Decent Work in the Philippines: Statistics on Social Security (First of a Series)

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Thursday, January 31, 2019


The International Labor Organization (ILO) in its advocacy to promote the Decent Work Agenda describes decent work as “integral efforts to reduce poverty and is a key mechanism for achieving equitable, inclusive and sustainable development.  Decent work involves opportunities for work that is productive and delivers a fair income, provides security in the workplace and social protection for workers and their families, and gives people the freedom to express their concerns, to organize and to participate in decisions that affect their lives”. (ILO, Country Profile, 2012, Preface)

The statistical measurement framework on decent work as approved by the ILO and as adopted by the Philippines, covers ten (10) substantive elements corresponding to the four (4) strategic pillars of the Decent Work Agenda, namely: (1) employment opportunities; (2) adequate earnings and productive work; (3) decent hours; (4) combining work, family and personal life; (5) work that should be abolished; (6) stability and security of work; (7) equal opportunity and treatment in employment; (8) safe work environment; (9) social security; and, (10) social dialogue, workers’ and employers’ representation. Another component is the economic and social context of decent work that helps determine what constitute decency in society as well as the extent to which the achievement of decent work enhances national economic, social and labor market performance. (ILO, Country Profile, 2012)

This issue of LABSTAT Updates focuses on one of the elements of decent work -- social security at work. This issue highlights the six (6) indicators used to measure social security in the Philippines for the period 1995 to 2017. Specifically, these six indicators include: (1) share of economically active population contributing to a pension scheme; (2) share of population aged 60 and above benefiting from retirement/old age pension; (3) average monthly pensions; (4) social security benefits; (5)   health-care expenditures not financed out of pocket by private households; and (6) estimated share of population covered by National Health Insurance Program. Related tables and metadata can be downloaded at the OpenSTAT website at


Social Security At Work


  • Social protection is one of the key pillars of decent work and its objective is to empower and protect the poor, vulnerable and disadvantaged individuals, families and communities from individual life cycle, economic, environmental and social risks.
  • One of the major components of social protection is social security or social insurance, Social security covers all measures that provide benefits, whether in cash or in kind, to secure protection, from (a) lack of work-related income (or insufficient income) caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, or death of a family member; (b) lack of access or unaffordable access to health care; (c) insufficient family support, particularly for children and adult dependents; and (d) general poverty and social exclusion.
  • The Social Security System (SSS) and the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) are the country’s two (2) main social insurance systems for the private sector and public sector, respectively.



Read the full article here.


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