How are the Sustainable Development Goals different from MDGs?

The SDGs build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which embodies specific targets and milestones in eliminating extreme poverty and the worst forms of human deprivation. The SDGs expanded its scope to 17 goals from the eight (8) goals in the MDGs, which covers universal goals on fighting inequalities, increasing economic growth, providing decent jobs, sustainable cities and human settlements, industrialization, tackling ecosystems, oceans, climate change, sustainable consumption and production as well as building peace and strengthening justice and institutions. Unlike the MDGs, which only targets the developing countries, the SDGs apply to all countries whether rich, middle or poor countries. The SDGs are also nationally-owned and country-led, wherein each country is given the freedom to establish a national framework in achieving the SDGs.

Number of Goals 8 17
Number of Targets 21 169
Number of Indicators 60 232
General scope/ focus Social Economic growth, social inclusion & environmental protection
Target Developing countries, particularly the poorest Entire world (rich and poor)
Formulation Produced by a group of experts

Result of consultation process among:

-193 UN Member States
-Civil society
-Other stakeholders