Iloilo City: Three out of Five Persons Belonged to Voting Population

Reference Number: 

2002-105

Release Date: 

Sunday, August 6, 2006

 

Population expected to double in 35 years

The total population of Iloilo City, as of May 1, 2000, was 366,391 persons. The figure was higher by 31,852 persons over the 1995 Census of Population results, and translated to a 1.97 percent annual population growth rate for the 1995 to 2000 period. This was higher than the 1.47 percent growth rate in the 1990 to 1995 period. If the annual population growth rate continues at 1.97 percent, then the population of the province is expected to double in 35 years. Likewise, a corresponding increase on the number of households was also observed, from 64,811 households in 1995 to 72,333 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.15 persons, higher than the 5.10 average household size recorded in 1995.

More females than males

Iloilo City had 188,771 females and 177,620 males. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 94 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 14 years. At older age groups, there were more females than males.

More females in the voting population than males

There were 229,523 persons or 62.64 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and above). Among the voting population, the proportion was higher for females (52.56 percent) than for males (47.44 percent).

Of the total female population, 103,979 or 55.08 percent were in the childbearing or reproductive ages (15 to 49 years).

Three out of five persons belonged to economically active population

Almost 60 percent of the population comprised the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years). Population aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) constituted 30.87 percent of the total population while 4.94 percent for 65 years old and over (old dependents).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 55.78, lower than the 1995 ratio of 58.92. This meant that for every 100 economically active persons there were 56 dependents, of which, 48 persons were young dependents and 8 persons were old dependents.

 

FIG. 1

 

More female degree holders than males

Education is highly valued by Filipino families. Majority of the household population aged five years and over in Iloilo City had a formal education. More than 30 percent had attended or completed high school level; 26.43 percent, elementary; 13.14 percent were academic degree holders; 11.92 percent were college undergraduates; and 10.28 percent with post secondary education. In addition, the proportion of children aged 5 to 6 years who were incoming Grade 1 students (had completed pre-school education) was 1.91 percent.

Six out of ten (59.70 percent) academic degree holders were females. There was also a higher percentage of females among those who had attended or completed post baccalaureate studies (51.58 percent), were college undergraduates (53.02 percent), attended or completed high school education (52.59 percent) and elementary education (50.30 percent). In contrast, there were more males who had attended or completed post secondary education (55.94 percent) than females (44.06 percent).

Hiligaynons/Ilonggos comprised 97.42 percent of the household population

Almost all of the household population (97.42 percent) in Iloilo City classified themselves as Hiligaynons/Ilonggos. The rest were either Cebuano (0.37 percent), Karay-a (0.35 percent), Tagalog (0.30 percent) or were from other ethnic groups (1.57 percent).

 

FIg. 2

 

More widowed females than males

Of the total population aged 10 years and over, 43.48 percent were married; 46.79 percent never married; 4.86 percent widowed; 0.92 percent separated/divorced persons; and 2.79 percent in other marital arrangements.

Eight out of ten (81.09 percent) widowed persons were females.

Majority of the housing units were single houses

Of the occupied housing units in Iloilo City, 93.41 percent were single houses, 2.34 percent were duplex while 1.77 percent were multi-residential.

Majority (68.92 percent) of the occupied housing units either needed minor repair or did not need repair at all. This was lower by 2.72 percentage points from the 1990 figure (66.2 percent). One out of five occupied housing units was relatively new; it was built from 1996 to 2000.

Roofs and outer walls of most houses made of strong materials

Close to 85 percent of the total occupied housing units used galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof and 30.69 percent used concrete/brick/stone for the outer walls. The proportion of the housing units that used the combination of galvanized iron/aluminum for roof and concrete/brick/stone for walls was 29.92 percent, higher by 12.23 percentage points than the 1990 figure (17.69 percent).

 

ILOILO CITY

Iloilo City, the provincial capital of the Province of Iloilo, is located on the southeastern Panay Island in Western Visayas.

Agriculture is the main industry in the city with rice, corn, coconut, banana, mango, coffee and sugarcane as the major crops. There are rich offshore fishing grounds and cottage industries that include weaving (piña, jusi, hablon and "sinamay"), pottery, processing of marine products and cut flowers.

