Davao City: Population Expected to Double in 24 Years (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-123

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 3, 2002

 

Population to double in 24 years

Davao City recorded a total population of 1,147,116 persons in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000). This was up by 140,276 persons as compared to 1,006,840 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN). For the period 1995 to 2000, the annual population growth rate for Davao City was 2.83 percent, lower than that of the 1990 to 1995 period (3.22 percent). If the current annual population growth rate of the city continues, the population of Davao City was expected to double in 24 years.

The number of households increased to 240,057 as compared to 198,668 households in 1995. The average household size recorded in Census 2000 was 4.77 persons, lower than the 1995 figure of 5.05 persons and the 2000 national average of five persons.

Davao City had the largest population in Southern Mindanao

Davao City was the biggest in Southern Mindanao in terms of population size. This city contributed 22.11 percent to the 5.2 million population in the region. At the national level, the city shared 1.50 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

District Three was the least populous in Davao City

Davao City is composed of three districts, of which districts one and two had the biggest population with 36.42 percent each, while district three with 27.16 percent of the provincial population.

Barangay Buhangin (Pob.) was the biggest barangay in terms of population size, accounting for 5.51 percent of the total. This barangay is part of District Two. The least populous was Barangay 13-B (Pob.), under District One with only 265 persons (0.02 percent).

Davao City had a median age of 22 years

Davao City had a median age of 22 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old. In 1995, the median age was 21 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 99.89

There was an almost equal number of males and females in Davao City. The sex ratio was recorded at 99.89.

Overall dependency ratio was 61

The proportion of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years was 34.87 percent. The age group 65 years and over accounted for 3.10 percent of the city population while 62.01 percent were aged 15 to 64 years (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 61.26. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 61 dependents (56 persons aged 0 to 14 years � young dependents; and 5 persons aged 65 years and over � old dependents).

Slightly higher percentage of female voters

Out of the total population, there were 670,986 persons or 58.49 percent belonging to the voting population where the proportion of females (50.27 percent) was slightly higher as compared to that of the males (49.73 percent).

More than half of females were in child bearing ages

Out of 573,874 females, 315,523 or 55 percent belonged to child bearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, was reported by women aged 15 to 19 years (21.21 percent).

Males dominated the post secondary level

About 34 percent of the household population aged five years old and over in Davao City attended or completed elementary education; 31.67 percent, high school; 6.91 percent with higher education. On the other hand, the number of children aged 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 21,013 (2.09 percent).

Males dominated the pre-school, elementary and post secondary levels with 51.42, 52.18 and 50.70 percent, respectively.

One out of three was a Cebuano

One out of three persons in Davao City classified themselves as Cebuano (33.32 percent). The rest were either Bisaya/Binisaya (31.69 percent), Davaweño (7.84 percent), Boholano (6.61 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (16.01 percent).

Widowed were mostly women

About 45.36 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while 43.83 percent were married. The remaining 10.81 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There were more men than women among single persons, (51.67 percent 48.33 percent, respectively). The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (75.22 percent) than the males (24.78 percent).

Increase in median floor area

Majority of the housing units in Davao City had floor area of 30 to 49 square meters accounting for 24.8 percent. And an increase in 120 square meters and over from 3.2 percent to 5.1 percent, resulting to, increases in median floor area (20.53 percent 10 years ago to 28.2 percent).

Most houses were made of strong materials

Majority of the households in Davao City used galvanized iron/aluminum (86.37 percent) for the roof, while wood (40.3 percent) and concrete/brick/stone (28.8 percent) for the outer walls.

Of the total occupied housing units, 35.44 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and wood for walls.

 

DAVAO CITY
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

March 16, 1936 - Assemblyman Romualdo C. Quimpo sponsored a bill in Congress making Davao a chartered city.

October 16, 1936 - President Manuel L. Quezon signed the said bill into law.

March 1, 1937 - the formal inauguration was held.

Late 70's - the logging industry declined and focused on the banana industry. The province then became the largest exporter of banana.

Early 80's - the city that was called the "sleeping city" was distracted by guerillas and leftist. From time to time, killing on the streets became an ordinary event in the city.

1985 - Davaoeños formed a vigilante group called "Alsa Masa" to drive away the guerillas from the city.

After so many problems encountered by the city, still the people make ways to be recognized and proud. It is now one of the fastest growing cities in the Philippines.

