Maguindanao: Population to Reach One Million in 2006 (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-163

Release Date: 

Tuesday, October 1, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 4.16 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) results showed that Maguindanao registered a total population of 801,102 persons, higher by 138,922 persons over the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. This figure recorded a 4.16 percent annual population growth rate, higher by 3.25 percentage points than the annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 143,669 households, higher by 14,802 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 5.57 persons, slightly higher than the average household size (5.13 persons) recorded five years ago and the national average of five persons.

The population of the province will double after seventeen years

The population of Maguindanao will increase 33,326 persons annually and expected to reach one million in year 2006 and to double by year 2017 if the population growth rate (4.16 percent) will not change with in the said period.

Sultan Kudarat, the most populated municipality while Shariff Aguak, the capital town, ranked seven

Of the twenty one municipalities in the province of Maguindanao, the municipality of Sultan Kudarat was the largest in terms of population size, comprising 11.84 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by the municipalities of Datu Odin Sinsuat (8.93 percent), and Datu Piang (8.40 percent). The least populous was the municipality of Talitay (2.13 percent).

Shariff Aguak, the capital town of the province, formerly known as Maganoy, comprised 8.33 percent of the total population of the province.

Over three-fifths were Maguindanaon

Most of the residents of Maguindanao classified themselves as Maguindanaon (64 percent), about 14 percent as Iranon; 5 percent, Teduray; and 17 percent, other ethnic groups.

Maguindanao ranked first in ARMM

Maguindanao was the most populated province among the four provinces in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with 33.21 percent of the 2.4 million persons of the region. At the national level, the province contributed 1.05 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Half of the population below 19 years old

Maguindanao had a median age of 19 years, slightly higher than the 1995 median age of 18 years. This meant that half of the population were below 19 years old.

More population aged 5-9 years old

In 2000, the age-sex structure of the population of Maguindanao deviated from the usual pyramid shape as shown in Figure 1. The age group 5-9 years old occupied the largest proportion of the total population (15 percent). Children under 5 years old made up 12.3 percent of the total population of the province, lower than the percentage for the age group 5 to 9 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 100.25

There were 401,049 males and 400,053 females in Maguindanao. This gave a sex ratio of 100.25 males for every 100 females. There were more males in almost all age groups except in the 15-39 age group.

Over half of females belonged to the childbearing age group

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 52 percent of the total female population.

Voting population more than half of the total population

There were 414,097 persons or 52 percent of the total population belonging to the voting age population (18 years and over). Among them, the proportion of males was higher (50.14 percent) than that of the females (49.86 percent).

Dependency ratio dropped by 5 percentage points

Over 57 percent of the total population was economically active (aged 15 to 64 years). About 41 percent were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while two percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 74, dropped by 5 percentage points from the 1995 ratio of 79. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 74 dependents, i.e., 71 young dependents and three old dependents.

More female degree holders

About 42 percent of the total population had attended or completed elementary education; 18 percent, high school; and 5.7 percent, higher education.

Males dominated among those who had finished elementary education (51 percent) as compared to the females (49 percent). On the other hand, females dominated among those who had finished college education (56 percent) as compared to males (44 percent).

More single men than women

Forty seven percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while 45 percent were married. The remaining 8 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There were more single men (51 percent) than women (49 percent). The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (68 percent) than the males (32 percent).

Most of the households preferred single houses

Majority of the housing units were single houses (94 percent). Over seven out of ten housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. Two out of five housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

Smaller houses in Maguindanao

Three out of five housing units had floor area of less than 20 square meters (59.15 percent). Only 1.5 percent of the occupied housing units had a floor area of 120 and over square meters.

Native or locally made materials for housing units preferred by households

The households in Maguindanao preferred native or locally made materials for their houses. About 53 percent used cogon/nipa/anahaw for their roof, while 31 percent used galvanized iron/aluminum. As to construction materials of the outer walls, 44 percent used bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa/ anahaw and 35.4 percent, wood.

MAGUINDANAO

The province of Maguindanao is located in Central Mindanao and bounded on the north by Lanao Del Sur, on the east by North Cotabato, on the west by the Moro Gulf, and on the south by Sultan Kudarat.

Maguindanao means "people of the flooded plains". Mindanao itself was derived from the word danao, meaning "inundation of a river, lake, or sea".

Traditionally, the Maguindanaons are rice farmers who live in the valley. Those near the coasts became fishermen and traders. They also produce fine handicrafts such as brassware, hand-woven malongs, mats, and baskets. They are musically inclined, with kulintang as principal instruments. Their kulintang ensemble has two more large gongs than that of the Maranaos.

