Cotobato City: Females Dominated the City (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-126

Release Date: 

Friday, September 6, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 2.38 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) results showed that Cotabato City registered a total population of 163,849 persons, higher by 17,070 persons over the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. This figure recorded a 2.38 percent annual population growth rate, lower by 0.35 percentage point than the annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 31,227 households, higher by 4,134 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 5.17 persons, slightly higher than the average household size (5.38 persons) recorded five years ago and the national average of five persons.

The population of the city will double after twenty-nine years

The population of Cotabato City will increase 3,900 persons annually and expected to double by year 2029 if the population growth rate (2.38 percent) will not change with in the said period.

Poblacion VII, the most populated barangay

Of the thirty-seven barangays in the City of Cotabato, Poblacion VII was the largest in terms of population size, comprising about 7 percent of the total population of the city. This was followed by Rosary Heights 10 (6.53 percent), and Poblacion (5.92 percent). The least populous was Tamontaka V (0.84 percent).

More than half were Maguindanaon

More than 50 percent of the residents of Cotabato City classified themselves as Maguindanaon. About 14 percent classified themselves as Cebuano, 10 percent as Tagalog while over seven percent classified themselves as Iranon and 19 percent as other ethnic groups/not reported.

Half of the population below 26 years old

Maguindanao had a median age of 26 years, slightly higher than the 1995 median age of 25 years. This meant that half of the population were below 26 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 95.07

Female population outnumbered their male counterparts. The sex ratio (number of males for every 100 females) of the city was 95.07. In 1995, the sex ratio was recorded at 95.3.

More females aged 15-19 years old

In 2000, the age-sex structure of Cotabato City deviated from the usual pyramid shape as shown in Figure 1 where the females in the age group 15-19 protrudes among the lower age groups. This age group also occupied the largest proportion of the total population.

More than a half of females belonged to the childbearing age group

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 56.31 percent of the total female population, almost the same with the 1995 figure (56.06).

Over half of the population belonged to legal age for election

There were 94,247 persons or about 58 percent of the total population belonging to legal age for election. Among them, the proportion of females was higher (52 percent) than that of the males (48 percent).

Economically active persons increased by about 15 percentage points

More than 62 percent of the total population or 102,310 persons belonged to productive age (aged 15 to 64 years). This resulted to a 15 percentage points increase from the 1995 figure of 88,995. More than 35 percent were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while more than two percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 60.15, lower than the 1995 ratio of 61.45. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 60 dependents, i.e., 56 young dependents and four old dependents.

Four out of every five population attended school

About 83 percent of the total household population, aged 5 years and over, had at least attended or completed elementary education: 31 percent, elementary; 25 percent, high school; and 26.5 percent with higher education.

Female population dominated among those who had attended school. It was noted that from elementary up to post baccalaureate, females had the highest proportion than among males.

Single and married population tied with 46 percent each

Both single and married population constituted an equal proportion to the total household population 10 years old and over. Both shared 46 percent each.

Single persons were dominated by females (52 percent). As expected, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (76 percent) than the widowers (24 percent).

Most of the households preferred single houses

Majority of the housing units were single houses (86 percent). Over 76 percent of the total housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only, and about 28 percent were built from 1996 to 2000.

More than half of housing units had floor area of less than 10 to 19 square meters

About 53 percent of the housing units had floor area of less than 10 to 19 square meters: The proportion of housing units with less than 10 square meters floor area was 26.45 percent, 26.21 percent with 10-19 square meters; and seven percent, with at least 120 square meters.

A large proportion of houses were made of strong materials

Sixty seven percent of the housing units had roof made of galvanized iron, higher by 16 percentage points from the 1990 figure (51 percent). At least one of every five housing units still had a roof made of either of cogon, nipa and anahaw. As to construction materials of the outer walls, 48 percent used wood, higher by 6 percentage points from the 1990 figure (42 percent). Over 17 percent had outer walls of either half concrete, bricks, stone or half wood while 14 percent with bamboo, sawali, cogon, nipa, and anahaw.

 

COTABATO CITY

Cotabato City had witnessed more history than any other place in Mindanao. Its history dates back to the 15th century when Shariff Kabunsuan, an Arab missionary, landed along the banks of the Rio Grande de Mindanao and introduced Islam to the natives. Islam was the faith that moved the early settlers to communal life. He also established the Sultanate of Maguindanao with its golden age ushered in by Sultan Dipatuan Qudarat during the 17th century, the time when Cotabato City developed as the capital town of Maguindanao.

On July 1, 1950, the then Municipality of Cotabato was made first class municipality under Executive Order No. 466. Nine Years later, on June 20, 1959, it was created into a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 2364.

