Mountain Province - Home of the Kankanais (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-012

Release Date: 

Wednesday, February 6, 2002

 

Mountain Province, nestled at the heart of Cordillera Range, registered a total population of 140,439 persons in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing. It registered an annual growth rate of 1.88 percent from 1990 to 2000 and 1.54 percent from 1995 to 2000. The number of households registered at 27,721, an increase of 3,975 over the 1990 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.1 persons from 4.9 persons in 1990, same size as that in 1995, and higher than the national average of five persons.

 

Among the ten municipalities in Mountain Province, Bauko, which comprised 20 percent of total provincial population, ranked first in terms of population size. Next were Bontoc, Paracelis, and Tadian which comprised 16, 14, and 13 percent, respectively, of the total population. The other six municipalities had less than 10 percent share each (Sagada, 8 percent; Besao, 7 percent; Natonin, 7 percent; Sabangan, 6 percent; Sadanga, 6 percent; and Barlig, 5 percent).

 

Among the six provinces (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province) and one highly urbanized city (Baguio City) in CAR, Mountain Province ranked sixth in terms of population size contributing 10.3 percent to the 1.4 million persons in the region. It was larger in terms of population than Apayao. Mountain Province likewise, shared 0.18 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000. It was as big as the province of Biliran in terms of population size.

 

Mountain Province had a median age of 20 years. Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 106 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 49. On the contrary, there were more females than males among the population 50 years old and over.

 

In 2000, the 0 to 14 age group made up about 39 percent of the total population while population aged 65 years and above comprised 5.5 percent. The economically active population aged 15 to 64, thus, made up 56 percent of the total population in Mountain Province.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 78.7. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 79 dependents (69 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and ten persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 81.7 ratio reported in 1995.

Of the total household population five years old and over, two out of five (42 percent) had attended or completed elementary education. Twenty four percent had either attended or finished high school while 11 percent had attended college. Only 4.6 percent were academic degree holders. There were more males who finished elementary education (56.3 percent) and high school (54.8 percent) compared to females with 43.6 percent and 45.2 percent, respectively. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished post secondary, college and post baccalaureate were predominantly females.

 

More than half (52 percent) of the household population in Mountain Province classified themselves as Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey. About 13.6 percent considered themselves as Balangao/Baliwon, and 12 percent as Ibontoc. The remaining 21.6 percent were either Ikalahay, Applai, Kalinga, or belonged to other ethnic groups.

 

There was a higher percentage of single persons than married persons in Mountain Province (49 percent for single versus 43 percent for married). Those who were either widowed, divorced/separated, common-law/live-in or with unknown marital status comprised 8 percent of the total population 10 years old and over.

 

There were 31,716 housing units in Mountain Province, of which 27,625 were occupied, or an increase of 17.1 percentage points from 1990. This registered a ratio of one household per occupied housing unit and 5.08 persons per occupied housing unit. Majority of occupied housing units were single houses (91.4 percent). Duplex and multi-unit residential houses accounted for only 1.4 percent and 0.59 percent, respectively.

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator
 

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

The Mountain Province lies at the heart of the Cordillera Range. As its name suggests, Mountain Province has a terrain that is mountainous, rugged and rolling. The topography is rough, with very steep to nearly level slopes and deep ravines. Towering peaks and sharp ridges are features of its central and western landscape of the province, while gradually sloping and rolling foothills characterize its eastern towns.

Mountain Province is bounded on the north by the province of Kalinga, on the south by the provinces of Benguet and Ifugao, on the east by the province of Isabela, on the southwest by the province of Ilocos Sur and northwest by the province of Abra.

 

Table 1. Total Population by Municipality and Sex: Mountain Province, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Mountain Province 140,439 100.0 72,263 68,176
   Barlig 6,351 4.5 3,317 3,034
   Bauko 27,729 19.7 14,448 13,281
   Besao 9,875 7.0 5,145 4,730
   Bontoc 22,308 15.9 11,242 11,066
   Natonin 9,065 6.5 4,740 4,325
   Paracelis 18,985 13.5 9,920 9,065
   Sabangan 8,728 6.2 4,492 4,236
   Sadanga 8,596 6.1 4,316 4,280
   Sagada 10,575 7.5 5,347 5,228
   Tadian 18,227 13.0 9,296 8,931
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Mountain Province, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Mountain Province 140,439 72,263 68,176 106.0
   Barlig 6,351 4.5 3,317 3,034
   Under 1 3,539 1,857 1,682 110.4
   1 to 4 14,035 7,395 6,640 111.4
   5 to 9 18,405 9,446 8,959 105.4
   10 to 14 18,097 9,305 8,792 105.8
   15 to 19 15,145 7,844 7,301 107.4
   20 to 24 12,346 6,417 5,929 108.2
   25 to 29 10,241 5,438 4,803 113.2
   30 to 34 9,226 4,966 4,260 116.6
   35 to 39 8,051 4,262 3,789 112.5
   40 to 44 6,925 3,642 3,283 110.9
   45 to 49 5,252 2,742 2,510 109.2
   50 to 54 4,237 2,117 2,120 99.9
   55 to 59 3,576 1,757 1,819 96.6
   60 to 64 3,589 1,618 1,971 82.1
   65 to 69 2,788 1,278 1,510 84.6
   70 to 74 2,141 1,278 921 75.5
   75 to 79 1,405 626 779 80.4
   80 & Over 1,441 632 809 78.1
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment
and Sex: Mountain Province, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Mountain Province 122,765 62,925 59,840
   No Grade Completed 13,171 5,391 7,780
   Pre-School 3,259 1,668 1,591
   Elementary 51,799 29,193 22,606
   High School 29,937 16,411 13,526
   Post Secondary 3,287 1,513 1,774
   College Undergraduate 13,661 5,765 7,896
   Academic Degree Holder 5,626 2,023 3,603
   Post Baccalaureate 476 170 306
   Not Stated 1,549 791 758
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Mountain Province, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Mountain Province 140,339 71,431 67,518
   Applai 2,947 1,523 1,424
   Balangao/Baliwon 18,886 9,848 9,038
   Bontok/Binontok 2,510 1,238 1,272
   Ibontoc 17,234 8,679 8,555
   Ilocano 6,968 3,724 3,244
   Kalinga 2,468 1,327 1,141
   Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 72,694 37,355 35,399
   Other Local Ethnicity 16,197 7,463 7,175
   Other Foreign Ethnicity 22 12 10
   Not Reported 413 193 220
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status:
Mountain Province, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Year Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced Others Unknown
Mountain Province 104,460 51,295 44,890 5,799 826 1,328 322
   Below 20 33,242 32,260 681 17 19 113 152
   20 - 24 12,346 8,871 3,221 15 38 156 45
   25 - 29 10,241 4,459 5,478 36 71 169 28
   30 - 34 9,226 2,354 6,519 96 83 157 17
   35 - 39 8,051 1,328 6,343 146 98 114 22
   40 - 44 6,925 784 5,628 257 113 133 10
   45 - 49 5,252 418 4,326 303 98 99 8
   50 - 54 4,237 272 3,427 373 87 72 6
   55 - 59 3,576 170 2,724 541 60 79 2
   60 - 64 3,589 150 2,498 799 59 79 4
   65 - 69 2,788 81 1,749 849 41 58 10
   70 - 74 2,141 69 1,204 802 28 32 6
   75 - 79 1,405 34 653 656 18 38 6
   80 & Over 1,441 45 439 909 13 29 6
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Mountain Province, 2002

Type of Building Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population Ratio of Household and Household Population
        Household to Occupied Housing Unit Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit
Mountain Province 27,625 27,721 140,339 1.00 5.08
   Single House 25,244 25,329 119,734 1.00 4.74
   Duplex 397 399 1,915 1.01 4.82
   Multi-unit Residential 162 171 689 1.06 4.25
   Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 22 22 87 1.00 3.95
   Institutional Living Quarter 5 5 14 1.00 2.80
   Other Housing Unit 4 4 9 1.00 2.25
   Not Reported 1,791 1,791 17,891 1.00 9.99
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

 

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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