The Tiruray are found in Dinaig and in the densely forested hills. They are basically horse-riding people living in communal households. They practice kaingin farming, supplemented by hunting and weaving nito vines and rattan into baskets, bags and hats.

Maguindanao is primarily agricultural with corn, rice, and coconut as the major crops. It has substantial timber reserves, especially in Buldon in the north and Upi in the south.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               by: Conrado M. Lancion,
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Maguindanao, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Maguindanao 801,102 100.00 401,049 400,053
     Sultan Kudarat (Nuling) 94,861 11.84 47,279 47,582
     Datu Odin Sinsuat (Dinaig) 71,569 8.93 35,743 35,826
     Datu Piang 67,303 8.40 32,829 34,474
     Parang 60,935 7.61 30,536 30,399
     Upi 51,141 6.38 26,544 24,597

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Maguindanao, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Maguindanao 801,102 401,049 400,053 100.2
     Under 1 12,094 5,848 6,246 93.6
     1 to 4 86,259 41,938 44,321 94.6
     5 to 9 119,473 60,820 58,653 103.7
     10 to 14 108,220 54,250 53,970 100.5
     15 to 19 105,047 52,396 52,651 99.5
     20 to 24 73,299 36,269 37,030 97.9
     25 to 29 58,831 27,441 31,390 87.4
     30 to 34 48,450 23,374 25,076 93.2
     35 to 39 53,495 26,035 27,460 94.8
     40 to 44 40,066 20,845 19,221 108.4
     45 to 49 32,048 16,675 15,373 108.5
     50 to 54 22,569 12,087 10,482 115.3
     55 to 59 16,212 8,916 7,296 122.2
     60 to 64 11,423 6,473 4,950 130.8
     65 to 69 6,579 3,639 2,940 123.8
     70 to 74 3,734 2,190 1,544 141.8
     75 to 79 1,580 937 643 145.7
     80 and over 1,723 916 807 113.5

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Maguindanao, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Maguindanao 702,028 352,800 349,228
     No Grade Completed 176,550 84,859 911,691
     Pre-School 8,379 4,082 4,297
     Elementary 298,062 153,260 144,802
     High School 125,327 63,598 61,729
     Post Secondary 3,501 1,711 1,790
     College Undergraduate 35,539 18,023 17,516
     Academic Degree Holder 3,758 1,635 2,123
     Post Baccalaureate 750 384 366
     Not Stated 50,162 25,248 24,914

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Maguindanao, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Maguindanao 800,369 400,578 399,791
     Maguindanao 508,302 253,798 254,504
     Iranon 116,283 57,510 59,073
     Teduray 37,302 19,080 18,222
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 34,866 17,672 17,194
     Cebuano 28,252 14,196 14,056
     Tiruray 19,994 10,137 9,857
     Ilocano 8,106 4,191 3,915
     Others 31,744 16,214 15,530
     Not Reported 15,520 8,080 7,440

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Maguindanao, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Maguindanao 583,276 277,243 264,547 16,092 3,680 12,937 8,777
     Below 20 213,267 197,497 8,413 316 229 1,265 5,547
     20 - 24 73,299 49,047 20,301 442 559 1,624 1,326
     25 - 29 58,831 18,591 36,115 783 619 2,076 647
     30 - 34 48,450 6,411 38,476 918 501 1,841 303
     35 - 39 53,495 2,615 47,153 1,371 472 1,675 209
     40 - 44 40,066 1,130 35,503 1,635 347 1,301 150
     45 - 49 32,048 677 28,208 1,768 285 1,017 93
     50 - 54 22,569 429 19,093 1,893 244 797 113
     55 - 59 16,212 290 13,350 1,794 153 546 79
     60 - 64 11,423 215 8,778 1,859 110 374 87
     65 - 69 6,479 147 4,737 1,358 81 200 56
     70 - 74 3,734 86 2,532 942 34 109 31
     75 - 79 1,580 43 994 445 22 44 32
     80 and over 1,723 65 894 568 24 68 104

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Maguindanao, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not
Reported
Maguindanao 140,815 43,429 740 5,154 10,486 74,690 135 6,181
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 7,401 6,572 312 212 90 206 4 5
     Wood 49,846 23,644 196 1,187 8,074 16,665 16 64
     Half Concrete/Brick
        Stone and Half
        Wood
11,834 7,814 103 3,033 271 598 5 10
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
921 444 32 183 138 120 3 1
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Nipa
62,690 4,540 - 450 1,762 55,868 44 26
     Asbestos 70 25 12 12 10 - - 11
     Glass 32 12 7 4 5 - - 4
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
481 26 - 5 12 393 41 4
     Others/Not Reported 7,346 300 72 67 101 765 11 6,030
     No walls 194 52 6 1 23 75 11 26

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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