Marawi City: The Least Populated Highly Urbanized City

Reference Number: 

2002-151

Release Date: 

Wednesday, September 18, 2002

 

Population growth rate was registered at 2.96 percent

Marawi City registered a total population of 131,090 persons in 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000), an increase of 16,701 persons from 1995 Census of Population. This figure implied an annual growth rate of 2.96 percent, a decrease of 1.23 percentage points from that of the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households also rose to 20,331 compared to 18,356 households from the 1995 figure.

If the annual growth rate continues, the population of Marawi City is expected to double in 23 years.

Daguduban was the most populous barangay

Out of 96 barangays comprising Marawi City, Barangay Daguduban contributed the biggest proportion (4.20 percent) to the total city population. Barangays Dimaluna with 2.64 percent;Lomediong with 2.49 percent;Bonggalo Poblacion with 2.38 percent;and Panggao Saduc with 2.30 percent followed. The least populous was Bubong Lumbac with 0.15 percent share to the total city population.

Marawi City, the smallest highly urbanized city in terms of population size

Among the 16 highly urbanized cities in the Philippines, Marawi City was the smallest in terms of population size. At the national level, the province shared 0.17 percent of the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Females dominated Marawi City

There were 63,110 males and 67,980 females in Marawi City. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 92.84 males for every 100 females.

Marawi City had a median age of 17.66 years old

Marawi City had a median age of 17.66 years in 2000 and 18.29 years in 1995. The percentage of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years was 42.32 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 1.61 percent while 56.07 percent belonged to the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years).

Out of 67,980 females, 35,743 or 52.58 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years ).

Mostly were Maranaos

Most of the household population in Marawi City classified themselves as Maranaos (96.18 percent). Followed by Bisaya/Binisaya (1.29 percent) and Cebuano (1.14 percent). Other ethnic groups included Tagalog (0.29 percent) and Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (0.14 percent).

More female degree holders

Of the total population 5 years old and over, 29.27 percent attended or finished elementary education, while 20.74 percent had either reached or completed high school education. Those who had achieved higher education comprised 28.73 percent.

There were more males who had attended or finished elementary education (51.29 percent) compared to females (48.71 percent). On the other hand, those who had attended high school, college, were academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate courses were predominantly females.

More single men than women

About 48.16 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while 44.05 percent were married. The remaining 7.79 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other marital arrangements and with unknown marital status.

Households preferred galvanized iron / aluminum for the roof of their houses and wood as walls

As to the construction materials used for housing units, 80.81 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum while 6.9 percent had tile/concrete/clay tile. Forty five percent had wood as the construction materials used for the outer walls.

Majority of the housing units were single houses

Of the 15,955 occupied housing units in Marawi City, majority (84.33 percent) were single houses while 6.15 percent were duplex and 6.36 percent, multi-residential.

Three out of ten housing units were newly built

Three out of ten housing units in the city were relatively new, built from 1996 to 2000. Almost 62 percent of these housing units either needed minor repair or did not need repair at all. The 1990 figure was 66.20 percent.

 

MARAWI CITY

Marawi City, the provincial capital of the province of Lanao del Sur, is located on the shores of Lake Lanao. It is bounded on the north by the cities of Iligan and Cagayan de Oro, cities of Pagadian and Zamboanga on the east, province of Cotabato on the southwest and city of Ozamis on the northwest.

The Islamic City of Marawi was formerly a municipality named Dansalan, which was organized on May 27, 1907 under the Moro Province Administration. Dansalan means a "place of destination". The old Dansalan became a charter city on August 19, 1940, pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. 592, but was inaugurated only on September 30, 1950, due to the Pacific War. Its granting of a charter was authored by the late Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon and late assemblyman and later, Senator, Atty. Tomas Cabili. On June 16, 1956, then Senator Domocao Alonto changed the name Dansalan to Marawi through a Congressional Amendment of the Charter by the enactment of Republic Act No. 1552. The changing was in honor of the Marawi Sultanate Confederation. On April 5, 1980, the city was renamed Islamic City of Marawi through the City Council Resolution No. 19-A during the incumbency of the Atty. Sultan Omar Dianalan as the city mayor.

