing Region IV into Region IV-A and Region IV-B, transferring the province of Aurora to Region III).

The geographic codes are in accordance with NSCB Resolution No. 3, Series of 2005 that approved the PSGC.

Industry Classification

Construction statistics utilizes the amended 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification to classify the main activity through the use or type of occupancy of the building.


The number of building permit forms accomplished by the applicant comes in five (5) copies.

The “NSO copy” of the approved building permit is made available within the first five (5) working days after each reference month. Collections of these documents from the Local Building Official (LBO) in city/municipality are undertaken by NSO field personnel within this period.

Collected documents for each month are properly checked as to its completeness by verifying the beginning and ending numbers indicated in the permit numbers. Missing numbers are indicated, with corresponding reasons, in the transmittal. In cases where there is no construction in a given month in a municipality, a certification that there was no construction is provided by the LBO to the NSO field staff.

Data Processing

Data processing of approved building permits is done both manually and mechanically. Copies of documents collected from the offices of LBOs are properly controlled, sorted, edited and coded, folioed and encoded in the NSO provincial offices. During machine validation, inconsistent and invalid entries which are flagged in an error listing are corrected in the data file. This process is repeated until there are no more inconsistent or erroneous entries found in the error listing. The validated data files are then forwarded to NSO Central Office for further processing and consolidation of data files for the generation of preliminary tables. Data files received after the cut-off dates of submission set for each quarter are to be included in the final data.

Preliminary results are based from data files that have undergone data processing in the provincial offices. Hence, preliminary results may be revised to include documents received after cut-off period for preliminary tabulation and/or due to additional data processing and evaluation at the Central Office. The revision of statistics for a particular quarter is reflected in the annual tables which are considered as the final data. The annual tables are generated when all the monthly tables for the year have been completed and finalized.

Statistics Generated

Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide monthly data on building construction at the municipality level nationwide.

            These statistics include:

  •  number
  •  floor area
  • type of building
  • value of construction

Statistical Tables

The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of building and by period according to form of ownership.  Preliminary tables are generated 90 days after the reference quarter while annual tables are generated eight months after the reference year. Statistical tables at the municipal level are also generated and are published.

Unpublished Data

Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the NSO website, annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipal level by type of building and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division of the National Statistics Office.

Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the Administrator, National Statistics Office, Solicarel Bldg. I, Ramon Magsaysay Blvd. Sta. Mesa, Manila.


Construction statistics derived from approved building permits are made public in the form of Special Releases posted in the NSO website ( The quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 90 days after the reference quarter while the annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data including the revisions made in the preliminary results and data from documents which are submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.

Definition of Terms

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the Local Building Official (LBO) to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to an all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.

Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.

Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes these type commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestocks, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.