Females Better Educated in Kalinga

Reference Number: 

2002-059

Release Date: 

Wednesday, May 29, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 2.63 percent

The province of Kalinga registered a total population of 174,023 persons in the year 2000 from 154,145 in 1995. This figure recorded an average annual growth rate of 2.63 percent, an increase of 0.40 percentage point from the 1995 figure. The number of households also rose to 30,450, higher by 2,595 households from 1995. This resulted to an average household size of 5.7 persons, a slight increase from the 1995 (5.5 persons) and national average of five persons.

Tabuk (provincial capital) comprised almost one half of the population in Kalinga

Among the eight municipalities in Kalinga, the municipality of Tabuk (Capital), which comprised 45.19 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. This was followed by the municipality of Pinukpuk (15.02 percent), Tinglayan (8.14 percent), Rizal (Liwan) (7.84 percent), and Balbalan (6.86 percent). The other three municipalities had less than 6 percent share each (Tanudan, 5.90 percent; Lubuagan, 5.67 percent; and Pasil, 5.38 percent) to the provincial population.

Table A: Total Population and Growth Rate by Municipality: 1995 and 2000

Municipality

Population

Growth Rate

2000

1995

2000

1995

Kalinga

174,023

154,145

2.63

2.23

   Balbalan

11,934

11,742

0.35

2.77

   Lubuagan

9,875

9,897

-0.05

1.40

   Pasil

9,360

8,935

1.00

3.15

   Pinukpuk

26,130

23,057

2.72

2.60

   Rizal (Liwan)

13,652

12,173

2.49

2.12

   Tabuk (Capital)

78,633

63,507

4.68

1.98

   Tanudan

10,275

11,243

-1.91

3.57

   Tinglayan

13,591

11,243

-0.89

1.37

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Kalinga ranked fourth in CAR in terms of population size

Among the six provinces, Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, and one highly urbanized city (Baguio City) in CAR, Kalinga ranked fourth in terms of population size, contributing 12.7 percent to the 1.4 million population of the region. At the national level, Kalinga shared 0.23 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Sex ratio registered at 105.7 in 2000

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 105.7 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 59 years. On the contrary, there were more females than males in the age group 60 years and over.

Kalinga had a median age of 20 years

In 2000, Kalinga had a median age of 20 years, higher than the 1995 figure (19 years). This meant that half of the population was below 20 years old.

In 2000, overall dependency ratio was 78

The 0 to 14 age group made up 40.17 percent of the population while those aged 65 years and above comprised 3.64 percent. Thus, the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years, was 56.19 percent of the total population in Kalinga. The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 78. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 78 dependents (72 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 6 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 79.17 ratio reported in 1995.

Degree holders were predominantly females

Of the total household population five years old and over, almost half (45.79 percent) had attended or completed elementary education; 23 percent, high school; 11.19 percent, college education; and almost four percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (54.03 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished college and with post baccalaureate courses were predominantly females.

Three out of five persons classified themselves as Kalingas

Majority (64.4 percent) of the household population in Kalinga classified themselves as Kalingas. About 24 percent considered themselves as Ilocanos, and 2.5 percent as Kankanais/Kankaneys/Kankanaeys. Other ethnic groups included Ibontoc (1.6 percent), Tagalog (1.3 percent), and Applai (1.0 percent).

More single persons than married persons in 2000

Less than half (48.3 percent) of 10 years old and over were single, while 42.4 percent were married. The remaining nine percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Almost all of the housing units were occupied

There were 30,113 housing units in Kalinga, of which 30,106 were occupied. This registered an increase of 23.77 percentage points from 1990 and recorded a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 5.77 persons per occupied housing unit.

Majority of occupied housing units needed no repair/minor repair

Almost all (94.3 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. Almost seven out of 10 occupied housing units needed no repair/minor repair. More than one fourth were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000). As to the construction materials used for housing units, less than three fourths (72.5 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum as compared to only 50.7 percent in 1990. Moreover, occupied housing units with walls made of wood and bamboo/sawali/nipa were registered at 29 percent each.

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

KALINGA

Kalinga is one of the six provinces comprising the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). It was created in 1995 by Republic Act No. 7878, authored by Congressman E.K. Balut, which divided the former province of Kalinga-Apayao into two independent and distinct provinces - the Province of Kalinga and the Province of Apayao.