Today, Cotabato City is the seat of two administrative regions: Region XII and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The City currently serves as the center for economic support activities (trade and finance), education and other support services such as social, physical, cultural and other basic services of Central Mindanao.

Source:www.nscb.gov.ph/ru12/Overview /OVERCOT1.HTM

 

 

 

(Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Barangays: Cotabato City, 2000

Barangay Total Population Percent
Cotabato City 163,849 100.00
     Poblacion VII 11,149 6.80
     Rosary Heights X 10,699 6.53
     Poblacion 9,707 5.92
     Bagua 9,521 5.81
     Rosary Heights III 8,760 5.35

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Cotabato City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Cotabato City 163,849 79,853 83,996 95.1
     Under 1 3,704 1,789 1,915 93.4
     1 to 4 16,021 7,893 8,128 97.1
     5 to 9 19,577 9,930 9,647 102.9
     10 to 14 18,359 9,064 9,295 97.5
     15 to 19 19,965 8,981 10,984 81.8
     20 to 24 16,596 7,490 9,106 82.3
     25 to 29 14,165 6,539 7,626 85.7
     30 to 34 12,917 6,760 6,157 109.8
     35 to 39 11,006 5,475 5,531 99.0
     40 to 44 9,093 4,678 4,415 106.0
     45 to 49 7,141 3,661 3,480 105.2
     50 to 54 5,244 2,690 2,554 105.3
     55 to 59 3,431 1,747 1,684 103.7
     60 to 64 2,752 1,343 1,409 95.3
     65 to 69 1,652 795 857 92.8
     70 to 74 1,072 515 557 92.5
     75 to 79 551 243 308 78.9
     80 and over 603 260 343 75.8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Cotabato City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Cotabato City 141,804 68,298 73,506
     No Grade Completed 14,247 6,344 7,903
     Pre-school 2,351 1,186 1,165
     Elementary 44,422 21,914 22,508
     High School 35,633 17,054 18,579
     Post Secondary 4,447 2,112 2,335
     College Undergraduate 23,900 11,624 12,276
     Academic Degree Holder 8,277 3,760 4,517
     Post Bacalaureate 967 481 486
     Not Stated 7,560 3,823 3,737

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Cotabato City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Cotabato City 161,517 77,971 83,546
     Maguindanaon 81,205 39,360 41,845
     Cebuano 22,590 10,845 11,745
     Tagalog 15,527 7,550 7,977
     Iranon 12,061 5,920 6,141
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 9,679 4,394 5,285
     Binisaya/Bisaya 4,448 2,160 2,288
     Others 6,443 3,149 3,294
     Not Reported 1,078 528 550

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Cotabato City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Cotabato City 124,547 57,075 57,711 4,746 1,172 1,764 2,079
     Below 20 38,324 35,510 1,467 65 49 178 1,055
     20 to 24 16,596 11,125 4,680 51 102 251 387
     25 to 29 14,165 5,246 8,229 107 143 258 182
     30 to 34 12,917 2,377 9,755 204 179 290 112
     35 to 39 11,006 1,048 9,211 285 179 196 87
     40 to 44 9,093 627 7,633 412 168 198 55
     45 to 49 7,141 359 6,015 450 126 137 54
     50 to 54 5,244 279 4,175 565 99 84 42
     55 to 59 3,431 167 2,603 527 52 59 23
     60 to 64 2,752 146 1,848 641 35 53 29
     65 to 69 1,652 73 1,039 470 18 31 21
     70 to 74 1,072 48 563 406 16 18 21
     75 to 79 551 30 253 259 3 3 3
     80 and over 603 40 240 304 3 8 8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Cotabato City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/Not
Reported
Cotabato City 29,794 20,012 237 983 1,807 6,020 58 677
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 5,153 4,984 50 62 27 23 2 5
     Wood 14,393 10,146 126 217 1,523 2,348 19 14
     Half Concrete/Brick Stone and Half Wood 5,076 4,249 35 635 43 108 6  
     Galvanized Iron/Aluminum 90 52 1 25 6 5 1  
     Bamboo/Sawali/Cogon/ Nipa 4,096 419   19 185 3462 9 2
     Asbestos 4 1 2   1      
     Glass 7 6     1      
     Makeshift/salvaged/ improvised materials 78 19   2 4 35 18  
     Others/Not Reported 880 123 22 23 16 38 2 656
     No Walls 17 13 1   1 1 1  

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

With the creation of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) as a result of the plebiscite in 1989, under Republic Act No. 6734, Cotabato City was separated from the province of Maguindanao. Hence, the population of Cotabato City was excluded from that of Maguindanao.


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