CFO, DFA (Identified by the Interagency Committee on Migration Statistics (IACMS) as possible agency/agencies that can provide information on the concept/s)
Filipinos who left the Philippines to take up permanent residence in another country, state or territory during a specified period of observation.
Siegel and Swanson
(2004) definition localized to Philippine setting
PSA Board Resolution:
PSA Board Resolution No. 08 Series of 2017