Laguna: Annual Population Growth Rate Recorded the Highest (4.08 Percent) in 2000

Reference Number: 

2002-117

Release Date: 

Monday, September 2, 2002

 

Population to double in 17 years

The total population of Laguna, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,965,872 persons. This represents an increase of 260,850 persons over the figure in the 1995 Census of Population.

The annual population growth rate recorded during the 1995 to 2000 period of 4.08 percent was the highest annual growth rate for Laguna since 1918 Census. This was 0.8 percentage point higher than the annual growth rate during the 1995 count. If the current growth rate of the population continues at 4.08 percent, the population of Laguna was expected to double in 17 years.

The number of households edged up to 417,932 in 2000 from 337,018 households in 1995. The average household size was 4.7 persons, a slight decrease from 4.8 persons in 1995.

Laguna, ranked second in Southern Tagalog Region in terms of population

Laguna contributed 16.67 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region to become the second largest province in terms of population among the eleven provinces in Southern Tagalog. At the national level, the province shared 2.57 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Calamba, the hometown of our national hero, was the biggest in terms of population size

Among the 30 municipalities covering Laguna, Calamba was the largest constituting 281,146 persons or 14.30 percent of the total provincial population. It was also the hometown of our national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. San Pedro (11.77 percent) and San Pablo (10.58 percent) followed. Municipalities of Famy and Rizal had the smallest population with 0.53 percent and 0.66 percent of the total population, respectively.

Laguna had a median age of 23 years

Laguna had a median age of 23 years, higher by one year five years ago. This meant that in 2000, about half of the population were below 23 years old.

Sex ratio was recorded at 98.49

Females outnumbered their male counterpart with a sex ratio of 98.49 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age groups 0-14 and 35-54 years. On the other hand, females dominated in the rest of the age groups.

Dependency ratio down to 60.18

In 2000, the overall dependency ratio was 60.18. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 60 dependents - 55 persons aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) and 5 persons aged 65 years and over (old dependents). In 1995, the ratio was 63.2.

More than half of females in the province were of childbearing age

Out of 990,402 females, 546,969 or 55.23 percent belonged to childbearing age or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those at age group 20 to 24 years (10.77 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

More than one-third of the household population aged five years old and over had either attended/finished elementary (34.3 percent) or high school (34.14 percent). Close to 13 percent were college under- graduates and 5.94 percent with higher education.

Majority of the population who were college undergraduates, academic degree holders, and with post baccalaureate courses were females. On the contrary, majority of the population who had post secondary courses were males.

Nine out of ten were Tagalog

Most people in Laguna classified themselves as Tagalog (90.86 percent), about 3 percent as Bicol and 1.62 percent as Bisaya/Binisaya. The remaining 4.6 percent were Ilocano, Hiligaynon/Ilongo, Cebuano, Waray or other ethnic groups.

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Married persons made up 47.26 percent of the total population 10 years old and over while 41.83 percent were reported single. The remaining 10.91 percent were either with other arrangement, widowed, separated/divorced or with unknown marital status.

One out of five households had 30 to 49 square meter-floor area

About 22 percent of the occupied housing units had floor area of 30 to 49 square meters, 18.12 percent with 20 to 29 square meters, and 15.91 percent with 10 to 19 square meters. On the other hand, the floor area of 90 to 119 square meters (4.87 percent) was the least preferred.

Occupied housing units were predominantly made of strong materials

As to the construction materials used for walls, 53.22 percent of the occupied housing units used concrete/brick/stone. This registered a 16.55 percentage points increase ten years ago. Moreover, 88.15 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, an increase of 3.69 percentage points as compared to that of 1990.

Of the total occupied housing units, 51.43 percent had roof made up of galvanized iron/aluminum and concrete/ brick/stone for walls.

LAGUNA

Laguna hugs the country's largest freshwater lake. Its culture, history and economy are intimately connected with this body of water.

The Laguna de Bay forms the northern shore of the province. Moving northeasterly, the shore proceed to the common border with the province of Rizal, while moving northwesterly, the coast runs to the edge of Metro Manila. On the east and southeast, the Sierra Madre mountains run along the border with Quezon and dormant volcanoes.

Rain falls evenly throughout the year in the east. The western part of the province experiences a pronounced dry season from November to April and a wet season the rest of the year.

Laguna derives its name from "La Laguna" (the lake), referring to Laguna de Bay, the largest inland body of water in the Philippines.

Rain falls evenly throughout the year in the east. The western part of the province experiences a pronounced dry season from November to April and a wet season the rest of the year.

Laguna and surrounding areas were conquered for Spain in 1571, by Captain Juan de Salcedo. Seven years later, Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization. Soon, towns around the lake were founded.

The town of Bay was the capital of the province until 1688, when it was transferred to Pagsanjan and later in 1852, to Sta. Cruz.

Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against Spain. It was also the home province of the national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal who was born in Calamba

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 10 Municipalities by Sex: Laguna, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Laguna 1,965,872 100.00 975,470 990,402
     Bay 43,762 2.23 21,887 21,875
     Biñan 201,186 10.23 99,479 101,707
     Cabuyao 106,630 5.42 52,774 53,856
     Calamba 281,146 14.30 138,644 142,502
     Los Baños 82,027 4.17 40,715 41,312
     Nagcarlan 48,727 2.48 24,602 24,125
     San Pablo 207,927 10.58 102,685 105,242
     San Pedro 231,403 11.77 113,755 117,648
     Santa Cruz 92,694 4.72 46,591 46,103
     Santa Rosa 185,633 9.44 89,485 96,148

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Laguna, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Laguna 1,965,872 975,470 990,402 98.49
     Under 1 50,107 25,819 24,288 106.30
     1 to 4 191,999 99,174 92,825 106.84
     5 to 9 225,393 115,457 109,936 105.02
     10 to 14 205,527 104,370 101,157 103.18
     15 to 19 196,341 96,123 100,218 95.91
     20 to 24 202,805 96,153 106,652 90.16
      25 to 29 170,376 83,865 86,511 96.94
     30 to 34 158,706 78,983 79,723 99.07
     35 to 39 138,769 69,491 69,278 100.31
     40 to 44 118,548 60,022 58,526 102.56
     45 to 49 93,023 46,962 46,061 101.96
     50 to 54 67,386 33,759 33,627 100.39
     55 to 59 44,507 21,446 23,061 93.00
     60 to 64 36,801 17,061 19,740 86.43
     65 to 69 25,813 11,347 14,466 78.44
     70 to 74 17,609 7,511 10,098 74.38
     75 to 79 11,368 4,411 6,957 63.40
     80 & Over 10,794 3,516 7,278 48.31

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Laguna, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Laguna 1,721,179 849,134 872,045
     No Grade Completed 51,653 26,638 25,015
     Pre-School 42,169 21,572 20,597
     Elementary 590,443 293,065 297,378
     High School 587,565 289,647 297,918
     Post Secondary 88,994 46,745 42,249
     College Undergraduate 217,472 106,821 110,651
     Academic Degree Holder 95,952 41,579 54,373
     Post Baccalaureate 6,245 2,772 3,473
     Not Stated 40,686 20,295 20,391

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Laguna, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Laguna 1,498,373 626,790 708,127 60,643 20,516 65,100 17,197
     Below 20 401,868 374,567 12,187 426 472 5,449 8,767
     20 - 24 202,805 127,999 58,024 399 1,506 11,805 3,072
     25 - 29 170,376 55,975 98,656 748 2,284 11,056 1,657
     30 - 34 158,706 27,355 116,023 1,432 2,940 9,971 985
     35 - 39 138,769 15,185 109,256 2,267 3,248 8,156 657
     40 - 44 118,548 8,591 96,056 3,699 3,139 6,615 448
     45 - 49 93,023 5,626 74,986 4,976 2,499 4,612 324
     50 - 54 67,386 3,914 52,393 6,091 1,683 3,027 278
     55 - 59 44,507 2,275 32,957 6,320 1,073 1,708 174
     60 - 64 36,801 1,784 24,903 7,914 768 1,205 227
     65 - 69 25,813 1,280 15,618 7,643 425 686 161
     70 - 74 17,609 904 9,187 6,708 239 424 147
     75 - 79 11,368 638 4,707 5,528 151 221 123
     80 & Over 10,794 697 3,174 6,492 89 165 177

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Laguna, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Laguna 1,963,259 974,110 989,149
     Tagalog 1,783,885 887,435 896,450
     Bikol/Bicol 57,282 28,585 28,697
     Bisaya/Binisaya 31,791 14,575 17,216
     Ilocano 16,692 8,298 8,394
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 13,904 6,481 7,423
     Cebuano 11,077 5,093 5,984
     Waray 7,936 3,631 4,305
     Others 29,287 14,379 14,908
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 338 219 119
     Not Reported 11,067 5,414 5,653

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Laguna, 2000


CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Laguna 409,772 361,201 3,386 26,025 7,056 3,912 2,952 630 4,610
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 218,070 210,726 2,551 3,626 616 148 125 278 -
     Wood 54,136 46,166 230 1,874 4,663 841 260 102 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
96,436 75,340 471 19,127 1,052 219 183 44 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
3,241 2,770 35 308 60 27 27 14 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
22,748 18,600 - 694 511 2,455 369 112 7
     Asbestos 185 143 10 15 12 - - 5 -
     Glass 194 157 17 10 4 - - 6 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
6,477 4,124 - 159 45 169 1,947 30 3
     Others/Not reported 7,926 2,901 35 182 88 51 31 39 4,599
     No Walls 359 274 37 30 5 2 10 - 1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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