Highlights of the Philippine Export and Import Statistics
September 2022 (Preliminary)
A. TOTAL EXTERNAL TRADE AND BALANCE OF TRADE
1. Total external trade increased
In September 2022, the country’s total external trade in goods amounted to USD 19.14 billion which indicates an annual growth rate of 11.3 percent. In the previous month, the annual increase was faster at 15.0 percent, while in September 2021, it grew by 15.8 percent. (Table A)
Of the total external trade in September 2022, 62.6 percent were imported goods, while the rest were exported goods.
2. Trade deficit posted an annual increase
The balance of trade in goods (BoT-G) is the difference between the value of export and import. The BoT-G in September 2022 amounted to USD -4.82 billion, indicating a trade deficit with an annual increase of 26.5 percent. The trade deficit in the previous month recorded an annual increase of 81.9 percent, while in September 2021, it was posted at 68.1 percent. (Figure 1, Tables A and 2)
1. Sales from export posted a positive growth
The country’s total export sales in September 2022, amounting to USD 7.16 billion, reflected an annual rate of 7.0 percent from a decrement of -2.0 percent in the previous month. In September 2021, the total export sales grew at an annual rate of 6.4 percent. (Figures 1 and 2, Tables A and 2)
Of the top 10 major commodity groups, five recorded annual increases in terms of the value of exports. These were ignition wiring set and other wiring sets used in vehicles, aircrafts and ships (25.4%), electronic products (19.3%), machinery and transport equipment (7.5%), electronic equipment and parts (7.0%), and other manufactured goods (5.6%). (Tables B and 3)
2. Year-to-date annual total export increased
The year-to-date annual total export earnings, that is from January to September 2022, amounted to USD 58.31 billion. This represents an annual increase of 4.7 percent compared with the year-to-date annual total export value earned in January to September 2021. (Table 4)
3. Electronic products commodity group remained the highest on export sales
By commodity group, electronic products continued to be the country’s top export in September 2022 with total earnings of USD 4.51 billion. This amount accounted for 63.0 percent of the total exports during the period. This was followed by other mineral products with an export value of USD 321.27 million (4.5%); and other manufactured goods, which amounted to USD 321.02 million (4.5%). (Figure 3 and Table 3)
4. Manufactured goods still comprised the biggest chunk of total exports among major types of goods
By major type of goods, exports of manufactured goods shared the biggest to the total exports in September 2022 amounting to USD 6.06 billion (84.6%). This was followed by mineral products with a share of USD 534.76 million (7.5%); and total agro-based products, which contributed USD 421.55 million (5.9%). (Figure 4 and Table 5)
5. Total export value of Personal Protective Equipment and medical supplies decreased in September 2022
The total export value for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and medical supplies in September 2022 dropped to USD 0.65 million. This represents an annual decrease of -48.2 percent from its value of USD 1.25 million in September 2021. The annual decline in the export value for these medical items in the previous month was recorded at -41.6 percent, while in September 2021, it went down by -89.1 percent.
The annual decrease in export for surgical face mask at -88.5 percent contributed to the decrement of export value for PPE and medical supplies in September 2022. On the other hand, export value increased year-on-year for other face mask (non-surgical/non-medical masks including masks made of cloth) at 26.0 percent.
Month-on-month, export value for PPE and medical supplies dropped by -39.5 percent in September 2022, while in August 2022, it went up by 74.1 percent.
Contributing to the monthly decrement in the export value of PPE and medical supplies were the decreases in the export value of surgical face mask (-85.0%) and protective clothing (-44.9%). On the other hand, export value increased month-on-month for other face mask (non-surgical/non-medical masks including masks made of cloth) at 96.1 percent. (Tables C and 7)
6. United States of America contributed the highest export value
By major trading partner, exports to United States of America (USA) comprised the highest export value amounting to USD 1.17 billion or a share of 16.4 percent to the total exports during the month.
Completing the top five major export trading partners with their export values and percent shares to the total exports were:
a. Hong Kong, USD 1.06 billion (14.9%);
b. Japan, USD 997.07 million (13.9%);
c. People’s Republic of China, USD 905.07 million (12.6%); and
d. Singapore, USD 360.69 million (5.0%).
