Approximately 4.2 million of the 38.5 million employed persons in the country are unpaid family workers, based on the October 2013 Labor Force Survey. Unpaid family workers refer to family members who work without pay in a farm or business operated by the family. Among the unpaid family workers, 2.4 million or four in seven (58%) were women (Table 1).
Elderly women comprised 5 percent of female unpaid family workers
Women 65 years or older comprised 5 percent of the female unpaid family workers. By comparison, their male counterpart comprised 2 percent of the male unpaid family workers who were mostly in the ages 15 to 24 years (Figure 1 and Table 1). Three in every five (62%) of the male unpaid family workers were aged 15 to 24 years, as compared to 23 percent among the female unpaid family workers.
Six in ten female unpaid family workers were in the agriculture sector
Six in every ten women who were unpaid family workers were engaged in agriculture. Those in the services sector comprised 33 percent, most of them in wholesale and retail trade. In comparison, among the male unpaid family workers, 74 percent were in agriculture while 22 percent were in the services sector. For both male and female unpaid family workers, those working in the industry sector made up less than 5 percent (Figure 2 and Table 2).
Two-thirds of the women who were unpaid family workers were unskilled workers
Of the female unpaid family workers, two-thirds (66.8%) were unskilled workers. The service workers, and shop and market sales workers among the female unpaid family workers comprised 28.6 percent. Among the male unpaid family workers, 77.2 percent were laborers and unskilled workers, while 19.4 percent were service workers, and shop and market sales workers (Figure 3 and Table 3).
The Labor Force Survey is a nationwide survey of households conducted quarterly to gather data on labor force and employment for the estimation of labor force participation rate, employment rate, underemployment rate and other indicators related to labor and employment of the population.
In the Labor Force Survey, work refers to any economic activity that a person does for pay, (in cash or in kind, in any establishment, office, farm, private home) or for profit, or without pay on family farm or business, or an activity done by a farm operator or member of his family on another’s farm on exchange labor arrangement. The reference period used in the survey is the week prior to the interview date.