Dependency Ratio Down by Three Persons in Nueva Ecija

Reference Number: 

2002-116

Release Date: 

Monday, September 2, 2002

 

Population to double in 33 years

The population of Nueva Ecija, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,659,883 persons. This was up by 154,056 persons as compared to the figure in the 1995 Census of Population.

The growth rate of the province showed an erratic trend in between censal periods since 1918. The period 1903-1918 recorded the highest growth at 3.38 percent, the lowest of which was during the 1939 to 1948 period. The late 90's showed a 2.11 annual growth rate, lower than the growth rate (2.61 percent) in the early 90's. If the current growth rate continues, the population of Nueva Ecija was expected to double in 33 years.

In 2000, the number of households was 340,158, resulting to an average household size of 4.88 persons. This was lower than the national average and 1995 figure of five persons.

Nueva Ecija, the second biggest province in Central Luzon Region in terms of population size

Nueva Ecija ranked second in terms of population size among the six provinces (Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales) and two highly urbanized cities (Olongapo City and Angeles City) in Central Luzon, contributing 20.67 percent to the 8 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 2.22 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Cabanatuan City, was the biggest in terms of population

Of the 32 municipalities comprising Nueva Ecija, Cabanatuan City, was the biggest in terms of population size. This registered a population of 222,859 persons or 14.8 percent of the total provincial population. It was followed by San Jose (7.2 percent), Talavera (6.5 percent), Gapan (5.9 percent) and Guimba (5.8 percent). Nampicuan had the smallest population with 0.7 percent of the total provincial population. Palayan City, the provincial capital, had a population of 31,253 persons or 2.1 percent of the provincial population.

Nueva Ecija had a median age of 22 years

Nueva Ecija had a median age of 22 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old. In 1995, the median age was 21 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 102.95

Males outnumbered their female counterpart with a sex ratio of 102.95 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio down to 66

The percentage of the total population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years was 35.4 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 4.3 percent, while 60.3 percent for 15 to 64 year age group (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 66. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 66 dependents (59 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and seven persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was recorded at 69.

Almost equal number of male and female voters

There were 969,422 persons or 58.40 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (18 years old and over). The proportion of male voters was 50.3 percent while 49.7 percent for women.

More than half of females were of childbearing age

Out of 817,867 females, 420,408 or 51.40 percent belonged to childbearing age or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those at age group 15 to 19 years (19.90 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

Only 44.66 percent of the household population aged five years and over in Nueva Ecija had attended or completed elementary education; 30.18 percent, high school; 10.17 percent, college undergraduates; and 4.07 percent, academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate courses. On the other hand, the proportion of children 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 2.04 percent (29,868 pupils).

There were more males than females who had attended or finished elementary, high school and post secondary education. On the other hand, those who were college undergraduates, had college degree and with post baccalaureate courses were predominantly females.

Four out of five were Tagalog

Majority (77.8 percent) of the household population in Nueva Ecija classified themselves as Tagalog. Others were Ilocano (19.3 percent), Kapampangan (0.6 percent), Kankanai/ Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.3 percent) and Bisaya/Binisaya (0.3 percent).

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Nueva Ecija, a higher proportion of married persons (50.14 percent) was reported as compared to single persons (40.88 percent). The remaining nine percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Median floor area increased in 2000

The median floor area of occupied housing units in 2000 was 25.5 square meters, higher than the 1990 median floor area of 22.7 square meters. Of the total occupied housing units, 22.2 percent had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters. About 21 percent had a floor area of 20 to 29 square meters. Only 4.3 percent of the occupied housing units had floor area of 120 square meters and over.

Majority of the households used strong materials for their houses

Majority of the households in Nueva Ecija used galvanized iron/aluminum (77.4 percent) and a small percentage still used cogon/nipa/anahaw (14.1 percent) as the roof of their houses. As to the construction material of the outer walls, almost half of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone (43.8 percent), and 21.4 percent made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood.

Of the total occupied housing units, 42.5 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and concrete/brick/stone for walls.

NUEVA ECIJA

Nueva Ecija , the largest province in Cental Luzon is landlocked by the provinces of Pangasinan and Nueva Vizcaya in the north, the province of Aurora in the east, the province of Tarlac in the west, and the provinces of Pampanga and Bulacan in the south. Four large rivers, Pampanga River, Rio Chico, Diaman River and Pe-aranda River traverse Nueva Ecija. Spanish Gov. Gen. Fausto Cruzar created the province and named it after his hometown, Ecija in Seville, Spain. It acquired the towns of Gapan, San Isidro, Cabiao, San Antonio, and Aliaga from Pampanga in 1848. Baler and Casiguran were separated from Nueva Ecija in 1853. Palanan was transferred first to Nueva Vizcaya then to Isabela, with the separation of Infanta and Polilo Island, the province isolation from the sea became complete. It was one of the first eight provinces to rebel from the Spanish rule in 1896. On May 9, 1899, Cabanatuan was made the temporary seat of the government upon Gen. Aguinaldo's retreat during the Filipino-American War. When American forces occupied Nueva Ecija in 1899, the provincial seat of government was in San Isidro. R. A. No. 4475 created the city of Palayan as the new capital on June 19, 1965.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 5 Municipalities by Sex: Nueva Ecija, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Nueva Ecija 1,659,883 100.00 842,016 817,867
     Cabanatuan City 222,859 14.80 111,461 111,398
     Gapan 89,199 5.92 45,174 44,025
     Guimba 87,295 5.80 44,541 42,754
     San Jose City 108,254 7.19 49,572 47,757
     Talavera 97,329 6.46 54,725 53,529
     Other Municipalities 1131,272 68.15 575,222 556,050