Source: Davao Historical Society and the Philippine Information Agency by Ivan Cortez

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays: Davao City, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
Davao City 1,147,116 100.00
     Buhangin (Pob) 63,207 5.51
     Bucana 58,082 5.06
     Talomo (Pob) 47,034 4.10
     Sasa 40,640 3.54
     Ma-a 39,578 3.45
     Matina Crossing 34,719 3.03
     Pampanga 32,715 2.85
     Panacan 28,047 2.45
     Tibungco 27,402 2.39
     Matina Aplaya 25,032 2.18

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Davao City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Davao City 1,147,116 573,292 573,874 99.90
     Under 1 27,296 13,897 13,399 103.72
     1 to 4 111,375 56,682 54,693 103.64
     5 to 9 133,414 68,458 64,956 105.39
     10 to 14 128,099 64,392 63,707 101.08
     15 to 19 127,366 60,449 66,917 90.33
     20 to 24 117,083 56,791 60,292 94.19
     25 to 29 99,690 49,790 49,900 99.78
     30 to 34 87,001 43,603 43,398 100.47
     35 to 39 74,529 37,579 36,950 101.70
     40 to 44 65,206 32,984 32,222 102.36
     45 to 49 53,811 27,274 25,844 105.53
     50 to 54 39,227 20,055 19,172 104.61
     55 to 59 26,507 13,609 12,898 105.51
     60 to 64 21,631 10,887 10,744 101.33
     65 to 69 14,328 6,915 7,413 93.28
     70 to 74 9,910 4,757 5,153 92.32
     75 to 79 5,919 2,738 3,181 86.07
     80 & Over 5,417 2,382 3,035 78.48

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Davao City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Davao City 1,006,419 501,611 504,808
     No Grade Completed 39,752 20,518 19,234
     Pre-School 27,775 14,282 13,493
     Elementary 342,345 178,623 163,722
     High School 318,702 155,411 163,291
     Post Secondary 41,440 21,012 20,428
     College Undergraduate 145,223 70,396 74,827
     Academic Degree Holder 65,053 28,573 36,480
     Post Baccalaureate 4,512 1,994 2,518
     Not Stated 21,617 10,802 10,815

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Davao City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Davao City 875,031 396,926 383,531 31,842 9,877 42,630 10,225
     Below 20 255,465 240,472 4,854 281 234 3,745 5,879
     20 - 24 117,083 80,517 24,456 218 564 9,538 1,790
     25 - 29 99,690 37,237 51,554 399 983 8,646 871
     30 - 34 87,001 16,706 61,716 690 1,265 6,169 455
     35 - 39 74,529 8,466 58,558 1,190 1,446 4,606 263
     40 - 44 65,206 4,884 53,088 1,950 1,530 3,504 250
     45 - 49 53,118 3,160 43,221 2,749 1,292 2,561 135
     50 - 54 39,227 2,072 31,107 3,383 956 1,613 96
     55 - 59 26,507 1,172 20,162 3,519 636 916 102
     60 - 64 21,631 879 15,178 4,419 428 639 88
     65 - 69 14,328 520 9,254 3,893 260 316 85
     70 - 74 9,910 369 5,659 3,458 150 195 79
     75 - 79 5,919 210 2,819 2,672 76 89 53
     80 & Over 5,417 262 1,905 3,021 57 93 79

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Davao CIty, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Davao City 1,145,033 572,157 572,876
     Cebuano 381,546 191,814 189,732
     Bisaya/Binisaya 362,825 179,229 183,596
     Davaweno 89,800 43,401 46,399
     Boholano 75,721 38,821 36,900
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 42,431 20,910 21,521
     Others 183,326 93,218 90,108
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 4,185 2,329 1,856
     Not Reported 5,199 2,435 2,764

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof : Davao City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Davao City 234,149 202,227 1,453 3,697 7,355 14,493 1,576 697 2,651
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 67,524 65,469 957 743 136 116 20 83 -
     Wood 94,254 82,972 235 458 5,802 4,256 277 254 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
33,220 30,410 160 2,196 230 132 30 62 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
1,109 479 20 64 514 21 6 5 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
30,706 19,879 - 158 566 9,549 321 231 2
     Asbestos 51 44 1 1 1 - - 4 -
     Glass 45 32 2 2 3 - - 5 1
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
2,466 1,223 - 9 29 295 902 7 1
     Others/Not Reported 4,682 1,648 73 64 68 122 16 44 2,647
     No Walls 92 71 5 2 6 2 4 2 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Davao City was excluded in the population counts of Davao del Sur. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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