Ifugao: Five Economically Active Persons Support Four Dependents

Reference Number: 

2002-028

Release Date: 

Thursday, March 14, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 1.67 percent

The province of Ifugao registered a total population of 161,623 persons in the year 2000 up from 149,598 in 1995. This figure gave the province an average annual growth rate of 1.67 percent, an increase of 1.38 percentage points from the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households also rose to 31,346, higher by 2,145 households compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.2 persons, a slight increase from 1995 (5.1) and the national average (five persons).

Alfonso Lista (Potia) was the largest in terms of population size

Among the eleven municipalities in Ifugao, the municipality of Alfonso Lista (Potia), which comprised 13.10 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. This was closely followed by the municipality of Banaue, Lamut, and Aguinaldo with 12.72, 11.59 and 10.13 percent, respectively. The rest of the municipalities had less than 10 percent share each (Lagawe, 9.45 percent; Mayoyao, 8.78 percent; Kiangan, 8.72 percent; Asipulo, 7.61 percent; Tinoc, 6.05 percent; Hingyon, 6.04 percent; and Hungduan, 5.80 percent).

Ifugao ranked fifth in CAR

Among the six provinces, Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province; and one highly urbanized city (Baguio City) in CAR, Ifugao ranked fifth in terms of population size. This province contributed 11.8 percent to the 1.4 million population of the region. At the national level, Ifugao shared 0.21 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Ifugao had a median age of 19 years

In 2000, half of the population were below 19 years old and the other half were 19 years old and over.

Males outnumbered females

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 54 years. On the contrary, there were more females than males in the age group 55 years and over.

Four dependents for every five economically active persons

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 81. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 81 dependents (73 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 8 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 84.61 ratio reported in 1995.

More female than male academic degree holders

Of the total household population five years old and over, almost half (46.20 percent) had attended or completed elementary education. Twenty two percent had either attended or finished high school while 8.88 percent had attended college. Only three percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (55.5 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished college and post baccalaureate were predominantly females.

Majority were Ifugao

Majority (67.9 percent) of the household population in Ifugao classified themselves as Ifugao. About 13.7 percent considered themselves as Ilocano, and 8.6 percent as Ikalahan/Kalanguya. Other ethnic groups included Ayungan (6.2 percent), and Kankanaey (0.6 percent).

Almost half were still single

Almost half (49.1 percent) of those who were 10 years old and over were single, while 42.3 percent were married. The remaining nine percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, common-law/live-in or with unknown marital status.

Housing occupancy rate was more than 95 percent

There were 32,903 housing units in Ifugao, of which 31,134 were occupied, or 94.6 occupancy rate. This registered an increase of 12.79 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 5.19 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

Almost all (96.9 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. Four out of five occupied housing units needed no repair/minor repair. Less than one-fourth were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

Half of the housing units were made of concrete materials

As to the construction materials used for housing units, less than three-fourths (70.6 percent) of the occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum as compared to only 40.4 percent in 1990. Moreover, 50 percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of wood while 16 percent had walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa.

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

IFUGAO

Ifugao is in the Cordillera Central Mountains of Northern Luzon. It is bounded on the north by the province of Mountain Province, on the east by the province of Isabela, on the west by the province of Benguet, and on the south by the province of Nueva Vizcaya.

Ifugao is the home of the famous Banaue Rice Terraces. The extensive mountain ranges that dominate the landscape have been terraced by hand for growing rice because there is hardly any level land. Even the nearby villages are on the mountain slopes. The peaks rise as high as 2,500 meters with lush forests above the rice terraces. Numerous rivers and waterfalls drain into the lowland valleys.

The province's location up in the mountains and its forest cover account for its temperate climate. A short dry season lasts from January to April while it can be very wet during the rainy season.

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex : Ifugao, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Ifugao 161,623 100.00 82,528 79,095
     Aguinaldo 16,377 10.13 8,545 7,832
     Alfonso Lista 21,167 13.10 11,026 10,141
     Banaue 20,563 12.72 10,318 10,245
     Hingyon 9,769 6.04 4,880 4,889
     Hungduan 9,380 5.80 4,721 4,659
     Kiangan 14,099 8.72 7,240 6,859
     Lagawe (Capital) 15,269 9.45 7,713 7,556
     Lamut 18,731 11.59 9,583 9,148
     Mayoyao 14,191 8.78 7,193 6,998
     Tinoc 9,783 6.05 5,034 4,749
     Asipulo 12,294 7.61 6,275 6,019

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Ifugao, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Ifugao 161,623 82,528 79,095 104.3
     Under 1 4,259 2,150 2,109 101.9
     1 to 4 16,927 8,678 8,249 105.2
     5 to 9 22,778 11,590 11,188 103.6
     10 to 14 21,312 10,857 10,455 103.9
     15 to 19 18,063 9,322 8,741 106.7
     20 to 24 15,131 7,714 7,417 104.0
     25 to 29 11,908 6,405 5,503 116.4
     30 to 34 10,280 5,339 4,941 108.1
     35 to 39 9,129 4,750 4,379 108.5
     40 to 44 7,808 3,954 3,854 102.6
     45 to 49 6,006 3,123 2,883 108.3
     50 to 54 4,220 2,156 2,064 104.5
     55 to 59 3,254 1,592 1,662 95.8
     60 to 64 3,475 1,618 1,857 87.1
     65 to 69 3,043 1,416 1,627 87.0
     70 to 74 2,042 963 1,079 89.3
     75 to 79 1,133 542 591 91.7
     80 & Over 855 359 496 72.4

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Ifugao, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Ifugao 140,431 71,596 68,705
     No Grade Completed 15,570 7,279 8,291
     Pre-School 4,216 2,100 2,116
     Elementary 64,884 35,984 28,900
     High School 30,786 15,455 15,331
     Post Secondary 3,550 1,670 1,880
     College Undergraduate 12,471 5,597 6,874
     Academic Degree Holder 4,230 1,524 2,706
     Post Baccalaureate 1,964 658 1,306
     Not Stated 2,630 1,329 1,301

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Ifugao, 2000

Age
Group
Total Population 10 Yrs Old & Over Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Ifugao 117,659 57,773 49,814 5,634 1,262 2,504 672
     Below 20 39,375 37,995 854 20 22 155 329
     20 - 24 15,131 10,651 3,993 29 48 290 120
     25 - 29 11,908 4,897 6,559 52 65 285 50
     30 - 34 10,280 2,032 7,672 130 107 312 27
     35 - 39 9,129 944 7,540 181 126 312 26
     40 - 44 7,808 474 6,594 291 158 265 26
     45 - 49 6,006 253 5,097 346 120 178 12
     50 - 54 4,220 161 3,367 404 125 143 20
     55 - 59 3,254 100 2,385 496 120 148 5
     60 - 64 3,475 90 2,312 797 135 132 9
     65 - 69 3,043 72 1,741 972 94 147 17
     70 - 74 2,042 51 941 869 81 88 12
     75 - 79 1,133 26 480 558 34 26 9
     80 & Over 855 27 279 489 27 23 10

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ifugao, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Ifugao 161,483 82,423 79,060
     Ayungan 9,935 5,061 4,874
     Ifugao 109,659 55,603 54,056
     Ikalahan/Kalanguya 13,946 7,173 6,773
     Ilocano 22,171 11,615 10,556
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 1,037 527 510
     Others 4,192 2,201 1,991
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 21 14 7
     Not Reported 522 229 293

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and
Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Ifugao, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population Housing Unit Occupied
Housing Unit
Ifugao 31,134 31,346 161,483 1.01 5.19
     Single House 30,177 30,364 155,785 1.01 5.16
     Duplex 631 652 3,840 1.03 6.09
     Multi-Unit Residential 57 61 294 1.07 5.16
     Commercial/Industrial/Agriculture 9 9 41 1.00 4.56
     Institutional Living Quarters 7 7 34 1.00 4.86
     Other Housing Units 42 42 138 1.00 3.29
     Not Reported 211 211 1,351 1.00 6.40

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

--o0o--

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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