Kalinga and Apayao are landlocked by the province of Cagayan on the north and east, by the province of Isabela also on the east, by the provinces of Abra and Ilocos Norte on the west, and by the province of Mountain Province on the south. Kalinga is surrounded by mountain peaks. It was divided into three geographically distinct areas centered around the Chico River: the mountainous western portion of the river's basin, the valley of the river and its tributaries, and the level plains between the river and Cagayan province.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph/)

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex : Kalinga, 2000

Municipalities

Total Population

Percent

Male

Female

Kalinga

174,023

100.00

89,406

84,617

     Balbalan

11,934

6.86

6,319

5,615

     Lubuagan

9,875

5.67

5,158

4,717

     Pasil

9,360

5.38

4,818

4,542

     Pinukpuk

26,130

15.02

13,516

12,614

     Rizal (Liwan)

13,652

7.84

6,992

6,660

     Tabuk (Capital)

78,633

45.19

40,201

38,432

     Tanudan

10,275

5.90

5,279

4,996

     Tinglayan

14,164

8.14

7,123

7,041

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Kalinga, 2000

Age Group

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

Kalinga

174,023

89,406

84,617

105.7

     Under 1

4,804

2,582

2,222

116.2

     1 to 4

18,665

9,634

9,031

106.7

     5 to 9

24,020

12,307

11,713

105.1

     10 to 14

22,413

11,484

10,929

105.1

     15 to 19

18,951

9,629

9,322

103.3

     20 to 24

15,773

8,049

7,724

104.2

     25 to 29

13,088

6,766

6,322

107.0

     30 to 34

11,480

6,008

5,472

109.8

     35 to 39

10,138

5,350

4,788

111.7

     40 to 44

8,666

4,361

4,305

101.3

     45 to 49

6,492

3,432

3,060

112.2

     50 to 54

5,294

2,677

2,617

102.3

     55 to 59

4,216

2,148

2,068

103.9

     60 to 64

3,683

1,837

1,846

99.5

     65 to 69

2,608

1,311

1,297

101.1

     70 to 74

1,811

879

932

94.3

     75 to 79

1,093

541

552

98.0

     80 & Over

828

411

417

98.6

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Kalinga, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment

Household Population
5 Years Old & Over

Male

Female

Kalinga

150,171

76,841

73,330

     No Grade Completed

11,485

5,410

6,075

     Pre-School

4,318

2,216

2,102

     Elementary

68,767

37,157

31,610

     High School

34,441

18,032

16,409

     Post Secondary

4,510

1,986

2,524

     College Undergraduate

16,801

7,689

9,112

     Academic Degree Holder

5,525

2,163

3,362

     Post Baccalaureate

467

182

285

     Not Stated

3,857

2,006

1,851

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Kalinga, 2000

Age Group

Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over

Single

Married

Widowed

Divorced/
Separated

Others

Unknown

Kalinga

126,534

61,158

53,612

5,402

723

4,612

1,027

     Below 20

41,364

39,645

840

32

13

328

506

     20 - 24

15,773

11,188

3,660

35

38

676

176

     25 - 29

13,088

5,219

6,920

76

66

713

94

     30 - 34

11,480

2,341

8,204

122

101

654

58

     35 - 39

10,138

1,189

8,022

219

97

568

43

     40 - 44

8,666

601

7,164

349

103

419

30

     45 - 49

692

353

5,322

409

69

321

18

     50 - 54

5,294

200

4,275

482

63

258

16

     55 - 59

4,216

129

3,153

620

59

247

8

     60 - 64

3,683

101

2,632

715

45

174

16

     65 - 69

2,608

81

1,654

699

26

129

19

     70 - 74

1,811

60

975

671

26

61

18

     75 - 79

1,093

30

506

497

8

34

18

     80 & Over

828

21

285

476

9

30

7

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Kalinga, 2000

Ethnicity

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Kalinga

173,638

89,056

84,582

     Applai

1,730

863

867

     Ibontoc

2,804

1,433

1,371

     Ilocano

41,633

21,389

20,244

     Kalinga

111,774

57,311

54,463

     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey

4,421

2,281

2,140

     Tagalog

2,227

1,161

1,066

     Others

8,115

4,192

3,923

     Other Foreign Ethnicity

4

3

1

     Not Reported

930

423

507

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Kalinga, 2000

Type of Building

Occupied Housing Unit

Household

Household Population

Ratio of Household & Household Population

Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit

Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit

Kalinga

30,106

30,450

173,638

1.01

5.77

     Single House

28,396

28,719

163,426

1.01

5.76

     Duplex

988

1,000

6,026

1.01

6.10

     Multi-Unit Residential

172

180

972

1.05

5.65

     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural

178

178

956

1.00

5.37

     Institutional Living Quarters

13

13

61

1.00

4.69

     Other Housing Unit

2

2

8

1.00

4.00

     Not Reported

357

358

2,189

1.00

6.13

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

 

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