Negros Occidental: The Fourth Most Populated Province in the Philippines (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-165

Release Date: 

Wednesday, October 2, 2002

 

Population expected to double in 29 years

Based on the results of the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000), Negros Occidental (excluding Bacolod City) was the fourth largest province in terms of population size. It contributed 2.79 percent (2,136,647) persons of the total Philippine population. This figure was higher by 104,806 persons than the 1995 population. It registered an average annual growth of 1.08 percent. If the current rate continues, the population of the province is expected to double in 64 years.

A corresponding increase on the number of households was also observed, from 387,234 households in 1995 to 416,222 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.13 persons, lower than the 5.24 average household size recorded in 1995.

City of Kabangkalan was the largest in terms of population size

Aside from Bacolod City, the provincial capital and one of the highly urbanized cities in the Philippines, six out of the nine component cities of the province topped in terms of population size. Of the total provincial population (excluding Bacolod City), the City of Kabangkalan comprised 7.01 percent; Cadiz City, 6.64 percent; Bago City, 6.63 percent; Sagay City, 6.07 percent; San Carlos City, 5.53 percent; and Silay City with 5.04 percent. All of them had more than 100 thousand population. On the other hand, the municipalities of San Benedicto and Candoni were the least populated, both accounting to less than one percent of the total provincial population.

More females in the older age groups

Negros Occidental had 1.087 million males and 1.049 million females. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 103.59 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 54 years. At older age groups, there were more females than males.

Of the total population, there were 1.165 million persons or 56.55 percent belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and above). Among the voting population, the proportion was slightly higher for males (50.81 percent) than for females (49.19 percent).

There were 502 thousand females or 47.84 percent of the total females in the childbearing or reproductive ages (15 to 49 years).

Three out of five persons belonged to economically active population

In Negros Occidental, 57.17 percent of the population or 1,221,606 persons comprised the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years). Population aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) constituted 38.64 percent of the total population while 65 years old and over (old dependents) showed 4.18 percent. The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 74.90, lower than the 1995 ratio of 78.69. This meant that for every 100 economically active persons there were 75 dependents, of whom 68 persons were young dependents and 7 persons were old dependents.

More females pursued higher education

Among the household population aged five years and over, percent had attended/completed elementary education; 24.75 percent, high school; and 3.21 percent post-secondary. Those who had achieved higher education comprised 9.85 percent.

There were more males than females among those who had attended or completed elementary (52.62 percent) and post-secondary courses (53.14 percent) while more females in the other levels of education.

Hiligaynon/Ilonggo and Cebuano comprised 97.88 percent of the household population

Majority of the household population in Negros Occidental classified themselves as either Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (77.68 percent) or Cebuano (20.20) percent. The rest were either Binisaya/Bisaya (0.38 percent), Kankanai/ Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.24 percent), or were from other ethnic groups (1.50 percent).

More never married males than females.

Of the total population aged 10 years and over, 46.33 percent were never married; 44.41 percent, married; 4.52 percent, widowed; 0.62 percent, separated/divorced; and 3.10 percent had other marital arrangements.

Among single persons, 54.37 percent were males and 45.63 were females.

One in every three housing units was newly built

Of the occupied housing units in Negros Occidental, 96.14 percent were single houses, 1.34 percent were duplex while 0.44 percent were multi-residential.

Almost 65 percent of the occupied housing units either needed minor repair or did not need any repair at all. The proportion recorded in 1990 was 65.97 percent. One out of three occupied housing units was relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

Strong materials for the roof

In Negros Occidental, 61.03 percent of the total occupied housing units used galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof, higher by 39.41 percentage points than the 1990 proportion (26.12). Likewise, the proportion of housing units that used concrete/brick/stone for the outer walls also increased, from 5.21percent in 1990 to 12.89 percent in 2000. On the other hand, the proportion of housing unit that used bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa as outer walls declined, from 58.39 percent in 1990 to 39.98 percent in 2000.

NEGROS OCCIDENTAL

Negros Occidental occupies the northern and western part of the Negros Island. The province was bounded by the Visayan Sea on the north, Tanon Strait and Negros Oriental on the east, Panay Gulf and Guimaras strait on the west and Sulu Sea on the south.

Originally, Negros Island is called "Buglas" but the Spaniards change it to Negros because of the darked skin negritos they found there. Under Act No. 2711 on March 10, 1917, Negros Occidental became a province.

Producing more than half on the country's sugar, the province is considered the nation's "sugar bowl". There were several sugar refineries found in the entire province and the one located in Victoria is considered the biggest in the world.

