Davao Oriental: The Slowest Growing Province in Southern Mindanao

Reference Number: 

2002-054

Release Date: 

Wednesday, May 8, 2002

Population growth rate increased to 1.64 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) results showed that Davao Oriental registered a total population of 446,191 persons, higher by 32,719 persons over the 1995 results. This figure translated to 1.64 percent annual growth rate, from 0.87 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded, from 78,553 in 1995 to 86,569 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.15 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.26 in 1995.

Davao Oriental registered the lowest growth rate in Southern Mindanao

Davao Oriental had the lowest growth rate among the six provinces (Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Sarangani and South Cotabato) and two highly urbanized cities (Davao City and General Santos City) in Southern Mindanao (Region XI).

Mati was the most populated municipality

Among the 11 municipalities comprising Davao Oriental, Mati, the provincial capital, was the highest in terms of population. This registered a population of 105,908 or 23.74 percent of the total population of the province. It was followed by Lupon (12.80 percent), Baganga (9.66 percent) and Governor Generoso (9.57 percent). Boston had the smallest population with 2.30 percent of the provincial total.

Table A. Population Growth Rate by Province, Region XI: 2000

Region and Province Growth Rate
1995-2000
Southern Mindanao 2.60
   Compostela Valley 2.37
   Davao del Norte 2.22
   Davao del Sur 2.47
   Davao City 2.83
   Davao Oriental 1.64
   Sarangani 2.43
   South Cotabato 2.30

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Half of the population were below 19 years old

Davao Oriental had a median age of 19 years, higher than the 1995 median age of 17.

Sex ratio was recorded at 106.53

There were 230.2 thousand males and 216.0 thousand females in Davao Oriental. This gave a sex ratio of 106.53 males for every 100 females.

Three dependents for every four economically active persons

Almost 57 percent of the population of Davao Oriental belonged to the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years. About 40 percent were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while almost four percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and over). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 76.7, lower than the 1995 ratio of 82.6. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 77 dependents, i.e., 71 young dependents and six old dependents.

More female than male degree holders

More than 55 percent of household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education. Almost 23 percent had attended or completed high school while six percent were college undergraduates. More than one percent each were academic degree holders and had attended or finished post secondary education. There were more males than females among those who had attended or finished elementary (54.62 percent). On the other hand, there were more females who had attended/completed high school, college and post baccalaureate courses. Among the academic degree holders, three out of five were females.

Most were Davaweños

More than 30 percent of the household population classified themselves as Davaweños. Other ethnic groups included Bisaya/Binisaya (18.51 percent), Cebuano (18.17 percent), Mandaya (14.95 percent) and Boholano (4.78 percent), and Kalagan (3.20 percent).

The proportion of married persons dropped by 6.01 percentage points

Married persons accounted for 45.14 percent of the total persons 10 years old and over, lower than the 1995 figure (51.15 percent). Single persons comprised 44.71 percent in 2000 from 44.32 percent in 1995. The proportion for widowed (3.63 percent) in 2000 was higher than in 1995 (2.59 percent). The remaining 6.52 percent of the persons 10 years old and over includes divorced and others.

Housing unit occupancy rate was almost 100 percent

Out of 84,779 housing units in Davao Oriental, 84,765 units (99.98 percent) were occupied by 86,569 households (445,733 persons). This rate of occupancy was higher than that of the 1990 figure (96.51 percent). It recorded a ratio of 1.02 households for every occupied housing unit or 5.26 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

A very large proportion (96.59 percent) of the total occupied housing units in Davao Oriental in 2000 were single houses. This was lower by 0.75 percentage point from the 1990 figure. Almost 68 percent of the occupied housing units did not need any repair or if ever, needed minor repair only, while almost 19 percent needed major repair. Moreover, two out of five occupied housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

Half of the housing units had roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw

The proportion of occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw declined from 62.14 percent in 1990 to only 53.69 percent in 2000. On the other hand, roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum rose from 24.13 percent in 1990 to 34.90 percent in 2000. As to construction material of the outer walls, the use of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa declined from 61.02 percent in 1990 to 51.45 percent in 2000. The proportion of households using galvanized iron/aluminum for the outer walls was almost the same as in 1990, from 0.39 percent in 1990 to 0.35 percent in 2000.

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

DAVAO ORIENTAL

Davao Oriental is the easternmost province of Mindanao. The province follows the highly irregular northeastern coast of Mindanao facing the Pacific Ocean from Cateel Bay down to Cape San Agustin. The province is bounded in the west by Compostela Valley and Davao Gulf. It is bounded in the north by the province of Agusan del Sur and a very small sliver of Surigao del Sur. On its south is the Philippine Sea. Mountains that rise in the west dominate the province's topography, interspersed with low hills and plateaus and coastal lowlands and swamps toward the east.

Table 1. Population Distribution by Sex and Municipality: Davao Oriental, 2000

Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Davao Oriental 446,191 100.00 230,152 216,039
     Baganga 43,122 9.66 22,372 20,750
     Banaybanay 33,714 7.56 17,263 16,451
     Boston 10,266 2.30 5,321 4,945
     Caraga 33,481 7.50 17,255 16,226
     Cateel 28,655 6.42 14,773 13,882
     Governor Generoso 42,705 9.57 22,277 20,428
     Lupon 57,092 12.80 29,436 27,656
     Manay 36,697 8.22 18,800 17,897
     Mati (capital) 105,908 23.74 54,210 51,698
     San Isidro 31,705 7.11 16,565 15,140
     Tarragona 22,846 5.12 11,880 10,966

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Davao Oriental, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Davao Oriental 446,191 230,152 216,039 106.5
     Under 1 11,253 5,743 5,510 104.2
     1 to 4 47,730 24,103 23,627 102.0
     5 to 9 60,905 31,086 29,819 104.2
     10 to 14 58,207 29,703 28,504 104.2
     15 to 19 47,307 24,425 22,882 106.7
     20 to 24 38,232 20,078 18,154 110.6
     25 to 29 32,535 16,950 15,585 108.8
     30 to 34 30,095 15,623 14,472 108.0
     35 to 39 27,351 14,114 13,237 106.6
     40 to 44 23,044 12,110 10,934 110.8
     45 to 49 18,119 9,387 8,732 107.5
     50 to 54 14,334 7,400 6,934 106.7
     55 to 59 11,522 5,937 5,585 106.3
     60 to 64 9,983 5,295 4,688 112.9
     65 to 69 6,673 3,529 3,144 112.2
     70 to 74 4,400 2,363 2,037 116.0
     75 to 79 2,448 1,291 1,157 111.6
     80 & Over 2,053 1,015 1,038 97.8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Davao Oriental, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Davao Oriental 386,760 199,960 186,800
     No Grade Completed 33,273 17,270 16,003
     Pre-School 6,248 3,116 3,132
     Elementary 214,436 117,118 97,318
     High School 88,812 42,052 46,760
     Post Secondary 5,334 2,565 2,769
     College Undergraduate 23,402 10,984 12,418
     Academic Degree Holder 6,488 2,409 4,079
     Post Baccalaureate 751 305 446
     Not Stated 8,016 4,141 3,875

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Davao Oriental, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Davao Oriental 445,733 229,799 215,934
     Bisaya/Binisaya 82,491 42,479 40,012
     Boholano 21,288 11,069 10,219
     Cebuano 80,978 41,754 39,224
     Davaweño 135,555 69,723 65,832
     Kalagan 14,284 7,143 7,141
     Mandaya 66,634 34,321 32,313
     Others 42,324 22,255 20,069
     Foreign Ethnicity 144 85 59
     Not Reported 2,035 970 1,065

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Davao Oriental, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Davao Oriental 326,303 145,890 147,289 11,847 2,176 15,865 3,236
     Below 20 105,514 99,488 2,269 101 68 1,537 2,051
     20 - 24 38,232 24,913 9,520 69 135 3,109 486
     25 - 29 32,535 10,876 18,293 141 207 2,781 237
     30 - 34 30,095 4,833 22,505 274 260 2,099 124
     35 - 39 27,351 2,396 22,453 416 298 1,731 57
     40 - 44 23,044 1,295 19,325 711 342 1,307 64
     45 - 49 18,119 706 15,205 889 264 1,015 40
     50 - 54 14,334 461 11,652 1,217 198 776 30
     55 - 59 11,522 319 9,053 1,431 146 547 26
     60 - 64 9,983 233 7,485 1,713 111 412 29
     65 - 69 6,673 144 4,669 1,499 74 263 24
     70 - 74 4,400 101 2,694 1,409 32 134 30
     75 - 79 2,448 73 1,331 919 20 82 23
     80 & Over 2,053 52 835 1,058 21 72 15

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Davao Oriental, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and
Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
Davao Oriental 84,765 29,581 122 1,007 5,731 45,512 704 2,108
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 5,245 4,871 35 31 32 269 3 4
     Wood 25,303 10,272 31 213 3,661 10,844 53 229
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
7,602 5,853 30 457 185 1,054 9 14
     Galvanized
       Iron/Aluminum
297 181 3 24 23 62 - 4
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 43,613 7,895 - 261 1,778 32,502 329 848
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
522 39 - 9 8 151 305 10
     Others/Not Reported 2,183 470 23 12 44 630 5 999

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


 

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