(Figure 5 and Table 8)
7. Majority of exports were for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation countries
By economic bloc, majority of the country’s merchandise exports in September 2022 went to Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) member countries with a share of USD 6.04 billion (84.5%) to the total exports. This was followed by East Asia, valued at USD 3.50 billion (48.8%), and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) at USD 1.16 billion (16.2%). (Figure 6 and Table 9)
8. Eastern Asia contributed the highest export value by geographic region
By geographic region, Eastern Asia comprised the highest export value amounting to USD 3.50 billion in September 2022. This was followed by Northern America with an export value of USD 1.23 billion and Southeastern Asia with USD 1.16 billion worth of export value. (Figure 7 and Table 19)
1. Import value increased
Total imported goods in September 2022, which amounted to USD 11.98 billion, increased at an annual rate of 14.1 percent. In August 2022, it grew at a faster rate of 26.2 percent, while in September 2021, imports value recorded an uptrend of 22.8 percent. (Figures 1 and 8, Tables A and 2)
The annual growth in the value of imported goods in September 2022 was mainly due to the increases in the values of seven of the top 10 major commodity groups, with mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials having the fastest annual growth rate of 64.2 percent. This was followed by transport equipment, which rose by 53.3 percent annually; and miscellaneous manufactured articles by 33.7 percent. (Tables D and 10)
2. Year-to-date annual total import value grew
The year-to-date annual total import value, that is from January to September 2022, amounted to USD 104.96 billion. This represents an annual increment of 24.6 percent from the year-to-date annual total import value of USD 84.27 billion in January to September 2021. (Table 11)
3. Electronic products accounted for the highest import value among commodity groups
Most of the imported goods were electronic products with an import value of USD 2.98 billion or a share of 24.9 percent to the total imports in September 2022. This was followed by mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, valued at USD 2.04 billion (17.0%); and transport equipment, which amounted to USD 997.33 million (8.3%). (Figure 9 and Table 10)
4. Imports of raw materials and intermediate goods contributed the highest among major types of goods
By major type of goods, imports of raw materials and intermediate goods accounted for the largest share to the total imports amounting to USD 4.40 billion (36.7%) in September 2022. Imports of capital goods ranked second with a share of USD 3.32 billion (27.7%), followed by consumer goods with USD 2.16 billion (18.0%).
Imports of mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials recorded a positive annual growth of 64.2 percent from its value of USD 1.24 billion in the same month of the previous year. Contributing to the annual increment in this commodity group was the increase in the import value of other mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials with a value of USD 1.00 billion in September 2022, from USD 701.56 million in September 2021, which largely comprised of petroleum products used to run motor vehicles. (Figure 10 and Table 12)
5. Total import value of Personal Protective Equipment and medical supplies including COVID-19 vaccine decreased in September 2022
The total import value for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and medical supplies, including Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, declined to USD 36.43 million in September 2022, indicating an annual decrement of -83.6 percent from its value of USD 222.75 million in the same month of the previous year.
In September 2022, the total import for COVID-19 vaccine was valued at USD 17.31 million.
The annual growth rate of import value for PPE and medical supplies, including COVID-19 vaccine, was recorded at -78.3 percent in August 2022, while in September 2021, the annual increase was 751.4 percent.
The annual decrements noted in the following items have decreased the total import value for PPE and medical supplies, including COVID-19 vaccine in September 2022:
a. face shield (-98.6%);
b. COVID-19 vaccine (-90.4%);
c. protective clothing (-84.5%);
d. surgical face mask (-63.5%);
e. testing kits (-56.2%);
f. other face mask (non-surgical/non-medical masks including masks made of cloth, -42.6%); and
g. safety headgear (-19.1%).
Meanwhile, import value increased year-on-year for surgical gloves (1.4%).
The month-on-month import value for PPE and medical supplies, including COVID-19 vaccine, grew by 1.0 percent in September 2022, while it registered a decline of -37.9 percent in the previous month.
Contributing to the monthly increment in the import value of PPE and medical supplies in September 2022, including COVID-19 vaccine, were the increases in the following:
a. protective clothing (41.8%);
b. COVID-19 vaccine (23.6%);
c. other face mask (non-surgical/non-medical masks including masks made of cloth, 21.9%);
d. surgical face mask (13.9%); and
e. surgical gloves (6.5%).
