Births slightly increase by 1. 9 percent in a span of 10 years
There was a slight increase in the annual number of births in a span of 10 years between 2001 (1,714,093) and 2011 (1,746,684). The annual number of births increased by 32,591 births or 1.9 percent. The number of births from 2001 onwards showed an erratic trend with peak in 2008. The highest increment in births was recorded in 2007 at 5.2 percent (86,849 births). On the other hand, the year 2002 recorded the big decrease in the number of births at 2.8 percent.
A total of 1,746,684 live births were registered in 2011. The figure showed a decrease of 36,296 or 2.0 percent from 2010’s reported live births of 1,782,981. This meant an average of 4,785 babies were born daily or three babies per minute.
More males (910,263 or 52.1%) were born than females (836,421 or 47.9%) which resulted to a sex ratio of 108.8 males per 100 females. Region XI had the highest sex ratio 110.6 males per 100 females, while Region IX got the lowest with 106.3 males per 100 females.
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) had the least recorded live births with 5,724 or 0.3 percent of the total. This was followed by Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) with 34,227 or 2.0 percent and Caraga Region (38,336 or 2.2%) as the second and third regions, respectively to have the least recorded number of live births.
Three-fourths of the total birth proportions are medically attended
It was noted that out of 1,746,684 live births, 1,362,464 or 78.0 percent were medically attended either by physicians, nurses or midwives. This marked an increase of 0.8 percent from last year’s figure of 1,351,484 live births.
Physician had the biggest proportion of births attended. About four in ten births attended were under the care of physicians (788,207 or 45.1%). Second, were the midwives with 549,524 births attended or 31.5 percent, while nurses attended only 24,733 or 1.4 percent of the total births.
About one in every five births was attended by traditional birth attendants or widely known as “hilot”. Births attended by hilots ranked third with 369,872 or 21.2 percent.
NCR had the highest number of medically attended births of 226,352, while ARMM had the least only 4,205.
Children born out of wedlock went up by 1.8 %
Nearly half of the total babies born in 2011 were reported illegitimate. This comprised 778,680 or 44.6 percent of the total, or an increase of 1.8 percent compared to last year’s record of 765,074 babies. More male babies than female babies had illegitimate status.
NCR, Region IV-A and Region III had the highest number of babies with illegitimate status with 140,478, 126,087 and 81,198, respectively.
Two of the seventeen regions with the highest percentage of babies with illegitimate status covered more than half of its total birth proportion on their regions. These were NCR with 57.1 percent and Region VIII with 53.4 percent.
More teenage mothers than teenage fathers
Babies born to teenage mothers (203,653) were four times higher than those babies sired by teenage fathers (47,159). On the extreme end, babies born to fathers aged 50 and over (34,301) was far greater than those mothers of the same age group (537). Mothers aged 20-24 recorded the highest frequency of live births with 499,901 or 28.6 percent while fathers aged 25-29 had the highest count of 425,796 live births or 24.4 percent.
Among the reported live births, the median age for mothers giving birth was 26 years, while for fathers, age 30. This meant that females are generally younger than their partners.