Tourist attractions are the Museo Iloilo which showcases the province's rich cultural heritage; the Fort San Pedro which is a popular waterfront promenade in the evening; and the Dinagyang Festival held during the fourth weekend of January. The famous La Paz batchoy and pancit molo are also served at the restaurants.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               By: Conrado M. Lancion, Jr.
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Barangays: Iloilo City, 2000

Barangays

Total Population

Percent

Iloilo City

366,391

100.00

     Calumpang

9,773

2.67

     San Juan

8,728

2.38

     Tabuc Suba (Jaro)

8,053

2.20

     Calaparan

7,127

1.95

     Balabago

6,748

1.84

     Other Barangays

325,962

88.96

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Iloilo City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Iloilo City 366,391 177,620 188,771 94.09
     Under 1 7,957 4,136 3,821 108.24
     1 to 4 29,991 15,378 14,613 105.24
     5 to 9 37,535 19,104 18,431 103.65
     10 to 14 37,618 18,888 18,730 100.84
     15 to 19 40,211 18,991 21,220 89.50
     20 to 24 37,307 17,751 19,556 90.77
     25 to 29 30,501 14,997 15,504 96.73
     30 to 34 27,655 13,656 13,999 97.55
     35 to 39 25,123 12,368 12,755 96.97
     40 to 44 22,228 10,821 11,407 94.86
     45 to 49 18,536 8,998 9,538 94.34
     50 to 54 14,477 6,938 7,539 92.03
     55 to 59 9,986 4,563 5,423 84.14
     60 to 64 9,169 3,985 5,184 76.87
     65 to 69 6,648 2,789 3,859 72.27
     70 to 74 4,982 1,986 2,996 66.29
     75 to 79 3,243 1,196 2,047 58.43
     80 & Over 3,224 1,075 2,149 50.02

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Iloilo City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
      Iloilo City 326,323 157,072 169,251
     No Grade Completed 8,269 4,297 3,972
     Pre-School 8,070 4,057 4,013
     Elementary 86,246 42,862 43,384
     High School 99,486 47,162 52,324
     Post Secondary 33,542 18,762 14,780
     College Undergraduate 38,886 18,268 20,618
     Academic Degree Holder 42,893 17,287 25,606
     Post Baccalaureate 2,695 1,305 1,390
     Not Stated 6,236 3,072 3,164

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Iloilo City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Iloilo City 364,238 176,570 187,668
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 354,849 171,943 182,906
     Cebuano 1,334 654 680
     Karay-a 1,261 558 703
     Tagalog 1,077 579 498
     Others 3,700 1,890 1,810
     Not Reported 2,017 946 1071

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Iloilo City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Iloilo City 290,908 136,721 125,962 14,055 2,667 8,063 3,440
     Below 20 77,829 74,056 1,428 67 49 613 1,616
     20 to 24 37,307 27,606 7,376 60 136 1,512 617
     25 to 29 30,501 14,051 14,266 121 277 1,394 392
     30 to34 27,655 7,156 18,496 253 355 1,177 218
     35 to 39 25,123 4,169 19,030 461 413 916 134
     40 to 44 22,228 2,631 17,527 745 414 823 88
     45 to 49 18,536 1,924 14,666 994 351 531 70
     50 to 54 14,477 1,482 10,943 1,324 263 417 48
     55 to 59 9,986 939 7,217 1,409 143 238 40
     60 to 64 9,169 981 5,984 1,839 115 194 56
     65 to 69 6,648 569 4,089 1,781 60 97 52
     70 to 74 4,982 491 2,589 1,764 41 61 36
     75 to 79 3,243 328 1,341 1,474 26 44 30
     80 & Over 3,224 338 1,010 1,763 24 46 43

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Iloilo City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Iloilo City 69,499 58,859 313 2,208 5,128 775 928 1,558
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 21,327 20,799 214 208 73 11 14 8
     Wood 15,576 13,930 27 237 730 606 31 15
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
15,944 14,230 58 1,367 203 65 16 5
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
403 316 7 48 10 19 1 2
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 11,982 7,617 - 299 3,856 56 130 24
     Others/Not Reported 4,267 1,697 7 49 256 18 736 1,504

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Iloilo City was excluded in the population counts of Iloilo province. As defined in 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (2000,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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Page last revised: August 6, 2002






 

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