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Nueva Ecija, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Nueva Ecija 1,659,883 842,016 817,867 102.95
     Under 1 38,952 20,154 18,798 107.21
     1 to 4 158,685 81,593 77,092 105.84
     5 to 9 202,261 104,123 98,138 106.10
     10 to 14 188,106 95,974 92,132 104.17
     15 to 19 171,017 87,359 83,658 104.42
     20 to 24 155,455 79,133 76,312 103.70
     25 to 29 134,054 68,557 65,497 104.67
     30 to 34 126,424 64,562 61,862 104.36
     35 to 39 109,611 56,543 53,068 106.55
     40 to 44 91,961 47,125 44,836 105.11
     45 to 49 72,193 37,018 35,175 105.24
     50 to 54 58,562 29,316 29,246 100.24
     55 to 59 43,818 21,776 22,042 98.79
     60 to 64 37,417 17,896 19,521 91.68
     65 to 69 26,013 11,931 14,082 84.73
     70 to 74 18,992 8,323 10,669 78.01
     75 to 79 13,007 5,488 7,519 72.99
     80 & Over 13,365 5,145 8,220 62.59

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Nueva Ecija, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Nueva Ecija 1,460,721 739,224 721,497
     No Grade Completed 58,136 29,843 28,293
     Pre-School 29,868 15,184 14,684
     Elementary 652,409 333,320 319,089
     High School 440,828 226,490 214,338
     Post Secondary 38,782 19,738 19,044
     College Undergraduate 148,523 73,243 75,280
     Academic Degree Holder 56,940 23,609 33,331
     Post Baccalaureate 2,520 1,076 1,444
     Not Stated 32,715 16,721 15,994

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Nueva Ecija, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Nueva Ecija 1,259,985 515,047 631,713 53,928 11,875 33,721 13,701
     Below 20 359,123 334,037 14,337 409 307 2,815 7,218
     20 - 24 155,445 94,720 52,724 352 785 4,497 2,367
     25 - 29 134,054 41,357 84,751 603 1,337 4,765 1,241
     30 - 34 126,424 18,892 98,924 1,111 1,673 4,998 826
     35 - 39 109,611 9,214 91,588 1,788 1,878 4,691 452
     40 - 44 91,961 4,984 78,375 2,796 1,718 3,804 284
     45 - 49 72,193 3,324 60,986 3,541 1,367 2,741 234
     50 - 54 58,562 2,461 47,983 4,879 1,048 1,981 210
     55 - 59 43,818 1,622 34,667 5,411 694 1,265 159
     60 - 64 37,417 1,413 27,409 7,069 461 895 170
     65 - 69 26,013 994 17,441 6,661 283 527 107
     70 - 74 18,992 783 11,300 6,242 163 355 149
     75 - 79 13,007 565 6,451 5,582 87 228 94
     80 & Over 13,365 681 4,777 7,484 74 159 190

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Nueva Ecija, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Nueva Ecija 1,658,338 840,952 817,386
     Tagalog 1,289,889 652,243 637,646
     Ilocano 319,858 164,116 155,742
     Kapampangan 9,347 4,732 4,615
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 4,937 2587 2,350
     Bisaya/Binisaya 4,278 2,039 2,239
     Others 21,657 10,917 10,740
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 296 209 87
     Not Reported 8,076 4,109 3,967

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Nueva Ecija, 2000


CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Nueva Ecija 335,674 259,686 1,767 16,440 3,338 47,484 1,615 481 4,863
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 146,934 142,646 1,270 1,517 120 1,251 68 62 -
     Wood 33,220 26,271 102 894 2,192 3,556 147 58 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
71,904 57,240 272 11,251 319 2,673 76 73 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
2,402 1,714 31 401 77 164 10 5 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
69,015 27,197 - 2,151 531 38,584 354 193 5
     Asbestos 179 121 26 10 6 - - 16 -
     Glass 82 70 7 4 - - - 1 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
3,337 1,560 - 47 14 768 927 21 -
     Others/Not reported 8,190 2,589 33 150 43 456 17 45 4,857
     No Walls 411 278 26 15 36 32 16 7 1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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