Source: Website of the League of Cities of the Philippines (www.lcp.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Barangsys: Marawi City, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
     Marawi City 131,090 100.00
     Daguduban 5,503 4.20
     Dimaluna 3,461 2.64
     Lomidong 3,267 2.49
     Banggolo Poblacion 3,121 2.38
     Panggao Saduc 3,011 2.30
     Other Barangays 112,727 85.99

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Marawi City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
     Marawi City 131,090 63,110 67,980 92.84
     Under 1 2,403 1,163 1,240 93.79
     1 to 4 17,084 8,337 8,747 95.31
     5 to 9 20,563 10,400 10,163 102.33
     10 to 14 15,421 7,709 7,712 99.96
     15 to 19 16,264 7,345 8,919 82.35
     20 to 24 13,246 5,791 7,455 77.68
     25 to 29 10,894 4,863 6,031 80.63
     30 to 34 8,139 3,839 4,300 89.28
     35 to 39 7,683 3,748 3,935 95.25
     40 to 44 5,691 2,836 2,855 99.33
     45 to 49 4,603 2,355 2,248 104.76
     50 to 54 3,199 1,660 1,539 107.86
     55 to 59 2,113 1,100 1,013 108.59
     60 to 64 1,670 869 801 108.49
     65 to 69 1,007 504 503 100.20
     70 to 74 607 337 270 124.81
     75 to 79 232 113 119 94.96
     80 &Over 271 141 130 108.46

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Marawi City 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
     Marawi City 110,329 53,154 57,175
     No Grade Completed 13,737 6,162 7,575
     Pre-School 2,612 1,301 1,311
     Elementary 32,297 16,565 15,732
     High School 22,879 11,026 11,853
     Post Secondary 4,532 2,128 2,404
     College Undergraduate 19,144 8,895 10,249
     Academic Degree Holder 4,379 1,917 2,462
     Post Baccalaureate 3,642 1,790 1,852
     Not Stated 7,107 3,370 3,737

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Marawi City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Marawi City 91,040 43,844 40,101 3,066 868 1,136 2,025
     Below 20 31,685 29,079 1,257 46 23 107 1,173
     20 - 24 13,246 8,752 3,865 65 74 147 343
     25 - 29 10,894 3,665 6,597 114 132 172 214
     30 - 34 8,139 1,222 6,333 197 122 167 98
     35 - 39 7,683 570 6,574 201 135 147 56
     40 - 44 5,691 218 4,943 291 107 108 24
     45 - 49 4,603 144 3,908 343 89 95 24
     50 - 54 3,199 68 2,566 401 67 73 24
     55 - 59 2,113 50 1,663 310 37 41 12
     60 - 64 1,670 37 1,142 398 35 40 18
     65 - 69 1,007 14 643 298 18 22 12
     70 - 74 607 8 363 199 13 7 17
     75 - 79 232 5 116 101 7 - 3
     80 &Over 271 12 131 102 9 10 7

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Marawi City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
     Marawi City 129,809 62,651 67,158
     Maranao 124,845 60,379 64,466
     Bisaya/Binisaya 1,669 746 923
     Cebuano 1,480 700 780
     Tagalog 381 184 197
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 182 88 94
     Others 988 432 556
     Not Reported 264 122 142

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Marawi City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
Marawi City 15,955 12,894 1,101 749 772 77 27 335
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 5,503 4,257 992 212 31 8 - 3
     Wood 7,230 6,358 52 93 675 30 20 2
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
2,531 2,010 43 430 44 1 - 3
     Galvanized Iron/
       Aluminum
62 42 4 9 7 - - -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
       Cogon/Nipa
203 158 - - 6 38 - 1
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
14 5 - 1 2 - 6 -
     Asbestos/Others/
       Not Reported/
       no Walls
412 64 10 4 7 - 1 326

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Marawi City was excluded in the population counts of Lanao del Sur province. As defined in 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer;and its population is at least two hundred thousand (2000,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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Page last revised: September 18, 2002







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