Among the tourist attractions in the province were the unique churches, the Mambucal Summer Resort, the Mt. Kanlaon and the numerous festivals such as Maskara, Sinulog, and the Pasasalamat festival.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
by: Conrado M. Lancion
(Tahanan Books, Manila)

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Cities/Municipalities: Negros Occidental, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
Negros Occidental 2,136,647 100.00
     City of Kabankalan 149,769 7.01
     Cadiz City 141,954 6.64
     Bago City 141,721 6.63
     Sagay City 129,765 6.07
     San Carlos City 118,259 5.53
     Silay City 107,722 5.04
     Other Municipalities 1,347,457 63.06

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Negros Occidental, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Negros Occidental 2,136,647 1,087,184 1,049,463 103.59
     Under 1 52,010 26,807 25,203 106.36
     1 to 4 209,357 107,179 102,178 104.89
     5 to 9 289,144 146,914 142,230 103.29
     10 to 14 275,158 139,378 135,780 102.65
     15 to 19 230,956 119,045 111,911 106.37
     20 to 24 179,499 93,608 85,891 108.98
     25 to 29 150,865 77,562 73,303 105.81
     30 to 34 140,062 71,879 68,183 105.42
     35 to 39 129,186 67,038 62,148 107.87
     40 to 44 112,703 57,382 55,321 103.73
     45 to 49 92,948 47,678 45,270 105.32
     50 to 54 70,745 35,548 35,197 101.00
     55 to 59 60,574 29,710 30,864 96.26
     60 to 64 54,068 26,201 27,867 94.02
     65 to 69 37,039 17,913 19,126 93.66
     70 to 74 24,102 11,003 13,099 84.00
     75 to 79 14,849 6,703 8,146 82.29
     80 & Over 13,382 5,636 7,746 72.76

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Negros Occidental 1,873,472 951,811 921,661
     No Grade Completed 128,496 68,273 60,223
     Pre-School 41,880 21,079 20,801
     Elementary 947,993 498,849 449,144
     High School 463,712 226,734 236,978
     Post Secondary 60,207 31,991 28,216
     College Undergraduate 122,259 57,869 64,390
     Academic Degree Holder 50,246 18,651 31,595
     Post Baccalaureate 11,959 4,479 7,480
     Not Stated 46,720 23,886 22,834

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Negros Occidental, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Negros Occidental 2,134,812 1,085,784 1,09,028
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 1,658,294 843,430 814,864
     Cebuano 431,252 219,151 212,101
     Binisaya/Bisaya 8,082 4,005 4,077
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 5,150 2,623 2,527
     Pangasinan/Panggalatok 1,727 911 816
     Others 12,073 6,215 5,858
     Not Reported 18,234 9,449 8,785

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Negros Occidental, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Negros Occidental 1,586,136 734,890 704,482 71,632 9,763 49,169 16,200
     Below 20 506,114 479,463 12,219 451 240 4,310 9,431
     20 - 24 179,499 125,654 42,617 421 593 7,851 2,363
     25 - 29 150,865 58,132 81,935 728 948 7732 1,390
     30 - 34 140,062 27,366 102,980 1,394 1,171 6,416 735
     35 - 39 129,186 14,987 104,225 2,336 1,333 5,794 511
     40 - 44 112,703 8,948 93,101 3,915 1,366 4,981 392
     45 - 49 92,948 5,903 76,658 5,068 1,246 3,832 241
     50 - 54 70,745 4,180 56,489 6,418 860 2,593 205
     55 - 59 60,574 3,210 46,464 7,909 730 2,053 208
     60 - 64 54,068 2,710 38,625 10,460 564 1,526 183
     65 - 69 37,039 1,759 24,290 9,513 333 976 168
     70 - 74 24,102 1,207 13,468 8,578 173 540 136
     75 - 79 14,849 678 6,921 6,753 107 303 87
     80 & Over 13,382 693 4,490 7,688 99 262 150

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Negros Occidental, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not
Reported
Negros Occidental 409,486 249,926 1,254 16,118 122,967 5,084 2,059 12,078
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 52,784 49,778 576 962 968 97 14 389
     Wood 99,202 74,636 254 3,259 16,225 3,480 147 1,201
     Half Concrete/Brick/
    Stone and Half Wood
71,211 58,348 215 8,389 3,465 307 63 424
     Galvanized Iron/
    Aluminum
2,181 1,537 19 288 255 66 6 10
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 163,694 59,450 - 2,908 98,758 1,041 489 1,048
     Others/Not Reported 20,414 6,177 190 312 3,296 93 1,340 9,006

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days

The population count of Negros Occidental excludes the count of Bacolod City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 






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