On the other hand, import value of PPE and medical supplies in September 2022, including COVID-19 vaccine, dropped month-on-month for safety headgear (-62.9%), face shield (-6.9%), and testing kits (-2.5%). (Tables E and 14)
6. People’s Republic of China had the highest import value
The People’s Republic of China was the country’s biggest supplier of imported goods valued at USD 2.39 billion or 20.0 percent of the total imports in September 2022.
Completing the top five major import trading partners with their corresponding import values and percent shares to the total imports were:
a. Indonesia, USD 1.35 billion (11.3%);
b. Japan, USD 1.13 billion (9.5%);
c. Republic of Korea, USD 826.09 million (6.9%); and
d. USA, USD 811.01 million (6.8%).
(Figure 11 and Table 15)
7. Imports came largely from APEC member countries
By economic bloc, APEC member countries were the biggest suppliers of the country’s imported goods in September 2022 with a share of USD 10.07 billion (84.1%). This was followed by East Asia with an import value of USD 5.17 billion (43.1%) and ASEAN with USD 3.67 billion (30.6%). (Figure 12 and Table 16)
8. Eastern Asia contributed the highest import value by geographic region
By geographic region, USD 5.17 billion of the country’s imports in September 2022 were from Eastern Asia. This was followed by Southeastern Asia, whose import value amounted to USD 3.67 billion and Northern America valued at USD 908.09 million. (Figure 13 and Table 19)
DENNIS S. MAPA, Ph.D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General
Export and import trade statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from export and import documents submitted to the Bureau of Customs (BOC) by exporters and importers or their authorized representatives as required by law.
The following are documents collected, either in electronic or hard copies:
1. Export Declaration (ED – DTI form);
2. Informal Import Declaration and Entry (BOC Form 177); and
3. Single Administrative Documents (SAD) for Export Declaration (ED) and Import Entry and Internal Revenue Declaration (IEIRD).
The electronic copies of all documents that pass thru the online system are provided by BOC, Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA), and Value Added Service Providers (VASPs) to PSA on a monthly basis through email and via shared Google Drive.
The electronic copies of the SAD Export Declarations (SAD-ED) from the Automated Export Documentation System (AEDS) of the BOC are being utilized to generate export statistics. The AEDS is a paperless transaction in lieu of the manual filling up of export documents.
Moreover, an electronic copy of the Import Entry and Internal Revenue Declaration (SAD-IEIRD) is utilized to capture the monthly import figures. The SAD-IEIRD is an import document submitted online either by brokers or companies. These are transactions that pass through the Automated Cargo Operating System (ACOS), now called the e2m (electronic to mobile) customs system, which is implemented through the BOC e-Customs Project.
All documents (hard copies and electronic files) received within the cut-off date, which is every 25th day of the month, are compiled, processed, summarized, analyzed, and disseminated through monthly statistical tables and press releases (PRs). Processing includes coding, editing, reviewing, and validating of results.
Preliminary results of export and import statistics are disseminated in the form of a press release (PR). The PR is disseminated every 40th day after the reference month. However, if the 40th day falls on a Saturday, the release is made a day earlier (Friday). If it falls on a Sunday or Monday, the release is on Tuesday. Moreover, if the release date falls on a holiday, the date of release is moved accordingly. Preliminary results are posted on the PSA website (www.psa.gov.ph).
All documents received after the cut-off date are included in the generation of the revised results. The revised data of the previous month are reported during the release of the preliminary report for the current month. Revisions are made for the previous months until the annual report is released three months after the reference year.
Import figure for the year 2021 with reference months June to December except for November and 2022 figures for January to May were revised due to exclusion of duplicate transactions identified by the BOC. These transactions came from the withdrawal of manufactured goods from the freeport zone area.
The 2019 Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC) is used to classify the commodities at the 10-digit code level for statistical purposes.
Data requests on export and import statistics can be made at the PSA, Economic Sector Statistics Service, Trade Statistics Division with telephone number (02) 8376-1975 or email address firstname.lastname@example.org.