Institutional Population of the Philippines (2020 Census of Population and Housing)

Reference Number: 

2022-299

Release Date: 

Friday, August 12, 2022

Institutional population decreases by more than 39,386

1. As of 01 May 2020, the institutional population reached 366,202 persons, or 0.3 percent of the country’s total population of 109,035,343 persons. This figure is 39,386 persons or 9.7 percent lower than the 405,588 institutional population posted in 2015. (Tables 1 and A)

2. The number of institutional living quarters (ILQs) rose by 8,522 or 40.0 percent from 21,324 in 2015 to 29,846 in 2020. (Tables 1 and A)

3. The total number of ILQs and institutional population translated to an average of 12 persons or institutional population per ILQ. This is lower than the average of 19 persons per ILQ in 2015. (Table A)

Three in every five ILQs are of residential type

4. Hotels, motels, lodging houses, and dormitories consistently comprised the largest number of ILQs in the country in 2015 and 2020. This type of ILQ accounted for 17,813 (59.7%) of the total 29,846 ILQs in 2020. Convents, nunneries, seminaries, and boarding schools came in next with 3,865 ILQs (12.9%), followed by military camps and stations with 1,873 ILQs (6.3%). (Tables 1 and A)

Two fifths of the institutional population reside in corrective and penal institutions

5. Among the 366,202 institutional population, 160,350 persons (43.8%) resided in corrective and penal institutions. Residents in hotels, motels, lodging houses, and dormitories was next with 72,211 persons (19.7%), followed by those residing in convents, nunneries, seminaries, and boarding schools with 31,828 persons (8.7%). These were also the top three most numerous institutional population in 2015. (Tables B and 1)

Four in every five ILQ residents are male

6. Four in every five persons residing in ILQs were males (79.0%) while 21.0 percent were females. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 375, or 375 males per 100 females. Males outnumbered females in all types of ILQ, except in welfare institutions, where females accounted for 50.1 percent while males comprised 49.9 percent, or a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females. (Table B)

Majority of the residents in ILQs belongs to age group 18 to 59 years

7. Majority (86.9%) of the institutional population in 2020 belonged to the age group of 18 to 59 years. The rest of the institutional population were aged 0 to 17 years (7.8%) and 60 years and over (5.3%). In 2015, institutional population aged 18 to 59 years comprised 83.2 percent of the total institutional population, while 13.2 percent belonged to the age group of 0 to 17 years, and 3.6 percent were 60 years old and over. (Table C)

8. The median age of institutional population was 32.8 years, which means that half of the institutional population was younger than 32.8 years. This is higher when compared with the median age of 28.5 years that was reported in 2015. (Table C)

9. Residents in corrective and penal institutions posted the highest median age of 38.8 years, followed by those residing in hospitals and nurses’ homes (36.0 years); logging, mining, and construction/public works camps (32.6 years); and oceangoing and interisland/coastal vessels (31.0 years). The lowest median age was reported among the residents in welfare institutions (18.2 years). (Table C)

Three in every five institutional population are never married

10. Approximately three fifths (61.9%) of the 359,616 ILQ residents aged 10 years and over, was never married while 25.6 percent was married. The rest of the institutional population 10 years old and over was categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (5.8%), widowed (1.6%), and divorced/separated (1.1%). (Table D)

Two in every five ILQ residents has reached at most high school level

11. Two fifths (42.1%) of the institutional population five years old and over had reached or completed at most high school level while 22.3 percent had attended or graduated at most elementary level. Baccalaureate/ college undergraduates and baccalaureate/college degree holders comprised 11.6 percent and 13.3 percent, respectively, of the total ILQ residents aged five years and over. (Tables E and 5)

 

DENNIS S. MAPA, Ph.D.
Undersecretary
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General

Attachment: 

Tags: