Social security covers all measures that provide benefits, whether in cash or in kind, to secure protection, from (a) lack of work-related income (or insufficient income) caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, or death of a family member; (b) lack of access or unaffordable access to health care; (c) insufficient family support, particularly for children and adult dependents; and (d) general poverty and social exclusion.
The Social Security System (SSS) covers all enterprises with at least one employee since 1960 (Republic Act No. 2658) while the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), established in 1936, covers all government workers irrespective of their employment status except contractual employees who have no employee employer relationship with their agencies. Sources of data presented in the first four subtopics of this issue are from the GSIS and SSS.
See more at the LabSTAT Updates landing page.